Tower of Power
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Tower of Power is an American R&B-based horn section and band, originating in Oakland, California, that has been performing since 1968. There have been a number of lead vocalists, the most well-known being Lenny Williams, who fronted the band between early 1973 and late 1974, the period of their greatest commercial success. They have landed a total of eight songs on the Billboard Hot 100; their highest-charting songs include "You're Still a Young Man", "So Very Hard to Go", "What Is Hip?", and "Don't Change Horses (in the Middle of a Stream)".
Tower of Power
Tower of Power, Buffalo, New York, November 11, 2008
|Origin||Oakland, California, United States|
|Past members||see past members|
In the summer of 1968, tenor saxophonist/vocalist Emilio Castillo met Stephen "Doc" Kupka, who played baritone sax. Castillo had played in several bands, but Castillo's father told his son to "hire that guy" after a home audition. Within months the group, then known as The Motowns, began playing various gigs around Oakland and Berkeley, their soul sound relating to both minority and rebellious listeners.
Castillo wanted to play Bill Graham's Fillmore Auditorium in San Francisco, but he realized he would never get in with a name like The Motowns. The band agreed on Tower of Power and the name stuck.
By 1970, the now renamed Tower of Power—now including trumpet/arranger Greg Adams, first trumpet Mic Gillette, first saxophone Skip Mesquite, Francis "Rocco" Prestia on bass, Willie Fulton on guitar, and drummer David Garibaldi—signed a recording contract with Bill Graham's San Francisco Records and released their first album, East Bay Grease. Rufus Miller performed most of the lead vocals on this debut album. The group was first introduced to the San Francisco Bay area by radio station KSAN, which played a variety of artists such as Cold Blood, Eric Mercury and Marvin Gaye. The single "Sparkling in the Sand" received airplay on the Bay Area soul station KDIA.
Augmented by percussionist/conga/bongo player Brent Byars, Tower of Power was released from their San Francisco label contract and moved to Warner Bros. Records. With Rick Stevens now replacing Rufus Miller as lead singer, 1972's Bump City gave the band their first national exposure. This album included the hit single "You're Still a Young Man", which peaked at #29 on the Billboard Hot 100 and was Stevens' pinnacle vocal performance before leaving the band. Emilio Castillo, who, along with Stephen Kupka, co-wrote "You're Still a Young Man," told Songfacts that the song was based on a true story concerning a former girlfriend who was six years older. The single "Down to the Nightclub" received heavy airplay on West Coast FM stations and several AM stations.
Tower of Power, released in the spring of 1973, was the third album for the band. It featured Lenny Williams on lead vocals and Lenny Pickett on lead tenor saxophone. Bruce Conte replaced guitarist Willie Fulton and keyboardist Chester Thompson also joined the band during the recording of the album. This was the group's most successful album. It peaked at #15 on the Billboard Pop Albums chart and was RIAA certified as a gold record (for sales in excess of 500,000 copies). The album also spawned their most-successful single "So Very Hard to Go". Although the single peaked at #17 on the Billboard Hot 100, it landed in the Top 10 on the surveys of many West Coast Top 40 radio stations, hitting #1 on many of them. The album also charted two other singles on the Billboard Hot 100, "This Time It's Real" and "What Is Hip?"
1974's Back to Oakland spawned another hit, "Don't Change Horses (in the Middle of a Stream)", that reached #26 on the Billboard Hot 100, and "Time Will Tell", which charted at #69. The funk-jazz classic instrumental "Squib Cakes" also came from this album.
On Urban Renewal (1974), the band moved more toward funk than soul; however, they continued recording ballads as well. Williams left the band in late 1974, and was replaced as vocalist by Hubert Tubbs. Though the band remained popular, their days of chart radio airplay declined. During the late 1970s they briefly tried recording disco-sounding material. Leader Emilio Castillo said in an interview that the band's brief foray into quasi-disco was at the request of Columbia Records, who had the band under contract at the time.
On January 12, 2017, long-time drummer David Garibaldi and bassist Marc Van Wageningen were hit by a train as they walked across tracks before a performance in Oakland. They both survived the accident. According to their manager, Jeremy Westby, they were both “responsive and being treated at a local hospital”. They have both since returned to the active lineup.
The Tower of Power's horn section has appeared on a number of other artists' recordings, including Otis Redding, Aaron Neville, Aerosmith, Bonnie Raitt, David Sanborn, Elton John, Huey Lewis, Little Feat, Heart, Michelle Shocked, Paula Abdul and Santana.
Other performers that have been supported by the Tower of Power's horn section include electric slap bass guitarist Larry Graham's Graham Central Station, The Monkees, Grateful Dead, Carlos Santana, Journey, Elkie Brooks, Cat Stevens (on his Foreigner Suite), Luis Miguel, Linda Lewis, rad. (Rose Ann Dimalanta), Jermaine Jackson, John Lee Hooker, Helen Reddy, Rufus, Rod Stewart, Jefferson Starship, Mickey Hart, Heart, Damn Yankees, Frankie Valli, Spyro Gyra, KMFDM, Lyle Lovett, Poison, Phish (two songs on their album Hoist), Toto, Pharoahe Monch, Brothers Johnson, and Sam The Band, among many other acts.
- Emilio Castillo - tenor and alto saxophones, backing and occasional lead vocals
- Stephen 'Doc' Kupka - baritone saxophone, backing vocals, oboe
- David Garibaldi - drums, occasional backing vocals, percussion
- Roger Smith - keyboards, backing vocals
- Adolfo Acosta - trumpet, flugelhorn
- Tom E. Politzer - tenor saxophone
- Jerry Cortez - guitar, backing vocals
- Sal Cracchiolo - trumpet
- Marcus Scott - lead vocals
- Marc van Wageningen - bass guitar
Tower of Power still tours extensively today, although there have been many changes in personnel over the years. At least 60 musicians have toured or recorded with the band over their 50 year existence. These musicians include current Saturday Night Live musical director/saxophonist Lenny Pickett, David Garibaldi on drums, Francis "Rocco" Prestia on bass, organ master Chester Thompson, saxophonists Richard Elliot and Euge Groove, and guitarist Bruce Conte.
Victor Conte is Bruce Conte's cousin and he played bass guitar in the band from 1977 until 1979. Victor Conte went on to create the former nutritional supplement company Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative (BALCO) which was closed in 2003 after a sports drug scandal. Victor Conte was replaced in the band by Vito San Filippo (later of the Joe Cocker band).
Former lead vocalist Rick Stevens (real name Donald Stevenson) was sentenced to life in prison on three counts of first-degree murder relating to a botched drug deal, crimes committed after leaving the band. Stevens was paroled on July 20, 2012 after 36 years in prison. He died September 5, 2017 at age 77 after a battle with cancer.
Bruce Conte joined the band as lead guitar in 1973 and rejoined in the 1990s, and has had an on again/off again relationship with the membership in the band. In 2012 Bruce Conte announced he was battling leukemia. Veteran guitarist Jeff Tamelier (on again/off again since 1997), Mark Harper (2007 until 2009), and Jerry Cortez (2010 until now) have been the guitarist for the band.
- 1970: East Bay Grease
- 1972: Bump City
- 1973: Tower of Power - US gold
- 1974: Back to Oakland
- 1975: Urban Renewal - US #22
- 1975: In the Slot
- 1976: Ain't Nothin' Stoppin' Us Now
- 1978: We Came to Play!
- 1979: Back on the Streets
- 1986: TOP (Europe only release)
- 1987: Power (US version of TOP album)
- 1991: Monster on a Leash
- 1993: T.O.P.
- 1995: Souled Out
- 1997: Rhythm & Business
- 1999: Dinosaur Tracks (recorded 1980–1983)
- 2003: Oakland Zone
- 2009: The Great American Soulbook
- 2018: Soul Side of Town
- 1976: Live And In Living Color
- 1981: Direct (studio live)
- 1997: Direct Plus (reissue of Direct with alternate takes)
- 1999: Soul Vaccination: Live
- 2008: The East Bay Archive Volume 1 (recorded April 1973 at K-K-K-Katy's, Boston, MA)
- 2011: 40th Anniversary: The Fillmore Auditorium, San Francisco
- 2013: Hipper Than Hip: Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow (Live On The Air & In The Studio 1974)
- 1974: Funkland
- 1999: What is Hip? The Tower of Power Anthology
- 2001: The Very Best of Tower of Power: The Warner Years
- 2002: Soul With a Capital "S" - The Best of Tower of Power
- 2003: Havin' Fun
- 2003: What is Hip and Other Hits
|1971||"Back On The Streets Again"||–||–||–||East Bay Grease|
|1972||"You're Still A Young Man"||29||24||30||Bump City|
|"Down to the Nightclub"||66||–||–|
|1973||"So Very Hard to Go"||17||11||36||Tower of Power|
|"This Time It's Real"||65||27||–|
|1974||"What Is Hip?"||91||39||–|
|"Time Will Tell"||69||27||–||Back to Oakland|
|"Don't Change Horses (In The Middle Of A Stream)"||26||22||59|
|"Only So Much Oil In The Ground"||–||85||–||Urban Renewal|
|1975||"Willing To Learn"||–||77||–|
|"You're So Wonderful, So Marvelous"||–||57||–||In the Slot|
|"Treat Me Like Your Man"||–||–||–|
|1976||"You Ought to Be Havin' Fun"||68||62||–||Ain't Nothin' Stoppin' Us Now|
|"Ain't Nothin' Stoppin' Us Now"||–||95||–|
|1978||"Lovin' You Is Gonna See Me Thru"||–||98||–||We Came to Play!|
|"We Came to Play"||–||–||–|
|1979||"Rock Baby"||–||61||–||Back on the Streets|
|"In Due Time"||–||–||–|
Videos and DVDsEdit
- 1986: Credit (The band's only music video, to date)
- 2003: Tower of Power in Concert (1998, Live at Ohne Filter, after return of Garibaldi)
- 2007: Live from Leverkusen (2005 November Show)
- 2011: 40th Anniversary (Live)
Note: Over the years, there also have been many television performances of Tower of Power aired though not released for sale. One worthy of mention took place in 1991, also part of the German TV live performance series Ohne Filter, Musik Pur, which included Tom Bowes (lead vocals) and the other then-current members. In 2011, Time Life released their November 10, 1973 Soul Train performance of "What is Hip?" on the CD The Best of Soul Train Live.
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