TrainOSE S.A. (Greek: ΤραινΟΣΕ Α.Ε., pronounced trenosé) is a railway company in Greece which currently operates passenger and freight trains on OSE lines. TrainOSE was acquired in September 2017 by the Italian national railway company, Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane.[8] The company was a subsidiary of the Hellenic Railways Organisation (OSE) until 2008, when it became an independent state-owned company until its privatisation in 2017. TrainOSE employs all train crews, operators and manages the rail services throughout the Greek railway network, but does not own any rolling stock, leasing rolling stock owned by OSE instead.

TrainOSE S.A.
ΤραινΟΣΕ Α.Ε.
TypeAnónimi Etaireía
IndustryRailway transport and logistics
Founded1 January 2008; 13 years ago (2008-01-01)
Area served
Key people
ProductsRail transport, cargo transport, services
RevenueDecrease €116 million (2018)[4]
Decrease €3 million (2018)[5]
Decrease €6,980 million (2018)[5]
Number of employees
659 (2018)[6]
ParentFerrovie dello Stato Italiane (100%)[7]
Network of the Hellenic Railways


The company was a subsidiary of the Hellenic Railways Organisation (OSE), and had been since 2005. Before 2005 it had been an in-house service of OSE. In 2008 the company became an independent state-owned company. In 2017 it became a wholly own subsidiary of the FS Italiane Group.


The Hellenic Republic Asset Development Fund became the sole shareholder of the corporation in April 2013.[9] An international tendering process for the privatisation of TrainOSE began in July 2013.[10] The Italian state railway group Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane submitted the only binding offer for a 100% stake in TrainOSE, it was announced on 6 July 2016.[11] On 14 July 2016, the privatisation agency accepted Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane's offer, worth 45 million euros, to buy 100% of TrainOSE.[12] TrainOSE's shares were completely transferred on 14 September 2017, and is currently a wholly owned subsidiary of Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane.[8]

Domestic servicesEdit

Mainline passenger servicesEdit

Departures board at Athens Central station, showing different types of passenger services

TrainOSE operates three types of regional rail passenger services on which include "Regular" trains (Greek: Κοινή αμαξοστοιχία, regular/common train), Express trains (Greek: Ταχεία) and Intercity (IC) trains.

The regular rail service is the slowest, with trains making frequent stops, while it is also the cheapest available. Express trains are faster trains, making fewer stops in sections served by regular trains. Intercity (IC) trains are the fastest but the most expensive. The needed supplement on Intercity (IC) trains typically doubled or tripled the base fare respectively, but today this is determined more by the different competing forms of transport, mainly air transport. Car transport is also available on night services on the main line from Athens to Thessaloniki.

Passenger accommodation is similar in all classes of long-distance trains. Seat reservation, bar and restaurant facilities are available on long-distance express and on Intercity (IC) trains.

Numbering of the trains is determined by the type of the train. Regular trains (and also Proastiakos suburban/commuter rail service trains) have four-digit train numbers, Express trains have three-digit train numbers and Intercity (IC) and Intercity trains have two-digit train numbers, preceded by the symbols IC.

The following table shows the situation as of November 2019.[13] Numbers indicate trains on each direction on weekdays (Monday-Friday), excluding public holidays.

Daily Passenger services by TrainOSE
Service Intercity
Express &
Athens-Thessaloniki 5 1
Thessaloniki-Alexandroupoli 1 1
Athens-Leianokladi[14] 1
Athens-Chalkis 12
Thessaloniki-Edessa 5
Larissa–Volos 11
Athens-Kalampaka 1
Palaiofarsalos–Kalampaka 4
Alexandroupoli-Ormenio 3
Leianokladi-Lamia-Stylis 9
Diakopto–Kalavryta 3
Larissa–Thessaloniki 11

Suburban/Commuter rail services between Piraeus – Athens (Athens Central Station also known as Larisis Station) – Athens International Airport and Kiato are not listed. In addition to the above regional rail services on the OSE network, TrainOSE also operates two suburban/commuter rail services on the remnants of the former Peloponesse metre gauge network:

A limited seasonal/tourist service of one train per day also operates as part of the Pelion railway.

Journey 2019 (November)
Athens – Thebes 1:03
Athens – lianokladi (Lamia) 1:55
Athens – Larisa 2:59
Athens – Thessaloniki 4:23
Thessaloniki – Serres 2:45
Thessaloniki – Alexandroupoli 8:11
Thessaloniki – Edessa 1:25
Source: Trainose

Proastiakos commuter rail serviceEdit

Proastiakos (Greek: Προαστιακός, meaning "suburban") is the name used for the suburban (commuter rail) services of TrainOSE in the Athens and Thessaloniki areas. Proastiakos was initially an independent subsidiary within the OSE group, but has since been merged with TrainOSE S.A. The network infrastructure, even if partly purpose-built for the Proastiakos service, is part of the national railway network of OSE, and as such is used by the regional rail services, even freight.

Proastiakos suburban trains at Piraeus railway station

Proastiakos is a relatively new development, with the first service inaugurated for 2004 Athens Olympic Games, between Athens International Airport and Athens (via Neratziotissa station, close to the Olympic Stadium). The commuter rail services that are currently operated by Proastiakos include the lines on the 'main corridor' of Piraeus–Athens–Ano Liosia, Ano Liosia–Athens International Airport, Ano Liosia–Corinth–Kiato; and between the cities of Thessaloniki and Larissa.

The rolling stock of the Proastiakos commuter rail services include Class 460 Siemens Desiro five-car electric multiple units (EMU), used on the electrified sections of the Ano Liosia–Athens International Airport, Ano Liosia–Corinth–Kiato and Thessaloniki–Larissa lines; while Stadler GTW 2/6 DMUs and MAN-2000 DMUs are used on the non-electrified section between Piraeus–Athens–Ano Liosia.

In Athens, Proastiakos provides connections with Athens metro (Line 1) at Neratziotissa station, Athens Metro line 2 at Athens Central (Larissa station) and Athens Metro line 3 at Plakentias station; while it is also the only passenger rail service from Athens to Peloponnese, providing connections with the Peloponnese metre gauge network at Corinth and Kiato stations. These regional rail links have expanded the Proastiakos role from being just a pure suburban-commuter rail service.

Freight railEdit

As of February 2011 the current regular freight services of TrainOSE consist of:

  • A night service from Agios Ioannis Rentis in Athens to the Thessaloniki marshalling yard
  • A night service from Thessaloniki yard to Agios Ioannis Rentis
  • A night service from Agios Ioannis Rentis to Agioi Anargyroi container unloading facility and back

Other irregular national and international freight services also exist.

International servicesEdit

A TCDD passenger train next to a Greek freight train at Pythion station, where OSE's network connects to that of TCDD (2007)

On 13 February 2011, due to the Greek financial crisis and subsequent budget cuts by the Greek government, all international services were suspended.[15] The Greek railway system used to connect with the railways of neighbouring countries Bulgaria at Promahonas (Koulata) and at Ormenio, with Turkey at Pythio and with the railways of North Macedonia at Idomeni.

The passenger services from Greece that ran to neighbouring countries until February 2011 were:

However, in May 2014 some international services were re-introduced on the following lines:[16]

  • Thessaloniki – SkopjeBelgrade
  • Thessaloniki – SofiaBucharest
  • Thessaloniki – Sofia* Arrival train into Thessaloniki connecting with the 11pm service to Athens, thus being aimed at connecting passengers from Sofia to Athens.[17]

Rolling stockEdit

The rolling stock, which until the end of 2017 was owned by OSE, was valued and then transferred almost in its entirety (except for some museum vehicles) by OSE: to the Greek State in exchange for an equal reduction of OSE's debt to the Greek State. GAIAOSE was appointed administrator of the rolling stock of the Greek State, which leases it to TRAINOSE for a price. In addition, TRAINOSE leases rolling stock to Rail Cargo Logistics (a member of Goldair), under a special contract. However, the arrival of rolling stock in Greece for use by TRAINOSE's parent company Trenitalia has been reported to take place in the context of the company's investments. 5 Pendolino trains are expected to arrive in Greece in late 2020 after a delay due to the global pandemic.[18] In 2022, "Freccia-Argento ETR 470" will come into service as the first state-of-the-art Italian-Swiss 9-twin Hybrid Trains from the Italian Factories of Hitachi Rail Italy that will operate in hybrid mode (combine both oil and electric), but will also have batteries for non-commotion in urban areas. While in the same year the introduction of the FrecciaRossa 1000, or the Red Arrows[19] will commence. Italian built between 2013 and 2017, they can operate at 300 km/h (186 mph). They are currently (2020) the fastest trains on the Italian network.[19]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Board of Directors – TrainOSE".
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^ (PDF)ΕΤΗΣΙΑ-ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΚΗ-ΕΚΘΕΣΗ-ΓΙΑ-ΤΗ-ΧΡΗΣΗ-2018.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b "Info" (PDF). Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  6. ^ (PDF)ΕΤΗΣΙΑ-ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΚΗ-ΕΚΘΕΣΗ-ΓΙΑ-ΤΗ-ΧΡΗΣΗ-2018.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "TrainOSE". Archived from the original on 9 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  8. ^ a b "It's a new day for TRAINOSE as FS acquires the entirety of the company's shares". Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  9. ^ "TrainOSE". Archived from the original on 9 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Greece launches Trainose privatisation". Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Greek railway privatisation attracts one bid". Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  12. ^ "Greece names Italian railways winner for Greece's TrainOSE". Archived from the original on 15 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  13. ^ TrainOSE timetable, valid from 19 June 2011. Some services were cancelled after the publication of the timetable.
  14. ^ Train 1510 +3520
  15. ^ "Important Greece Train Update". InterRail News. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  16. ^ "International Railway Services – TrainOSE".
  17. ^ "Greece's TRAINOSE To Start Passenger Rail Service To Sofia, Belgrade". GTP Headlines. 28 April 2014.
  18. ^ News dall’Italia e dal Mondo» Tutto Treno. Ιούνιος 2018
  19. ^ a b

External linksEdit

  Media related to Rail transport in Greece at Wikimedia Commons