The Trambaix (Catalan pronunciation: [tɾəmˈbaʃ]) is one of Barcelona's three tram systems. It is operated by TRAMMET connecting the Baix Llobregat area with the city of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. It opened to the public on 5 April 2004 after a weekend when the tram could be used free of charge.

Trambaix
Barcelona Tram 01.jpg
The Trambaix on its way through Avinguda de Xile.
Overview
Native nameTrambaix
Technical
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC overhead lines
Trambaix system map.

The Trambaix includes three different routes (T1, T2 and T3). The tram route starts at Plaça Francesc Macià in Barcelona to the west of the city and extends west, passing L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Esplugues de Llobregat, Cornellà de Llobregat, Sant Joan Despí and Sant Just Desvern. An extension of Tram T3 opened on 8 December 2006, as far as Consell Comarcal in Sant Feliu de Llobregat. The yearly ridership of all of its lines combined is of 15,057,318 passengers as of 2008.

The Trambaix complements the Trambesòs that runs to the north-east of the city. Both networks will be interconnected through Avinguda Diagonal in the next construction phase.[1]

T1 RouteEdit

T2 RouteEdit

T3 RouteEdit

Tram futureEdit

Since the modern tram system launched in 2004, the possibility was envisaged to connect Trambaix and Trambesòs. In September 2008 the mayor of Barcelona, Jordi Hereu, said in a TV programme that in the near future (2011–2012) both tram networks would be connected along the Diagonal Avenue.[2] Despite the Generalitat de Catalunya's efforts to promote it, the project remained on hold for over a decade. Finally in January 2019, Barcelona's city council approved the project with support of mayoress Ada Colau.

The project is divided into two phases. Phase 1 extends the Trambesòs network from Glòries to Verdaguer, serving Monumental and Sicília along the way. Monumental will provide an interchange with Line 2 of the Barcelona Metro. Verdaguer will provide an interchange with line 4 and line 5. The route is 1.8km and has a travel time of 7 minutes. This phase entered construction in 2022 and is expected to be operational by 2024.[3] Phase 2 will link Verdaguer with Francesc Macià, thus completing the connection of the two separate tram networks. This section would serve the stations of Diagonal, Balmes and Casanova. Works are expected to begin once phase 1 has been completed.

Network MapEdit

 

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. Retrieved 2010-06-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ El Trambaix i el Trambesòs es connectaran per la Diagonal, Ajuntament de Barcelona, 8 September 2008.
  3. ^ "Work gets under way to link the tram systems in Av. Diagonal". ajuntament.barcelona.cat. Retrieved 7 July 2022.