|Tour du coin
|Part of wall of Philippe Auguste
|Paris in France
|1531 (partially), 1719 (totally)
The Tour du Coin of the wall of Philippe-Auguste edit
This is one of the four main towers of the wall that protected the city against attacks from the river Seine. It stood at the corner of the downstream side of the river (i.e. the west side of the wall) on the right bank, opposite to the Tour de Nesle on the left bank, approximately at the current location of the Pont des Arts. At night, they put chains on ships installed in the middle of the river connecting the two towers to prevent incursions from the river, creating a boom defence.
These four towers were 25 meters high and 10 m in diameter. The tour du coin look like the tour de Nesle, which is best known. Like on this one, there was, a cylindrical narrow tower used for the external staircase and higher than the top deck of the tower.
At that time, the Château du Louvre stood outside the enclosure, strengthening it on the North-West side in direction of Normandy at that time occupied by the English.
Later developments edit
The wall of Charles V was built on the right bank from 1356 to 1383 outside the walls of Philippe Auguste. It enclosed the Louvre Castle.
On the new wall, a new westernmost tower, the Tour du Bois (fr) (Tower of the wood) was built. However, the "tour du coin" was kept. A wall was built as a "return" between the Tour du Bois and the tour du coin along the River. The tour du coin remained necessary to prevent incursions of boats with the chains drawn through the river up to the Tour de Nesle on the left bank.
- "Topographie historique du vieux Paris". Paris Impr. nationale. 1885.