Toshio Kurosawa

Toshio Kurosawa (黒沢 俊夫, Kurosawa Toshio, June 10, 1914[1] – June 23, 1947[2]) was a Japanese baseball outfielder who played eight seasons in the Japanese Baseball League from 1936 to 1947. His career was cut short due to typhoid fever, from which he died at age 33.[2] Kurosawa's number 4 was retired by his last club, the Yomiuri Giants, the same year, and was among the first to be retired in all of Japanese baseball.[2]

Kurosawa Toshio
黒沢 俊夫
Born: (1914-06-10)June 10, 1914
Osaka Prefecture, Japan
Died: June 23, 1947(1947-06-23) (aged 33)
Batted: Left
Threw: Left
Japanese Baseball League debut
1936, for the Nagoya Kinko
Last Japanese Baseball League appearance
1947, for the Yomiuri Giants
Career hitting statistics
Batting average.259
Home runs7
Runs batted in201


Amateur (High school and college)Edit

Born in Osaka Prefecture, Kurosawa played for Osaka Prefectural Yao High School. He appeared in the Spring and Summer Koshien high school baseball tournaments a total of 5 times.[3]

After matriculating to Kansai University, Kurosawa became a leading figure in the University club's golden era, batting fourth in the lineup. There he played alongside future Japanese Hall of Fame pitcher Yukio Nishimura.[4] Kurosawa was named outfielder in 1933 while on a club trip to Hawaii.[5]

Nagoya Kinko / NishitetsuEdit

Kurosawa debuted with Nagoya Kinko in 1936, in the inaugural season of the Japanese Baseball League.[2] By the spring season tournament he became a regular in the outfield. In 1937, while batting .295 in the spring season (third in the league) and .279 in the fall season (12th), Kurosawa was active on defense and on the basepaths, recording 32 steals for the year.[5]

In the offseason, he took leave from his club for military service and missed the next 2 seasons, returning in 1940. The next year, Nagyoa Kinko merged with the Tokyo Senators to form the Taiyō Baseball Club, and Kurosawa joined the combined team.[6] After the 1941 season, he again left baseball for the military, this time only for one year. Kurosawa returned to the field in 1943 for the newly renamed Nishitetsu Baseball Club. That year, while batting only .190 he drove in 32 runs to finish 3rd in the league.

Tokyo Kyojin / Yomiuri GiantsEdit

In 1944, Nishitetsu disbanded as a result of worsening finances and a shortage of players due to the draft during World War II. As a result, Kurosawa was transferred to the Tokyo Kyojin along with other players including Sadao Kondo. In the shortened season that year (35 games), Kurosawa hit for a career-high .348 batting average (2nd in the league) at leadoff, playing a key supporting role while many Kyojin regulars were on active duty. Notable for his speed,[6] Kurosawa stole home 10 times, for 2nd all-time in Japanese baseball history,[6] and shares the record for having 2 steals of home in a single game (set on May 20 against Kinki Nippon at Nishinomiya Stadium.

When the league returned to play after the war in 1946, Kurosawa hit cleanup in a lineup that included Giants legends Tetsuharu Kawakami and Shigeru Chiba.[5] He recorded 60 RBIs and was one of the few .300 hitters on the team that season (.308, 8th in the league). He appeared for the East team in the East-West Competition (a precursor to the All-Star Game), and in Game 5 he hit a bases-clearing walk-off triple in the bottom of the 12th inning.[5]

Illness and deathEdit

In the middle of the 1947 season, Kurosawa contracted typhoid fever,[5] and soon after he was admitted to The University of Tokyo Hospital he died on June 23 at the age of 33.[6] Kurosawa had steadfastly continued to play through his worsening condition, and it is said that his commitment to the team ultimately cost him his life.[7] The club held a rare team funeral for Kurosawa.


The Giants retired Kurosawa's uniform number 4 soon after his death. Led by Shigeru Chiba, his former teammates proposed the honor, recognizing his achievements playing for the club during the challenging wartime era as well as honoring his untimely passing, and his number was retired alongside Eiji Sawamura. Kurosawa wished, "When I die, I want you to bury me in my uniform," and ultimately he was.[6]

Player characteristicsEdit

By the time he joined the Kyojin, Kurosawa's power had declined, but he was known for his ability to hit to all fields and for his clutch hitting.[4][5]


  1. ^ "Kurosawa Toshio" 黒沢 俊夫. Nippon Professional Baseball (in Japanese). Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d 巨人・黒沢俊夫の急死から日本に欠番が生まれた【1947年6月23日】 [The retired number was born in Japan from the sudden death of the Giants' Kurosawa Toshio (June 23, 1947)]. Shūkan Bēsubūru 週刊ベースブール [Weekly Baseball] (in Japanese). Japan. June 17, 2017. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  3. ^ プロ野球人名辞典 [Professional Baseball Player Reference] (in Japanese). 日外アソシエーツ. May 1, 1999. p. 175. ISBN 978-4816915437.
  4. ^ a b 千葉, 茂 (January 1984). 巨人軍の男たち [The Men of the Kyojin-gun] (in Japanese). 東京スポーツ新聞社. p. 94. ISBN 978-4808400651.
  5. ^ a b c d e f 日本プロ野球 歴代名選手名鑑 [Japanese Professional Baseball Past Player Directory] (in Japanese). 恒文社; 新版. January 1983. p. 259. ISBN 978-4770405364.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Unknown title". Shūkan Bēsubūru 週刊ベースブール [Weekly Baseball]. Japan. July 16, 2012. p. 79.
  7. ^ 巨人の永久欠番「4」の物語「最後は巨人のユニホームを着せてほしい」 [The story behind Giants retired number 4: "I want to be in my Giants uniform when I die"]. Sankei News (in Japanese). Sankei News. May 5, 2016. Retrieved October 27, 2019.

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