Touch and Go Records
Touch and Go Records is an American independent record label based in Chicago, Illinois. After its genesis as a handmade fanzine in 1979, it grew into one of the key record labels in the American 1980s underground and alternative rock scenes. Touch & Go carved out a reputation for releasing adventurous noise rock by the likes of the Butthole Surfers, Big Black, and The Jesus Lizard. Along with other independent American labels such as Twin/Tone, SST Records, and Dischord, Touch & Go helped to spearhead the nationwide network of underground bands that formed the pre-Nirvana indie rock scene. These labels presided over the shift from the hardcore punk that then dominated the American underground scene to the more diverse styles of alternative rock that were emerging.
|Touch and Go Records|
|Founder||Tesco Vee, Dave Stimson, Corey Rusk|
|Distributor(s)||ADA, Carrot Top, Electric Fetus, Revolver USA, FAB, De Konkurrent, AEC, PIAS, Love Da Records, Inertia|
|Genre||Punk, indie, alternative, experimental|
|Country of origin||U.S.|
The zine was formed in 1979 in East Lansing, Michigan as Touch and Go magazine, a self-printed fanzine written and produced by Tesco Vee and Dave Stimson. It wasn't until 1981 that it grew into an independent record label. Vee (later front man of The Meatmen) was bored with the punk sounds of the day, and captivated by the emerging hardcore movement in America. Inspired, he put out records by the Necros, The Fix, the Meatmen, and Negative Approach. In 1981, Necros bassist Corey Rusk joined with Tesco to run the label. In 1983, Tesco handed Touch and Go over to Rusk and his wife Lisa when he left Michigan for Washington, D.C. With the label under their ownership, the Rusks hired Terry Tolkin who signed the Butthole Surfers and Virgin Prunes to the label, and also produced the "Gods Favorite Dog" compilation. Soon the Rusks relocated the label to Chicago, and Touch and Go released material in the mid-'80s to mid-'90s by bands such as the Butthole Surfers, who no longer have their catalog on the label (see below), Big Black, the Jesus Lizard, Scratch Acid, the Didjits, and Killdozer, and continued into the new millennium with artists on its roster including Shellac, Yeah Yeah Yeahs, TV on the Radio (the latter two are no longer on the label), Arcwelder, CocoRosie, Ted Leo and the Pharmacists, and the Black Heart Procession. Lisa Rusk left the label after she and Corey were divorced. Corey Rusk continues to run the label.
Similarly to some other alternative music labels, such as Factory Records in the UK and punk label Dischord Records in the US, Touch and Go pursued a relaxed approach to recording contracts, characterized by handshake deals providing for a 50–50 split of profits between artist and label after promotion and production costs. In this way, the label built a respected catalog of influential punk, and alternative artists. However, following a 1999 legal dispute with the Butthole Surfers (see below), Touch and Go began asking bands to sign a 1-2 page memorandum of intent.
In 2006, Touch and Go celebrated its 25th anniversary. To commemorate this occasion, the label held a three-day block party event at Chicago's Hideout venue on September 8–10, 2006. Several seminal bands, including Big Black, Scratch Acid, the Didjits, Killdozer, Negative Approach, and Man or Astro-man? reunited and performed at the event.
On February 18, 2009, Corey Rusk announced that Touch and Go would drastically downsize itself. He cited the "current state of the economy" as the reason for shutting down manufacturing and distribution services for many independent labels like Jade Tree, Kill Rock Stars, and Merge Records.
A 576-page book, Touch and Go: The Complete Hardcore Punk Zine '79–'83, compiling all issues of the Touch and Go fanzine was released June 30, 2010 by Bazillion Points.
Their approach to contracts was challenged in a court case started in 1999 by the Butthole Surfers, who purported that Touch and Go was not marketing its catalog effectively. The band argued that because its contract with T&G was of an unspecified duration, the contract could be terminated. Touch and Go argued that according to existing US copyright law, it controlled the copyright to the band's recordings for a minimum of 35 years, based on sec. 203 of the Copyright Act of 1976.
The US Court of Appeals Seventh Circuit ruled in favor of the band, determining that "when a contract is silent as to its length, it is implicit that it can be terminated by either side," and that "allowing terminations under Illinois law does not conflict with sec. 203, but rather is, in fact, in keeping with the intent of sec. 203."
- All the Saints
- Angry Red Planet
- Bedhead (reissued back catalog)
- Big Black
- The Black Heart Procession
- Blonde Redhead
- Brick Layer Cake
- Butthole Surfers
- Cargo Cult
- Cash Audio
- Chrome (reissued back catalog)
- Crystal Antlers
- Daddy Longhead
- The Delta 72
- Die Kreuzen
- Dirty Three
- Don Caballero
- The Effigies
- The Ex
- The Fix
- The For Carnation
- Girls Against Boys
- Hose ("God's Favorite Dog" compilation)
- The Jesus Lizard
- Laughing Hyenas
- Lee Harvey Oswald Band
- Man or Astro-man?
- Naked Raygun (reissued back catalog)
- Negative Approach
- The New Year
- New Wet Kojak
- Nina Nastasia
- Nirvana (split single with The Jesus Lizard)
- No Trend
- P. W. Long
- Red Stars Theory
- The Rollins Band
- Scratch Acid
- Shannon Wright
- Skull Kontrol
- The Standard
- Storm & Stress
- Ted Leo and the Pharmacists
- Three Mile Pilot
- Sally Timms
- TV on the Radio
- Urge Overkill
- Violent Apathy
- Virgin Prunes
- Yeah Yeah Yeahs
- Dolan, Jon (January 2005), "The Revival of Indie Rock", Spin, p. 53, retrieved 19 April 2015
- Reynolds, Simon (2006). Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978-1984. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-1-1012-0105-3.
- Josh Goldfein, "Touch and Go v. The Buttholes," Archived 2004-08-03 at the Wayback Machine Chicago Reader, April 16, 1999.
- "Theater Loop - Chicago Theater News & Reviews - Chicago Tribune". leisureblogs.chicagotribune.com.
- "TOUCH AND GO: The Complete Hardcore Punk Zine '79–'83, by Tesco Vee and Dave Stimson, Edited by Steve Miller » Bazillion Points Books". www.bazillionpoints.com. Archived from the original on 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2014-04-02.
- U.S. Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit, 172 F.3d 481. Paul L. Walthal, Gibson J. Haynes, and Jeffrey S. Coffey v. Corey Rusk d/b/a Touch and Go Records. Argued Dec. 7, 1998, decided March 26, 1999. Retrieved from Justia.com on Oct. 4, 2008. Also see the 3/26/99 Chicago Reader article (earlier note and External links) for case summary and background.
- Official website
- Interview with Corey Rusk (Sept. 5, 2006), Pitchfork Media
- Greg Kot, "The man who survived the music wars"[permanent dead link], Chicago Tribune, August 20, 2006. Retrieved August 23, 2006.
- Chicago Reader article (April 16, 1999) and follow-up article[permanent dead link] (November 5, 1999) documenting the legal battle between Touch and Go and the Butthole Surfers
- The US Court of Appeals Seventh Circuit decision of the case between Touch and Go and the Butthole Surfers