Tovuz District

Tovuz District (Azerbaijani: Tovuz rayonu) is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the north-west of the country and belongs to the Ganja-Qazakh Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Gadabay, Shamkir, Samukh, Agstafa, as well as the Tavush Province of Armenia and Kakheti region of Georgia. Its capital and largest city is Tovuz. As of 2020, the district had a population of 177,200.[2] A major train line runs through the center, stopping at Tovuz Station.

Tovuz District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Tovuz District
Map of Azerbaijan showing Tovuz District
Country Azerbaijan
RegionGanja-Qazakh
Established8 August 1930
CapitalTovuz
Settlements[1]104
Area
 • Total1,940 km2 (750 sq mi)
Population
 • Total177,200
 • Density91/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Postal code
6000
Websitetovuz-ih.gov.az

In July 2020, Tovuz became the main site for the clashes with Armenia.[3]

GeographyEdit

Tovuz covers 412 km². The rayon is mountainous in the south, where it is crossed by the Lesser Caucasus mountains.[4]

The region includes rich deposits of ores and precious metals, notably gold.[5]

The region is located in the north-west of the Republic, bordering Georgia to the north, Armenia to the west, Gadabay to the south and south-west, Shamkir to the east, Samukh from north-east to the north.[6]

The southern part of the district is located in the lowlands, the northern part lies in low mountainous and foothill zone, where positive and negative relief forms are shifted. There are three climate areas in the district:[6]

1. Dry subtropical climate. Characterized by soft summers and hot springs.
2. Mild hot dry climate. This is a climate up to place less than 1000 meters high. The winter is mild and the spring is warmer.
3. Mild cold, forest climate. This climatic hill covers the area from 1,000 to 2,000 meters. The spring is cool, and the winter is a bit frosty.

The river network:[6]

  • the Kur River in the north
  • the Tovuz River in the central part
  • the Akhunca River,
  • the Asrik River,
  • the Zayam River in the eastern part and its small arms,

The Kur River divides the region into two parts. The left coast is used as the main pasture for cattle breeding. The right bank of the river is used for agriculture, occupies the forest fund of the region and the meadow grassland. The annual rainfall is 40–70 mm.[6]

VillagesEdit

There about 20 main villages in the district. They are Quşçu, Öysüzlü, Ayıblı, Alakol, Yuxarı Öysüzlü, Abulbəyli, Düz Qırıqlı, Düz Cırdaxan, Yanıqlı, Qəribli, Azaplı, Bozalqanlı, Dönük Qırıqlı, İbrahimhacılı, Dondar Quşçu, Kirən, Əlibəyli villages and Qovlar settlement. Qovlar settlement is more populated area among them.[7]

PopulationEdit

According to the statistics urbanization is low in the district. 26968 people live in the city and 130907 people live in the village. According to census of 2019, Tovuz has over 175.5 thousand people, out of which 1531 are war veterans.

Over 25536 are students and currently are in process of education.[8]

According to census of 2012 quantity of people from different nations were divided in this way:[9]

Tovuz District 157875
Azerbaijanis 157599
Turkish 157
Russians 76
Talysh 6
Таtars 4
Armenians  4
Other nations 21

Cultural centersEdit

In Tovuz district, there are 4 museums, 13 cultural centers, 6 libraries and a Photo Gallery.[1]. Museums include Heydar Aliyev Center, History and Local Lore Museum, Ozan Ashug Museum and State Symbols Museum.[10][11]

EconomyEdit

The region is dominated by agriculture. Wine, fruit, vegetables and grain crops are all produced along with cattle.[4]

Stock raising is one of the main revenue source of this region:[9]

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
The number of cattle 38280 39993 40813 41558 41741 42275
Number of cows and buffalos 16185 16987 17330 17416 17420 17587
Number of sheep and goat 183429 192050 193543 195542 195749 196362
Birds 340033 347605 375607 385025 409252
Pigs 200 210 215 - - -
horses 659 664 724 804 774
Donkeys 3049 3051 3052 2986 2795
Meat(tons) 23424 24852 25532 25839 27350 28225
Eggs 14628 14970 15140 15310 15840 16015
Wool production(tons) 295 331 340 344 351 358

There are 24 entities which operate in industrial and agricultural sphere:[9]

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Bread 1844 1626 1840 2156 2686
Building sand(,000 tons) 5 6.7 7.8 13.4 5.9
Flour(tons) 1536 1504 1306 888 483
Wheat bran(tons) 497.6 349.4 190.7 148.7 131.6
Wheat groats(tons) 72.5 32.9 31.0 15.0 100
Wine(,000 dal) 17.1 26.2 17.0 13.7 25.3
Fruit alcohol(,000 dal) 63.0 36.3 - - -
Cognac, thousand dal 6.7 36.4 11.1 10.3 9.1
Refined sugar,tons 140.0 155.7 70.0 28.0 --
Asphalt, bituminous mixtures. 0.4 -- 1.4 -- --

Where the sown areas for agricultural plants are:[9]

Year 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Tovuz District 27 182 26 868 26 927 26 827 22 659 21 839

2020 Tovuz clashesEdit

According to Azerbaijani MOD, in the afternoon of July 12, Armenian Armed Forces started to fire on Azerbaijani State Border Service positions in Tovuz region using artillery mounds.[12] Thus, clashes between the Armenian Armed Forces and Azerbaijani Armed Forces broke out on July 12.The skirmishes resumed on 13 July and are ongoing with varying intensity, having resulted in at least 16 military and one civilian casualties. Among Azerbaijani military casualties were one major general (Polad Hashimov), one colonel (Ilgar Mirzayev) and two majors (Anar Novruzov and Namig Ahmadov).[13] However, the fighting has decreased, the situation in the region is still considered as volatile.[14]

Notable nativesEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "İnzibati-ərazi vahidləri" (PDF). preslib.az. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Population of Azerbaijan". stat.gov.az. State Statistics Committee. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  3. ^ Harutyunyan, Sargis; Danielyan, Emil. "Armenia-Azerbaijan Border 'Calm' After Deadly Clashes". azatutyun.am. RFE/RL. Archived from the original on 5 August 2020. Retrieved 5 August 2020. ...the border between Armenia’s northern Tavush province and the Tovuz district in Azerbaijan, the scene of the clashes.
  4. ^ a b Azerbaijan Development Gateway concerning both the District and the town Archived November 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ azerb.com concerning both the District and the town (in German)
  6. ^ a b c d "Coğrafi mövqeyi - TOVUZ RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". tovuz-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  7. ^ Samadov (www.anarsamadov.net), Anar. "Azərbaycanın regionları". Azərbaycan Respublikasının Dövlət Statistika Komitəsi (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2019-06-29.
  8. ^ "Əhalisi - TOVUZ RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". tovuz-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  9. ^ a b c d "Динамика местных тенденций изменения климата, природных катастроф и анализ экологических, социально-экономических последствий в трансграничном целевом ареале реки Кура" (PDF). 2012.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Ilham Aliyev opened Museum of History and Local Lore in Tovuz district". Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  11. ^ "Ilham Aliyev inaugurated State Symbols Museum in Tovuz". Official web-site of President of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  12. ^ "The units of the armed forces of Armenia committed a provocation in the Tovuz direction of the front". mod.gov.az. Retrieved 2020-08-02.
  13. ^ "Fierce fighting in the direction of Tovuz region is continuing". 2020-07-14. Archived from the original on 2020-07-14. Retrieved 2020-08-02.
  14. ^ Stronski, Paul. "Behind the Flare-Up Along Armenia-Azerbaijan Border". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 2020-08-02.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 40°59′32″N 45°37′44″E / 40.9922°N 45.6289°E / 40.9922; 45.6289