Tornillo (/tɔːrˈnj/ tor-NEE-yoh) is a border town in El Paso County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,568 at the 2010 census.[3] For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined this unincorporated community as a census-designated place (CDP). It is part of the El Paso Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Tornillo and Guadalupe, Chihuahua, area is connected by the Tornillo–Guadalupe International Bridge.

Tornillo, Texas
Tornillo is located in Texas
Tornillo
Tornillo
Location of Tornillo, Texas
Tornillo is located in the United States
Tornillo
Tornillo
Tornillo (the United States)
Coordinates: 31°26′22″N 106°5′44″W / 31.43944°N 106.09556°W / 31.43944; -106.09556
Country United States
State Texas
CountyEl Paso
Area
 • Total3.4 sq mi (8.9 km2)
 • Land3.4 sq mi (8.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
3,586 ft (1,093 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,432
 • Density420/sq mi (160/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
79838 & 79853
Area code915
FIPS code48-73376[1]
GNIS feature ID1370023[2]

The town is the home of Sonic Ranch, the world's largest residential recording complex. In June 2018, the US government opened a tent city detention camp for migrant children at the Marcelino Serna Port of Entry on the Mexican border in Tornillo. By January 11, 2019, the last migrant child had been moved out of the camp en route to, or placed with, vetted sponsors.[4] The ZIP Codes encompassing the CDP area are 79838 and 79853.[5]

Geography

edit

A

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), all land.

The city is located on State Highway 20 and the Southern Pacific Railroad.[6]

Climate

edit

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tornillo has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[7] Temperatures reach an average high of 96 °F and average low of 62 °F in June, and an average high of 59 °F and average low of 28 °F in December. The annual average rainfall is 9.25 inches.[8]

Climate data for Tornillo, Texas (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
88
(31)
95
(35)
98
(37)
104
(40)
111
(44)
107
(42)
106
(41)
103
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
79
(26)
111
(44)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 61.1
(16.2)
67.1
(19.5)
74.9
(23.8)
82.5
(28.1)
90.7
(32.6)
97.7
(36.5)
95.4
(35.2)
93.8
(34.3)
88.7
(31.5)
80.9
(27.2)
69.6
(20.9)
60.1
(15.6)
80.2
(26.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 44.9
(7.2)
50.1
(10.1)
57.2
(14.0)
64.5
(18.1)
72.2
(22.3)
80.1
(26.7)
81.1
(27.3)
79.9
(26.6)
73.9
(23.3)
64.2
(17.9)
52.4
(11.3)
44.3
(6.8)
63.7
(17.6)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 28.8
(−1.8)
33.1
(0.6)
39.5
(4.2)
46.5
(8.1)
53.6
(12.0)
62.6
(17.0)
66.8
(19.3)
65.9
(18.8)
59.0
(15.0)
47.5
(8.6)
35.2
(1.8)
28.5
(−1.9)
47.3
(8.5)
Record low °F (°C) 4
(−16)
−1
(−18)
13
(−11)
27
(−3)
35
(2)
44
(7)
53
(12)
49
(9)
41
(5)
21
(−6)
15
(−9)
−2
(−19)
−2
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.36
(9.1)
0.37
(9.4)
0.25
(6.4)
0.23
(5.8)
0.50
(13)
0.65
(17)
1.68
(43)
1.45
(37)
1.12
(28)
0.77
(20)
0.36
(9.1)
0.54
(14)
8.28
(210)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.4
(1.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.3
(0.76)
0.7
(1.8)
1.7
(4.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.0 3.1 1.9 1.4 2.4 3.4 6.7 6.3 4.5 3.7 2.1 3.1 41.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.5
Source: NOAA[9][10]

Demographics

edit

2020 census

edit
Tornillo racial composition[11]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 30 2.09%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 4 0.28%
Hispanic or Latino 1,398 97.63%
Total 1,432

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,432 people, 337 households, and 281 families residing in the CDP.

2000 census

edit

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,609 people, 394 households, and 366 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 470.4 inhabitants per square mile (181.6/km2). There were 437 housing units at an average density of 127.8 per square mile (49.3/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.2% White, 0.56% Native American, 1.58% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino were 99.13% of the population.

There were 394 households, out of which 67.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.1% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 6.9% were non-families. 6.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.08 and the average family size was 4.27.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 44.0% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 11.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $19,514, and the median income for a family was $20,329. Males had a median income of $16,955 versus $15,761 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $5,778. About 36.6% of families and 36.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.4% of those under age 18 and 40.2% of those age 65 or over.

Celebrity former residents include Pro Jockey Willie Shoemaker and Los Angeles radio personality Jamey Karr.

Education

edit

Almost all of Tornillo is served by the Tornillo Independent School District. A small portion lies within the Fabens Independent School District.[14]

History

edit

Tornillo was first platted in 1909 by a group of businessmen from El Paso, Texas who had formed the Tornillo Townsite Company.[6] The first post office in the town opened the same year.[6] Tornillo became the first agricultural area to be approved as part of the Rio Grande Irrigation Project after 1916.[6] Cotton became the main crop in the region, however, by 1970, pecans were also a major agricultural crop in the area.[6]

References

edit
  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Tornillo CDP, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2013.
  4. ^ Madlin Mekelburg, El Paso Times (12 January 2019) No migrant children remain at Tornillo tent shelter as it heads toward closure, official says
  5. ^ Zip Codes for Tornillo, El Paso County, Texas. Retrieved 2013-12-27.
  6. ^ a b c d e Segulia, Frances (June 15, 2010). "Tornillo, TX". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Society. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Tornillo, Texas
  8. ^ Climate Tornillo - Texas and Weather Averages Tornillo
  9. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 19, 2023.
  10. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 19, 2023.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
  12. ^ https://www.census.gov/ [not specific enough to verify]
  13. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  14. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: El Paso County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2022.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[12][13]