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Jean-Louis Clarr at the 1982 event with a Lancia 037

Tour de France Automobile was a sports car race held on roads around France regularly –mostly annually– between 1899 and 1986.

The first edition was held in 1899 at speeds of 30 mph (50 km/h). The first event was won by René de Knyff driving a Panhard et Levassor. Organized by Le Matin, under the control of the Automobile Club de France, held July 16 to 24, in seven stages: Paris-Nancy; Nancy-Aix-les-Bains; Aix-les-Bains-Vichy; Vichy-Périgueux; Périgueux-Nantes; Nantes-Cabourg; Cabourg-Paris. Out of 49 starters, 21 vehicles finished.[1] The 1908 event was won by Clément-Bayard.[2]

The competition is reborn in 1951, thanks to Automobile Club de Nice and the event was won by Pagnibon-Barracquet in a 2.6-litre Ferrari.[3] The event visited La Turbie Hill Climb, near Nice. In 1954 the event was won by the 2.5 litre Gordini of Jacques Pollet and M. Gauthier, running on the traditional Nice to Nice route.[4] The 1956 event was won by de Portago/Nelson in a Ferrari 250 2.9 with Moss/Houel (Mercedes 300 SL) in second place.[5]

The 1960 Tour de France took place between September 15 and 23 that year. Starting at Nice it visited Mont Ventoux, Nurburgring, Spa, Montlhéry, Rouen and Le Mans with the finish at Clermont Ferrand. The event was won overall by the Ferrari 250 G.T. of Willy Mairesse/Georges Berger. The Jaguar 3.8 litre Mk. II of Bernard Consten/J. Renel won the Touring category with the BMW 700 coupé of Metternich/Hohenlohe winning the Index of Performance.[6]

The 1964 event was won by Lucien Bianchi/Georges Berger in a Ferrari GTO, entered by Ecurie Nationale Belge.[7] The event started at Lille, visiting Reims, Rouen, Le Mans, Clermont-Ferrand, Monza and Pau. The Touring car category was won by Peter Procter/Andrew Cowan in a Ford Mustang,[8] entered by Alan Mann Racing.[9] The A.C. Shelby Cobras of Maurice Trintignant, Bob Bondurant and André Simon all retired.

The 1980s saw the event incorporated into the European Rally Championship which saw an influx of new competitors. The last event was held in 1986. Also known as Tour Auto, it was revived in 1992 for historic cars, with both a competition and a regularity class. The format is a 5-day event combining about 2,500 km of roads, 4 or 5 circuit races and 6 to 8 hillclimbs. Patrick Peter of Agence Peter is the organiser. The start of the International event with some 300 entrants is in Paris; the finish alternates between various cities like Cannes, St. Tropez and Biarritz. The winning cars over the years (since 1996 only pre '66 cars can win overall, even though cars up to 1974 are allowed): Ford Shelby Mustang 350GT, Ford GT40, AC Cobra 289, Lotus Elan, Ferrari Daytona Gr IV.

Contents

Winners 1951–1986Edit

Year Driver(s) Co-driver Vehicle
1951   Pierre Pagnibon   Alfred Barraquet Ferrari 212 Export
1952   Marc Gignoux   Mme Gignoux DB 750
1953   Jacques Péron - Sport   R. Bertramnier Osca MT4
  Paul Condrillier - Touring car   Daniel Renault 4CV 1062
1954   Jacques Pollet   Hubert Gauthier Gordini T15S
1956   Alfonso de Portago   Edmont Nelson Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta
1957   Olivier Gendebien - GT Category   Lucien Bianchi Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta
  Jean Hébert - Touring car   Marcel Lauga Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint Veloce
1958   Olivier Gendebien - GT Category   Lucien Bianchi Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta
  Jean Hébert - Touring car   Bernard Consten Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint Veloce
1959   Olivier Gendebien - GT Category   Lucien Bianchi Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta 'Interim'
  Hermano da Silva Ramos - Touring car   Jean Estager Jaguar Mark 1
1960   Willy Mairesse - GT Category   Georges Berger Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta SWB
  Bernard Consten - Touring car   Jack Renel Jaguar Mark 2
1961   Willy Mairesse - GT Category   Georges Berger Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta SWB
  Bernard Consten - Touring car   Jack Renel Jaguar Mark 2
1962   André Simon - GT Category   Maurice Dupeyron Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta SWB
  Bernard Consten - Touring car   Jack Renel Jaguar Mark 2
1963   Jean Guichet - GT Category   José Behra Ferrari 250 GTO
  Bernard Consten - Touring car   Jack Renel Jaguar Mark 2
1964   Lucien Bianchi - GT Category   Georges Berger Ferrari 250 GTO
  Peter Procter - Touring car   Andrew Cowan Ford Mustang
1969   Gérard Larrousse   Maurice Gélin Porsche 911 R
1970   Jean-Pierre Beltoise
  Patrick Depailler
  Jean Todt Matra 650 [10]
1971   Gérard Larrousse   Johnny Rives Matra 650
1972   Jean-Claude Andruet   Michèle Espinosi-Petit Ferrari 365 GTB4
1973   Sandro Munari   Mario Mannucci Lancia Stratos HF
1974   Gérard Larrousse
  Jean-Pierre Nicolas
  Johnny Rives Ligier JS2
1975   Bernard Darniche   Alain Mahé Lancia Stratos HF
1976   Jacques Henry   Bernard-Etienne Grobot Porsche Carrera
1977   Bernard Darniche   Alain Mahé Lancia Stratos HF
1978   Michèle Mouton   Françoise Conconi Fiat 131 Abarth
1979   Bernard Darniche   Alain Mahé Lancia Stratos HF
1980   Bernard Darniche   Alain Mahé Lancia Stratos HF
1981   Jean-Claude Andruet   Chantal Bouchetal Ferrari 308 GTB
1982   Jean-Claude Andruet   Michèle Espinosi-Petit Ferrari 308 GTB
1983   Guy Fréquelin   Jean-François Fauchille Opel Manta 400
1984   Jean Ragnotti   Pierre Thimonier Renault 5 Turbo
1985   Jean Ragnotti   Pierre Thimonier Renault 5 Maxi Turbo
1986   François Chatriot   Michel Périn Renault 5 Maxi Turbo

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ International Motor Cyclopaedia, Year Book-March 1908 to March 1909, Pages 114–115, Publisher: E.E. Schwarzkopf, New York.
  2. ^ Hydro Retro, Clement-Bayard, pdf (French) Clément-Bayard, sans peur et sans reproche par Gérard Hartmann
  3. ^ The Motor Year Book 1952, Temple Press, Page 196.
  4. ^ The Autocar, September 17, 1954, Pages 401–402; The Autocar, September 24, 1954, Pages 426–427; Motor Sport, October 1954, Pages 557–558.
  5. ^ The Motor Year Book 1957, Temple Press, Page 197.
  6. ^ Motor Sport, August 1960, Page 627; Motor Sport, November 1960, Page 904.
  7. ^ Motor Sport, November 1964, Pages 949, 956.
  8. ^ Motor Sport, November 1964, Page 948.
  9. ^ For a road test of the Ford Mustang, DPK5B, which Bo Ljungfeldt drove in this event see: Motor Sport, December 1964, Pages 1013–1014.
  10. ^ Motor, October 3, 1970, Page 70.

External linksEdit