Tommaso Mocenigo

Tommaso Mocenigo (1343–1423) was doge (chief magistrate) of the Republic of Venice from 1414 until his death.

Tommaso Mocenigo
Ponti, Carlo (ca. 1823-1893) - Tommaso Mocenigo (doge 1413-1423).jpg
Doge of Venice
In office
1414–1423
Preceded byMichele Steno
Succeeded byFrancesco Foscari
Personal details
Born1343
Venice, Republic of Venice
Died4 April 1423
Venice, Republic of Venice
Coat of arms of Tommaso Mocenigo
The tomb of Tommaso Mocenigo in the church of San Giovanni e Paolo

BiographyEdit

He commanded the crusading fleet in the expedition to Nicopolis in 1396 and also won battles against the Genoese during the War of Chioggia of 1378–1381.

While he was Venetian ambassador at Cremona, he was elected doge (1414), and he escaped in secret, fearing that he might be held a prisoner by Gabrino Fondolo, tyrant of that city. He made peace with the Turkish sultan, but, when hostilities broke out afresh, his fleet defeated that of the Turks at the Battle of Gallipoli.

During his reign, the patriarch of Aquileia Louis of Teck formed an anti-Venetian alliance with Emperor Sigismund. Venice, under a double-sided attack, was able to launch an offensive that, in 1419-1420, conquered Udine, Cividale, Feltre, Belluno and most of Friuli from the Aquileian patriarchate. The Cadore also surrendered spontaneously. The ensuing treaty led to a peace with Hungary and the annexation of the patriarchate's lands to the Republic of Venice.

Mocenigo greatly encouraged commerce, reconstructed the ducal palace and commenced the library. He died after a long illness in 1423. He was interred in the Basilica di San Giovanni e Paolo, a traditional burial place of the doges.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Mocenigo". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 637.
Political offices
Preceded by
Michele Steno
Doge of Venice
1413–1423
Succeeded by
Francesco Foscari