Tower of God
Tower of God (Korean: 신의 탑; RR: Sin-ui Tap) is a South Korean webtoon written and drawn by Lee Jong-hui (Korean: 이종휘), also known by the pen-name SIU (Slave. In. Utero). It was published in 2010 as the first story in the "Talse Uzer" universe. It is released for free on Naver and Line Webtoon. As of February 2020, Tower of God has collected 4.5 billion views worldwide.
|Tower of God|
Cover of Tower of God volume 1 featuring Twenty-Fifth Bam
|Genre||Action, dark fantasy|
|Author||Lee Jong-hui / SIU|
|Magazine||LINE Webtoon (United States, Taiwan, Indonesia, Spain, France)
LINE Manga (Japan)Dongman Manhwa (China)
|Original run||June 30, 2010 – Ongoing|
|Tower of God|
(Kami no Tō)
|Genre||Action, dark fantasy|
|Anime television series|
|Directed by||Takashi Sano|
|Produced by||Joseph Chou|
|Written by||Erika Yoshida|
|Music by||Kevin Penkin|
|Studio||Telecom Animation Film|
|Original network||Tokyo MX, BS11, GYT, GTV|
|Original run||April 2, 2020 – present|
Tower of God has been translated officially into 8 languages by Naver, and to 20 other languages by way of fan translations on the official platform. The webtoon received an anime television series adaptation by Telecom Animation Film, airing from April 2, 2020 on Japanese television, Naver Series On and Crunchyroll simultaneously.
Author Lee Jong-hui majored in visual arts education on a university level before being conscripted into the South Korean military. By the advice of a senior in the army, Jong-hui started drawing cartoons. During this period, Jong-hui drew "ten books" worth of practice cartoons, which formed the backbone of the Tower of God comic he later started to create for the Internet. Jong-hui already has major events and characters planned out, sometimes more than 8 years in advance, and often shares additional information on the Tower of God universe on his blogpost, after each chapter is published.
Tower of God was one of the first webtoons to receive official translations by Line Webtoon in 2014 (four years after the series began), and all unofficial fan translations have since been terminated. The English fan translations had different transliterations of the names of the characters, such as Androssi Zahard (fan translation) being transliterated to Endorsi Jahad (Line Webtoon). The story and characters remain the same.
Tower of God centers around a boy called Twenty-Fifth Bam, who has spent most of his life trapped beneath a vast and mysterious Tower, with only his close friend, Rachel, to keep him company. When Rachel enters the Tower, Bam manages to open the door into it as well, and faces challenges at each floor of this tower as he tries to find his closest companion.
As the story progresses, the reader gradually explores the lore, history, and motivations of important characters and factions that drive or try to change the fate of the tower, for more than 10,000 years. Mysteries are gradually unveiled and added, as the readers learn about the struggles and triumphs of the inhabitants of the tower.
In the manhwa, "The Tower" is a mysterious structure that is completely enclosed and hosts many unique environments. It is permeated by an element called "Shinsu", which has strange properties similar to magic in other comic universes. It is inhabited by many different intelligent species. Living on the top floors is associated with a higher status in the Tower and better living conditions. This is a result of ascension from one floor to the next being only allowed by passing increasingly difficult tests of strength, dexterity and wit. Those former Regulars who reach the top of the Tower are known as Rankers, and are generally much more powerful than others. Rankers are often put to work administering the lower floors. At the top of the Tower sit the "10 Great Families", which form the governing body of the Tower. A figure known as King Jahad is the chief leader of this body.
Each floor is composed of three layers: an external Outer Tower which serves as the residential area, an Inner Tower where people are tested, and a Middle Area, which acts as a network linking each floor. Residents of each floor are given the chance to ascend, provided that they are deemed "worthy" of doing so by Headon, the First Floor's Guardian and caretaker of the Tower. Such people are referred to as "Chosen Regulars" in Tower of God. The Tower is sealed from the vast, unknown "Outside" by portentous, impenetrable doors. On rare occasions, extraordinary people are able to open the doors and enter the Tower. Such people are called "Irregulars" in the webtoon, and protagonist Twenty-Fifth Bam is one of them.
According to the author, each floor is the size of the North American continent. Each floor often has its own culture, language and governance systems, and it is not uncommon to have nations living in isolation and unaware of the existence of the tower.
Only Irregulars are exempt from the contract Jahad struck with the Tower Guardians that made him immortal. Thus, only an Irregular can kill Jahad. This fact drives much of the plot in Tower of God.
Shinsu (Hangul: 신수, RR: Shin-soo), roughly translated as "Divine Water", is a substance found within the Tower in varying concentrations on each floor. On the lower floors, Shinsu is diffuse and inconspicuous, similar to air. However, on higher floors, Shinsu increases in power and concentration, and is said to be viscous and flowing similarly to water. High Shinsu resistance is required to enter these floors. Residents in the tower must form a contract with the "administrator" of the respective floors in order to manipulate Shinsu. However, individual known as "Irregulars" seem to be an exception to this case, with one (Enryu) who even managed to kill a seemingly immortal administrator of a floor.
Shinsu can be manipulated to enhance physical abilities, powerful weapons, and even manipulate the elements. Bang (Korean-방) is the number of discrete units of Shinsu control. The more Bangs someone handle, the better the ability to control shinsu. The size of the units is called Myeon (Korean-면), and the concentration is called Soo (Korean-수). Though used with varying degrees of explicitness and even conscious awareness, its use seems to be inextricable from combat within the Tower. Shinsu reinforcement (Korean-신수강화-shinsooganghwa) is a technique used to strengthen the body, and is commonly used by Regulars. Those who are strong with Shinsu have their aging slowed to the point where they become effectively immortal. It is unclear to what extent aging is slowed simply by living in the tower without training to use Shinsu.
Shinsu does not have a fixed flow, but there is a temporary flow. Using this flow to attack is called flow control. Expert wave controllers could destroy a village with this. Reverse flow control is used to strike back in the direction of the flow and to stop the opponent. Sometimes they are used simultaneously, attacking with flow control and protecting the body with reverse flow control. Flow control is a favored technique of Twenty-Fifth Bam, the main character.
Most battles in the tower is done in teams. Each person in a team plays a certain role in battle, which are referred to as positions. There are five basic positions: fisherman(Korean-낚시꾼-nacssiggoon), spear-bearer(Korean-창지기-changjigi), light-bearer(Korean-등대지기-deungdaejigi), scout(Korean-탐색꾼-tamsecggoon), and wave-controller(Korean-파도잡이-padojabi). There are other positions, such as guide, but they are rare.
- Twenty-Fifth Bam/Jue Viole Grace
- Voiced by: Taichi Ichikawa
- Twenty-Fifth Bam (Korean: 스물다섯번째 밤; RR: Seumul-daseot-banjjae Bam; literal translation: Twenty-fifth Night) is the protagonist of Tower of God. Bam is the latest Irregular to enter the Tower, but because of his young age and naiveté, his abilities don't resemble those that previous Irregulars are known for. In the story, Bam enters The Tower in search of his best friend Rachel, the only person who visited him and cared for him in the years of isolation that he spent in a cave underneath the Tower. After entering the Tower, he is told that all the answers that he seeks will be answered if he climbs the tower, though he is immediately presented with a seemingly impossible and deadly test. Bam succeeds, and is allowed to move onto the second floor, where all would-be Regulars start their ascension. Throughout the webtoon, Bam makes several friends among the candidates, and together they pass the many tests of the floor.
- Bam returns in Tower of God: Part 2 - The Return of the Prince, which takes place six years after the original story, using the alias Jue Viole Grace (Korean: 쥬 비올레 그레이스; RR: Ju Violet Grace). In this story, Bam is under the control of the infamous anti-Jahad group FUG, forced to cooperate to keep his old teammates safe. But then, not long after, his old teammates, including Khun, found out that he was alive, and was Ju Viole Grace. They set out a plan to free Bam from FUG, which takes place in the Workshop Battle, and it was successful. After that, Bam and his teammates goes through a series of adventures on the Hell Express.
- Bam returns again in Tower of God:Part 3, taking place a few years after the Battle of the Last Stop. Ha Jin Sung, Bam's teacher in FUG, was caught by Kallavan, who is in control of a unit in Jahad's army. To rescue Ha Jin Sung, Bam needs help from the King of the Dogs, Baylord Yama, a FUG slayer, and him and his teammates set out on another adventure in the Cage, where the Dogs live.
- Voiced by: Saori Hayami
- Rachel (Korean: 라헬; RR: Rahel) was Bam's best friend until she entered the Tower and became a regular (but that was only what Bam thought which is proved in the later half of the webtoon). She desires to see the stars in the night sky at the top of the Tower and is determined to reach it by all means. This wish comes from her fear of the darkness of the night. Later in the webtoon, she is wounded and pretends to be heavily crippled, at which point Bam declares that he will "be her legs" and help her continue climb the Tower. In a later test, she decides to betray Bam and attempts to kill him. She convinces his friends that Bam died protecting her and profits from the pity of the group that wants to continue the task Bam had started: carrying her to the top of the tower, then after six years Bam finds out Rachel is part of FUG. She then goes with Khun Aguero Agnes and climbs the tower. She and two new teammates in their new team decide to betray the group. They kill one and injure another one from their team then run away. She soon meets Bam again, only to push him away yet again. She meets a woman named Yura Ha on the train and they quickly become friends. She promises to show Yura the stars in return for helping her. She decides to help a former FUG slayer named ‘White’ to use him for her own purposes.
- Khun Aguero Agnes
- Voiced by: Nobuhiko Okamoto
- Khun Aguero Agnes (Korean: 쿤 아게로 아그니스; RR: Kun Agero Ageuneseu) is from one of the 10 Noble families that first climbed the tower, and the son of High Ranker Khun Eduan. He meets Bam in the first test of the second floor, and deems him interesting enough to accompany and aids him while they climb the tower. He and Rak quickly become Bam's closest friends. He is usually in the Lightbearer position, but he has been shown to be capable of basic close combat as well when the situation calls for it. Khun is named after the Argentinian soccer player Sergio "Kun" Agüero.
- Rak Wraithraiser
- Voiced by: Kenta Miyake
- Rak Wraithraiser (Korean: 라크 레크레이셔; RR: Rahk Rekraisher) is a large, powerful, and very confident spear bearer. He unwillingly teamed up with Twenty-Fifth Bam and Khun Aguero Agnis early in the story, and he quickly became attached to them during the following tests. Due to his reptile-like features, he is sometimes referred to as "Alligator" or "Gator" and even "Crocodile". Rak refers to his friends and people he meets as "turtles" of different colours and features (ex: black turtle, blue turtle, crazy turtle); the term by which he also earnestly addresses his "prey". Rak is able to change his size so that he is smaller and convenient to walk around because he is a Compression Lisensor which gives him the ability to shrink his size at will so he can move around the Tower more easily. On the hidden floor in an encounter with the data of Khun Eduan(the head of the Khun family) Rak learns that he has the power to control rocks/stone and might be a part of/a descendant of a native species in the tower until the king of the tower hunted them all down and killed them.
- Ja Wangnan
- Ja Wangnan (Korean: 자 왕난; RR: Ja Wangnan) is another primary protagonist introduced at the beginning of part II, which initially focuses on him before spreading attention to the other main cast again. On the 20th floor Wagnan is initially selfish and willing to resort to trickery to pass the test to the 21st Floor, as he has been stuck on the 20th floor failing the same floor advancement test repeatedly ever since arriving on the 20th floor which results in him falling into financial debt with loan sharks; but later in his last chance test he starts to display his inner caring side and is shown to be sympathetic and forgiving to people who similarly used trickery against others to survive. His goal is to become the King of the Tower. He is blond haired, has red protrusions on the back of his head, and has a red ring with the symbol of Zahard (also known as Jahad in other translations) inscribed on it, a ring that Karaka, a FUG slayer wears. He has not displayed any special abilities with shinsu or martial arts, but was able to survive a fatal pierce through his heart in the Workshop battle when Beta tried to stop him from summoning Baam later showing a full recovery, which garnered suspicion and interest from the few people who took notice of this. He is also referred to as Prince of the Red Light district. Wangnan wishes his horns would grow. "Wangnan Jah" read backwards in Korean means "I am the prince."
- Hwa Ryun
- Hwa Ryun (화련, Hwaryeon; or "Hwaryun") is Viole's Guide and also the Guide for FUG's Rankers notably Ha Jinsung. She is a member of the Red Witch species known for being Guides and currently a member of FUG. Evan Edrok briefly encountered her during the Submerged Fish Test and was shocked by seeing her, although Hwa Ryun and Evan don't actually know each other. She entered the tests on the Second Floor posed as a Regular (a job given to her by FUG) in order to better accomplish her objectives without rising any suspicion. In the crown game, she was teamed up with Yung Changsoo and Goon where she refused to ally with the other teams, instead wiping them all out until she was stopped by Androssi (Sometimes Endorsi). She then got past Androssi and attacked Rachel and as a result she was wounded in the face by Bam who somehow attacked with Shinsoo despite him not having made a contract with the manager. After the game she was assigned the Wave Controller Position.
- Viole/Bam went to meet her on the 21st Floor, at a karaoke box which was being extorted for money by a Viole impersonator. Hwa Ryun provoked the Viole impersonator, having fun with the situation. Viole easily took care of them. After the Flower of Zygaena test, Hwa Ryun easily manipulated Yihwa into helping Viole by saying that an elite would attempt to correct her family's wrongs. Wangnan later approached her for guidance, knowing that she was a Guide. He realised that she told him that Viole was an Irregular because he would be able to reconnect Viole to his friends. Hwa Ryun made a remark that implied that his motives could be altruistic or selfish, calling him the "Prince of the Red Light District". She told him that if he wanted to reunite Viole with his friends, they must climb to the 30th Floor and participate in the Workshop Battle.
- Before the Workshop Battle, Hwa Ryun traded places with Yuto to become part of FUG's team. When Viole was taken in the Thorn chamber, she guided his friends to summon him and save him from being molten. She helped her side of FUG, by using the other side of FUG's plans against them, so that Viole acquired the Thorn. Unfortunately, Hwa Ryun was taken hostage by Reflejo and used in his fight with Viole. Using the White Heavenly Mirror Koon saved her. After the events of the Workshop Battle, she was seen sitting in a room. She had pre-emptively known that Baam would ask her for her help, which Koon noticed. After Koon agreed to the deal, she offered her help and told them of the Hell Express on the 35th Floor.
- SIU wrote that she was the most beautiful woman of the Season 1 Regulars. He further stated that this was a foreshadowing, the importance of which has yet to be revealed. Her name means "inferno wheel" when translated from Korean to English. It could also mean "lotus flower".
- White was the 10th of eleven slayers in FUG. He belongs in the Arie family, one of the ‘10 great families’. His body has been lost, and only his name and souls remain. He is good at using swords, and has white hair, just like all the other members of the Arie family. His height varies depending on the size of his power. He often competes with Jue Viole Grace, the new slayer candidate of FUG. White has been interested in spells or dangerous magic since ancient times, especially those that needed human sacrifice. Because of that, people in the tower feared him. The cruelest spell he could use was used at a hidden place in the tower. He caused war between two countries, and cheated them so that they would pray for his help. Many people died for him, and he ate the souls of these people, which made him stronger. This spell supposedly killed more than one billion people. Finally, a ‘princess of Jahad’ suppressed him and he lost almost all of his power. After that, he went into the hell train to regain his lost power. He manipulated people in the train to kill each other. One of the people in the train, Roen, made sacrifices to stop White, and he has been sealed for 600 years.
- Actually, White is the aggregate of five sons and daughters of the Arie family. They used a spell to combine their souls and became stronger. The central personality of the five was Hoaqin’s. However, the spell needed them to keep eating the souls of others. As a result, White has eaten souls since they used the spell. In the hell train, people who wanted to revive White; FUG, the conductor of the hell train; Pedro, and party of Rachel’s, clashed with Jue Viole Grace, and had a life-and-death confrontation. When this match was over, the conductor's plan, to kill the party of Jue Viole Grace, was thwarted by Ha-Yuri Jahad. She suppressed the conductor and the hell train. This made the match unclear. and White was able to escape from the hell train. The five clones of White are;
- Arie Vicente
- Arie Anna
- Arie David
- Arie Albelda
- Arie Hoaqin
- The last clone of White is made from the souls killed by White and Arie Albelda.
- Urek Mazino
- He is an irregular, currently the fourth in rank. He is the strongest active Ranker and also the fastest one to climb the tower via ‘normal methods’. As the strongest currently active Ranker, as an irregular, and as one of the founders of the Wolhaiksong, Urek Mazino is one of the most influential people inside the tower. His nickname is Ray Barracuda. Ray refers to his combat style, in which he fires Shinsu at the speed of light. Barracuda is the name of the most aggressive fish in the tower.
- Urek is a tall, and handsome man. He has white hair, and fiery red eyes.On his back, a tattoo of a tree with 7 pairs of wings (the symbol of Wolhaiksong). He is a ruthless person, and is respected by men. However, he is disliked by every woman he meets. Ha-Yuri-Jahad said: “He is the best man to fight with, but the worse man to live with.” The most famous quote of Urek is: “What fun would it be to become the king of the tower? Tell Jahad to keep his boring seat. I will get out of the Tower. Outside the Tower, there exists a vast world, rolling skies stretch endlessly, and countless stars illuminate the darkness. A place that is a thousand times—no, a billion times wider and freer than the tower. Once you imagine that such a world exists, don’t you think all those things you want are all so trivial?”
- Although his main position is fisherman, he excels in every other position better than almost all of the rankers. He beats everyone in agility, strength, Shinsu control, etc. After entering the tower, he passed all of the tests faster than any other ranker.
- He is mentioned in the 84th episode of the second season. He is shortly mentioned in the 240th episode of the second season when Garam Jahad was thinking of the past. He has red hair and is very handsome. He is currently the second in rank.
- Jahad built a temple for his followers to worship him on the 43rd floor of the tower. One day, Enryu appeared, turning the Shinsu red, and said,” “Only those who believe in the false king will remain here and face death.” Many people fled, but some remained and even fought Enryu. Enryu eliminated every remaining people on the floor. The administrator and ruler of the 43rd floor was furious and fought with him, but even he could not fight with Enryu; he was killed. Enryu is the only one in the tower who was able to kill an administrator.
- Endorsi Jahad
- Voiced by: Rie Suegara
- When Endorsi was little, she had no family and wandered around. One day, an elderly couple took her in and took care of her, until a snake came up to Endorsi, telling her she had the potential to be a princess. The snake transformed into a jewel, which she took home. Later that night, the snake killed her adoptive parents, fearing they would get in the way of her becoming a princess. The snake stayed with Endorsi until she became of princess, and it would come back as Endorsi's "sworn enemy" in the Hidden Floor. She was later adopted by a great family, who adopted girls with exceptional talent in hopes of one becoming a princess. Every day at dinner, the girls would sit in order of who did the best that day, with people at the front getting an extravagant meal and girls at the back getting only stale bread. When Endorsi first got there, she was the smallest and weakest, and ate cold bread for months.
- One day, she had the luck to beat an older girl, so she got her first meal at the table. At the time, it was the best thing she had ever tasted. So Endorsi wondered how good the food must be at the front of the table. It is then heavily hinted that she killed all the other girls so she would get all the food at the table. Endorsi was then selected to become a princess of Jahad, and began climbing the tower as a regular. She became very popular and famous for being beautiful but savage and is also known as the girl you want to go out with the most. At the floor of the test, she met all the friends she would climb the tower with, including Bam, who she soon developed a crush on.
- Aanak Jahad
- Voiced by: Akira Sekine
- Was a princess of Jahad who "walked out of the display case" and had a daughter. She is later killed by a royal assassination, but her daughter escaped. Her daughter would later take her name when she became a regular. Former owner of the Green April.
- Ha Jinsung
- Ha jinsung(jinsund ha) is the mentor of Bam. He trains Bam when he is trained by the fug to become Jue Viole Grace(which is Bam itself but a slayer candidate) he is one of the top rankers and a prominent member of fug. He has experienced very bad things which led him to join fug. Bam is his favourite student and he cares for him a lot. The ongoing episodes are revolving around Bam trying to save jinsung ha which shows that Bam cares deeply for his master.
In 2013, Naver released a mobile role-playing game on Google Play based on Tower of God, developed by Sunrise. The game drew in 120 million players shortly after its initial release. The Tower of God role-playing game's development continued for two years after its initial release, and the game saw a full commercial release in 2016. In February 2016, the game ranked in the top 5 most popular games on South Korea's version of Google Play. In the game, a player can choose one of the characters from the webtoon; each represents a unique character class.
Naver sells a variety of Tower of God merchandise, such as figurines. During the commercial release of the Tower of God role-playing game, Naver released limited edition items worth ₩30,000 South Korean Won.
An anime television series adaptation of the webtoon series was initially announced at Seoul Comic-Con in August 2019, the series titled Kami no Tō -Tower of God- (神之塔 -Tower of God-) began airing in April 2020 simultaneously in Japan, South Korea, and the United States. The series is produced by Telecom Animation Film, with Aniplex subsidiary Rialto Entertainment responsible for Japanese production, and Sola Entertainment providing production management. The anime series premiered on April 2, 2020 on Japanese television and Crunchyroll as a co-production under its "Crunchyroll Originals" title.[a] The series is directed by Takashi Sano with Hirokazu Hanai as assistant director, Erika Yoshida is in charge of series composition, Masashi Kudo and Miho Tanino are the series' character designers and Kevin Penkin is composing the music. Korean band Stray Kids performs the opening theme song "TOP", and ending theme song "SLUMP", in Japanese and Korean for the respective language dubs.
|No.||Title ||Original air date |
|1||"BALL"||April 2, 2020[a]|
On the original Korean platform, Tower of God is the most profitable series based on the paid preview system, where readers can buy up to 3 chapters in advance. It has been consistently topping the popularity rankings since its publication in 2010, with one of the chapters received over 1 million 8 thousand comments.[better source needed]
- The episode has a listed air time of April 1, 2020 24:30 JST, which is April 2, 2020 00:30.
- "Crunchyroll Reveals First Slate of Crunchyroll Originals". Crunchyroll. February 25, 2020. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
A Crunchyroll and WEBTOON Production, based on the comic series “Tower of God” created by SIU and published by WEBTOON, this dark fantasy action series centers on the journey of a young man as he battles his way through the mysterious Tower
- Antonio-Pineda, Rafael (March 23, 2020). "Aniplus Asia Airs Tower of God, Kakushigoto, Princess Connect Anime". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
- Lim, Jiseon (2013-10-17). 0.03%의 확률…‘신의 탑’ 쌓은 ‘신의 손’ [0.03% probability, build a ‘Tower of God’ by ‘Hand of God’]. Hani.co.kr (in Korean). Frankfurt: The Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- "Korean Web Manga Tower of God Gets TV Anime in Spring 2020". Crunchyroll. March 2, 2020. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
The adventure fantasy series has collected 4.5 million views worldwide
- "Tower of God Anime Debuts as Crunchyroll Original April 1". Crunchyroll. February 25, 2020. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
- "웹툰 '신의 탑' 탄생 이유 무엇?…'시선 집중'". Herald Corp. 2015-07-06.
- "SIU Blogpost". Naver.
- "Tower of God". www.webtoons.com. Retrieved 2017-06-01.
- 인턴기자 (2016-03-14). "'월요웹툰' '신의탑' '네이버웹툰'". news.mk.co.kr.
- "모바일 게임 '신의 탑 with 네이버웹툰' 정식 서비스 시작". BizFact. 2016-02-18.
- "'신의 탑 with 네이버웹툰' 정식 서비스 시작". PlayForum. 2016-02-18.
- 이기범 (5 August 2019). 한국 웹툰은 ‘마블’이 될 수 있을까 (in Korean). Bloter. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
- Hodgkins, Crystalyn (February 25, 2020). "Crunchyroll Unveils 7 'Crunchyroll Originals' Works Including Tower of God, Noblesse, God of High School". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
- "Aniplex Subsidiary Rialto Entertainment Works on Tower of God Animated Work". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2020-02-11.
- "Crunchyroll Reveals Tower of God Anime's Video, Cast, Staff". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2020-02-29.
- Sherman, Jennifer (March 25, 2020). "Tower of God Anime's Video Reveals Stray Kids Opening Song". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
- "Hōsō Jōhō | Kami no Tō -Tower of God-" 放送情報 | 神之塔 -Tower of God-. Tokyo MX. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
- "Tower of God". Crunchyroll. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
- Gustines, George Gene (2015-07-05). "Stan Lee and Michelle Phan Help Line Webtoon, Digital Comics Site, Expand in U.S." The New York Times.
- "Tower of God, Season 2 Ch 20".