TomTom N.V. is a Dutch multinational developer and creator of location technology and consumer electronics. Founded in 1991 and headquartered in Amsterdam, TomTom released its first generation of satellite navigation devices to market in 2004. As of 2019 the company has over 4,500 employees worldwide and operations in 29 countries throughout Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Americas.[1]

TomTom N.V.
FormerlyPalmtop B.V. (until 2003)
TypeNaamloze Vennootschap
EuronextTOM2
IndustryConsumer electronics, navigation technology
Founded1991; 30 years ago (1991)
FounderHarold Goddijn
Corinne Vigreux
Peter-Frans Pauwels
Pieter Geelen
HeadquartersDe Ruijterkade, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Key people
Harold Goddijn (CEO), Corinne Vigreux (CMO and co-founder), Taco Titulaer (CFO), Derk Haank (chairman of the supervisory board), Alain De Taeye (management board)
Productsdevices, digital map, software and services
RevenueDecrease 701 million (2019)
Decrease € 56 million (2018)
Decrease € 45 million (2018)
Total assetsDecrease € 1.5 billion (2018)
Total equityIncrease € 774 million (2018)
Number of employees
4,500 (end of 2019)
Websitewww.tomtom.com
Footnotes / references
[1]

HistoryEdit

The company was founded in Amsterdam in 1991 as Palmtop Software, by Corinne Vigreux, Peter-Frans Pauwels and Pieter Geelen.[2][3] The company focused on corporate handheld device software before focusing on the consumer market and releasing the first route planning software for mobile devices in 1996. Software was developed mainly for Psion devices and the company was one of the largest developers of Psion software in the late 1990s. Palmtop also worked with Psion in the development of EPOC32.[4] Software was also developed for Palm and Windows CE devices.[5]

In 1999, Vigreux's husband, Harold Goddijn left Psion Netherlands, for which TomTom made software and where Vigreux was previously sales director, to join TomTom. He had previously invested in TomTom.[6] In 2001, the company's brand name changed to TomTom,[7][8] while its legal name was also changed by 2003.

On 27 May 2005, TomTom listed on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange, valuing the company at nearly €50 million.[9]

In September 2005 TomTom acquired Datafactory AG, a telematics service provider based in Leipzig.[10] Datafactory AG employed around 30 people and realized a turnover of approximately €5 million in 2004 and a small net profit.[11]

In January 2006, TomTom acquired the UK company Applied Generics, forming TomTom Traffic.[12]

In 2008, TomTom acquired Tele Atlas, a digital map maker, for €2.9 billion.[13]

In 2010, they produced an advert saying You are not stuck in traffic. You are traffic.[14] A photograph of this was widely circulated on the internet. It became a meme, often with different images and sometimes reworded slightly. [15]

On 11 June 2012, at an event for Apple's iOS 6 preview, TomTom was announced as the main mapping data provider for Apple's revamped iOS 6 "Maps" app, replacing Google Maps.[16][17]

In 2014, TomTom partnered with Volkswagen Group for joint research on Highly Automated Driving (HAD) systems.[18]

TomTom signed deals to provide their navigation devices to several carmakers including Volkswagen Group, Daimler, Toyota and others.[19]

In late 2015, TomTom extended its deal with Apple and signed a new contract with Uber, in which Uber driver app uses TomTom maps and traffic data in 300 cities worldwide.[20] In May 2018, TomTom launched new portable navigation device the TomTom Go Camper to cater the requirements of caravan and motorhome users.[21]

In January 2018 the company faced criticism for announcing that it would no longer be providing map updates for some devices. It also said that "lifetime" meant the "useful life" of a device.[22]

In 2020 the company signed a deal with Chinese Huawei to use the maps in Huawei's smartphones to replace the Google Maps.[23]

Product historyEdit

Until 1996, TomTom developed business-to-business applications such as meter reading and bar-code reading for handheld devices, such as Palm Pilot, Compaq iPaq and Psion Series 5.[24] Subsequently, the company moved its focus to PDA software for the consumer market.[25] Early mapping software included EnRoute, Citymaps and Routeplanner.[26]

By 2001, they released the first car satellite navigation software, the TomTom Navigator, shifting the company's focus to GPS car navigation.[27] In 2004 a built-in subscription-based traffic update service was added.[28]

The first all-in-one device personal navigation device, the TomTom Go was released in March 2004, creating a new consumer electronics category.[29][30] TomTom reports it has sold about 250,000 units of TomTom Go and this product represented 60% of the company's revenue for 2004.[31] As of 2016, the company had sold nearly 80 million navigation devices worldwide.[29]

In 2005, the ability to download new voices was introduced.[32] The ruggedized, water-resistant Rider navigation device was released for motorcycle users in 2006. The Rider was the first portable satellite navigation device designed for motorcycles and scooters.[33]

Text-to-speech for road names was first introduced in 2006, along with hands-free calling and traffic support. TomTom Home, software for managing and downloading content for TomTom on a PC, was first released at this time.[34]

TomTom partnered with Vodafone in 2007 to create a high definition traffic service, designed to deliver real-time traffic data to Vodafone users through their devices.[35][36]

New features introduced in 2008 included IQ Routes, which estimated journey times based on average recorded speeds, rather than speed limits, and "Advanced Lane Guidance", an on-screen representation of the correct lane to take.[37]

In the autumn of 2008 devices were introduced with built-in GSM SIM cards, for connected features including HD Traffic, Google Local Search, real-time speed camera updates, and the facility to search for the cheapest fuel on route.[38][39]

In 2013 TomTom entered the GPS sports watch market with the launch of the TomTom Runner and TomTom Multi-Sport GPS.[40] TomTom extended its range of GPS sports watches with the launch of the Runner Cardio GPS in 2014 with a built-in heart rate monitor.[41]

In 2015, TomTom entered a new product category with the launch of its new action camera, the Bandit. It had a built-in media server, enabling users to share footage in a matter of minutes.[42]

TomTom launched a new sports watch in 2016, the TomTom Spark, which in addition to GPS and a heart-rate monitor, included music on the wrist and a 24/7 activity tracker.[43]

In 2018, TomTom became the primary supplier of data for Apple's map app.[44][45]

TomTom Group business structureEdit

TomTom's business model targets two major market segments: location technology and consumer.[46]

Location TechnologyEdit

Location technology comprises the company's automotive and enterprise businesses, providing maps and navigation software as components of customer applications.[46]

The firm's automotive segment sells location technology components to carmakers. TomTom's navigation software is integrated into vehicles to provide current map data, online routing, and guidance and search information, allowing for vehicle features like destination prediction, traffic expectations, or charging points location and availability for electric vehicles.[47][48]

TomTom's enterprise segment sells its location technologies to tech. companies, government bodies, and traffic management entities.[47]

ConsumerEdit

The consumer segment of TomTom's business sells portable, personal satellite navigation devices,[47] once its core profit center. Usage of standalone GPS devices has since declined,[49] despite the brand's efforts to contrast features to those of smartphone integrated alternatives.[50] Recently, the company has transitioned its consumer business away from devices to offer software applications instead with digital maplinked services.[47][51] This shift in focus is due partially to declining profitability as consumers utilize GPS alternatives with integrated navigation apps, and also to the anticipated rise in autonomous vehicle usage.[49]

Products and servicesEdit

TomTom as a company offers three types of products in different shapes and forms: maps, connected services and (navigation) software. TomTom Navigation devices (PNDs) and TomTom GO navigation apps are sold directly or indirectly to end-consumers. In-dashboard systems are released for the automotive market. The navigation devices and portable devices with installed software are referred to as units.[52]

TomTom partners with several car manufacturers and offers built-in navigation devices.

Product Car manufacturer
Uconnect Fiat
Blue&Me TomTom Fiat, Alfa Romeo, Lancia
Renault R-Link Renault
Carminat TomTom Renault
Lexus CT MoveOn Navi Lexus
Mazda Navigation System Mazda
Toyota Touch 2 with Go Toyota
Online Traffic Service Volkswagen
Peugeot i-Cockpit PSA
Connect 3D Nav FCA
Gen3,4,5 & 6 Subaru
Gen 2 Mercury

NavigationEdit

 
A TomTom One in use
 
TomTom Navigator 7 running on a HTC TyTN II (Windows Mobile)
 
TomTom Navigator running on a Nokia N95 (Symbian)
 
TomTom Self Driving Test Vehicle

TomTom units provide a flying interface with an oblique bird's-eye view of the road, as well as a direct-overhead map view. They use a GPS receiver to show the precise location and provide visual and spoken directions on how to drive to the specified destination. Some TomTom systems also integrate with mobile phones using Bluetooth, traffic congestion maps or to actually take calls and read SMS messages aloud.

Navigation devicesEdit

TomTom's all-in-one GPS navigation devices come with a touch screen, speaker, USB port, internal Lithium ion battery. Most models have Bluetooth transceivers that allow connection to a smartphone, allows the device to be used as a speakerphone to make and receive handsfree calls.

  • TomTom Go, Via and Start – general purpose navigation devices.
  • TomTom Camper & Caravan / RV – these models have a map that is supplied with height and width restrictions, which allows vehicle size and weight data to be entered for the route planning.
  • TomTom Truck – designed for professional truck drivers and include truck-specific software and maps.
  • TomTom Rider – Portable water-resistant models for motorcycle and motorscooter users. They differ from other devices in that the Rider is partly shielded and has a 'glove-friendly' screen and GUI.
  • TomTom One and One XL – The TomTom One is the base model for automobile navigation. The difference between the TomTom One XL and the TomTom One is the size of the touch screen (4.3 vs 3.5 in or 110 vs 89 mm). Neither model of the One contains the added functions included in the Go models, such as Bluetooth hands-free calling and MP3 Jukebox. However, the One is able to receive traffic and weather updates using the TomTom Plus service when paired via Bluetooth with a mobile phone with a DUN data service. The reduced software capability means less demand on the hardware, which allows the One to be sold at a significantly lower price than the Go. The XL is also available as a Live version with integrated Live Services.

Navigation softwareEdit

  • TomTom Navigator – a GPS navigation software product for personal digital assistants (PDAs), Palm devices, Pocket PCs, and some smartphones. TomTom Navigator 6 replaced the earlier TomTom Mobile 5.2. It can use GPS receivers built into the device or external (e.g., Bluetooth-connected) receivers. Navigator 7 was the latest release of this software, released as a part of the software that came with the June 2008 HTC Touch Diamond. Frequently used functions can be added to the main screen of the program, and users can report map corrections and share them with other users. Navigator supports touch screens; devices without touch screens use a cursor to input data. The software is available on SD card and DVD. It runs on a number of devices listed on the TomTom website, but will run successfully on many unlisted devices using the Windows Mobile operating system, discontinued in 2010. The DVD version includes a DVD, printed 15-character product code, Quick Start Guide, Licensing Agreement, a poster with a picture diagram for setup procedure of DVD version and SD card version, and an advertisement for associated TomTom Plus services. The DVD contains installation software for TomTom Home, software for mobile devices, licenses, manuals, maps, and voices. The software for mobile devices includes CAB files for Palm, PPC, Symbian, and UIQ3.
  • TomTom for iOS – GPS navigation software product for iOS devices, originally announced for the iPhone at the Apple WWDC Keynote speech in early June 2009, and released internationally on 15 August 2009 in the Apple App Store, with various map packs for different regions.[53] TomTom Vice President of Marketing Development gave information in an interview by Macworld in July 2009.[54] Currently the app works with iPhone (all models), the iPod Touch (all models) and the iPad (all models), however Apple dropped the support for the early models and latest versions of the TomTom iOS app might have issues on certain devices. There are two separate TomTom car kits available for certain Apple devices.[55][56][57] The current maps available in each countries' app stores varies according to language availability of the app itself, the country of the app store, and thus differing region group map packs are available. Turkey and Greece were not included in the larger Europe map pack; this is related to the AppStore's app size limitation of 2 GB. These maps are available separately. Iceland is not available in any map package sold by TomTom at the moment, but they are working on it (and a few other countries too). Also most likely there will be a new iOS app available, based on the NavKit, which might cure the issue with the size limit (also Apple increased the app size limit to 4 GB).
  • TomTom Go Mobile, GPS navigation software for the Android operating system. It replaced the old app, which had similar features to the iOS app. In March 2015, TomTom announced the new TomTom Go Mobile app for Android with a freemium subscription model for maps with the first 50 miles/75 kilometres per month being free, including all the maps that are available, TomTom Traffic and Speed Cameras. The previous app, which had promised "free lifetime updates", is not available for purchase on Play Store anymore and its maps are not updated since October 2015. TomTom claims their definition of lifetime map updates is "the period of time that TomTom continues to support the app with updates". Previous customers of TomTom's Android navigation app are offered a discount on the subscription in the new app for three years. There is no provision for users who want to keep using the old app under the conditions it was sold with lifetime map updates.
  • TomTom Speed Cameras, a mobile software application released in 2015 free of charge.[58]

Navigation software for several mobile phones was discontinued after release 5.2; Navigator, which does not support all the phones that Mobile did, is the nearest equivalent. Mobile 5.2 cannot use maps later than v6.60 build 1223; this and earlier program versions are not compatible with all map versions, particularly other builds of version 6.

In September 2012, Apple collaborated with TomTom to provide mapping data for its revamped iOS 6 updated Apple Maps app.[59] The partnership was in part due to Apple's decision to wean itself off the products of its competitor, Google. As of 2018 TomTom continues to provide data for Apple Maps.[60]

Support ApplicationsEdit

TomTom Home (stylized as TomTom HOME) is a 32-bit PC application that allows synchronization/updates to be sent to the mobile device. TomTom Home version 2.0 and above is implemented on the XULRunner platform. With version 2.2, TomTom Home added a content-sharing platform where users can download and upload content to personalize their device such as voices, start-up images, POI sets, etc. At the moment[when?] TomTom Home is on version 2.9.

Despite being based on the cross-platform XULRunner, TomTom Home lacks support for Linux.[61] It is, for instance, impossible to update the maps in these devices by connecting them to another machine running Linux, even when using a common web browser like Firefox that normally allowed such an update under Microsoft Windows. However, the devices can still be read in a Linux OS as a disk drive. There is even software made by the community to manage some functions of the TomTom.[62]

The NAV3 and NAV4 range of models use MyDrive Connect. MyDrive Connect is compatible with 32bit and 64bit versions of Windows XP/Vista/7/8/8.1/10 preview and with most Mac OS X versions. The internal flash memory or the memory card content of the device cannot be accessed through USB for security reasons (modified applications would easily accept a map that wasn't sold by TomTom). The device can update itself by getting files through the HTTP protocol over USB. The support app is nothing more than a proxy on the PC buffering the download. So far the security achieved using this mechanism has not been broken yet. Also, the usage of the non-FAT/FAT32 file system brought stability improvements in device operations.

Traffic servicesEdit

A traffic monitoring service that uses multiple sources to provide traffic information. The service does this by combining data from:

  • traditional sources: governmental/third-party data such as induction loops in the roads, cameras and traffic surveillance
  • new sources: traffic flow of millions of anonymous mobile phone users[63]

The information is merged by TomTom and algorithms are used to improve the data and filter out anomalous readings. The system sends updates to all TomTom Traffic users every two minutes (and the data the users receive is never older than 30 seconds). Users can receive the service through the built-in SIM, via a smartphone connection or on older devices via a standard phone connection. Re-routing can be set to be transparent to the user with the only sign that the route has been changed due to a traffic jam being a sound indication from the device and a changed ETA.

The system was first launched in the Netherlands in 2007 and expanded to the United Kingdom, France, Germany and Switzerland in 2008. By mid-2011, TomTom Live services including TomTom Traffic were available in the United States, South Africa, New Zealand and seventeen European countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. As of 2015, the service is vastly expanded and current coverage is available on the TomTom Traffic site (34 countries as of 26 June 2015 and the list expands every few months to new regions).

  • HD Traffic 6.0 (August 2012): More accurate location of traffic jams, improved coverage of automatically detected road closures
  • TomTom Traffic 7.0 (September 2013): Increased accuracy of jam location now allows for 'Jam Ahead Warnings', warning drivers when approaching a jam-tail too fast. Improved coverage of automatic road closure detection started to include also major secondary roads. Automatic road works detection on highways. TomTom also added 'Predictive Flow Feed' for better predicting approaching traffic delays, with the goal of improving optimal route calculation and ETA.
  • TomTom Traffic 8.0 (November 2014): TomTom included real-time weather information in their routing algorithms, and warns users in areas of bad weather. Also, version 8.0 now incorporates in their real-time traffic information road closures that are reported via the online Map Share Reporter tool.

ConsumerEdit

The company offers fee-based services under the name TomTom Plus (stylized TomTom PLUS), which include services to warn drivers about speed cameras, provide weather updates, change voices and provide traffic alerts. Currently, the fees are only for European countries.

Traffic data is also available to subscribers in many parts of Europe and the US via a Bluetooth-enabled cell phone with Internet service or an add-on aerial, which picks up RDS data (broadcast on FM radio frequencies) offering traffic information without the requirement for a data connection. The TomTom Plus service is not compatible with Apple's iPhone.

In October 2008 the company released Live Services on the Go 940 Live. These allowed users to receive updates over the mobile telephone network using the SIM card in the device. These services included HD Traffic, Safety Alerts, Local Search with Google and Fuel Prices.

On 12 May 2011, TomTom announced that it was offering up its real-time traffic products to "industry partners" in the United States.[64]

On the latest NAV4 devices the service is not available anymore in the old form. The included services had been separated and now being called TomTom Traffic and Speed Cameras. On the x0/x00/x000 devices the traffic service is free of charge either via the built-in SIM (Always Connected models) or via a compatible smartphone (smartphone-connected or BYOD – bring-your-own-device). The speed camera service is free for three months on these models. However, there is a newer range, the x10/x100 models, which come now with free lifetime speed camera subscription too.

Map Share is a proprietary map technology launched by TomTom in June 2007. Map Share allows users to make changes to the maps on their navigation devices and share them with others. It allows drivers to make changes to their maps directly on their navigation devices. Drivers can block or unblock streets, change the direction of traffic, edit street names and add, edit or remove points of interest (POIs). Improvements can be shared with other users through TomTom Home, TomTom's content management software.

An online version called Map Share Reporter is on the TomTom website.

IQ Routes, developed by TomTom and available since spring 2008 on the TomTom Go 730 and Go 930, uses anonymous travel time data accumulated by users of TomTom satnav devices. Newer TomTom devices use this data to take into account the time and day when determining the fastest route.[65]

Travel time data is stored in Historical Speed Profiles, one for each road segment, covering large motorways, main roads and also small local roads. Historic Speed Profiles are part of the digital map and are updated with every new map release. They give insight into real-world traffic patterns. This is a fact-based routing system based on measured travel times, compared to most other methods which use speed limits or ‘assumed’ speeds.

In September 2008, map upgrade v8.10 was released for x20 series models, extending the IQ Routes feature to those devices[66] with a free software update using TomTom Home.[67]

On the NAV3 and NAV4 models the IQ Routes feature is available by default on all map versions.

MappingEdit

TomTom worked with auto parts manufacturer Bosch, starting in 2015,[68] to develop maps for use in self-driving vehicles. Bosch defined the specifications for TomTom maps to follow as they began first road-tests on U.S. highway I-280 and Germany's A81. TomTom commented at the time on the contrast in details required in those newly developed maps compared with earlier versions, specifically including "precision to the decimeter" and other complex data required to help a self-driving car "see" key road features as it travels.[69] In 2015, TomTom was one of the only independent producers of digital maps that remained in the marketplace as they partnered with brands like Volkswagen to provide maps in the auto industry.[70][71] The company also partnered with Uber in 2015,[70] and extended the partnership further in 2020. Together the companies have worked to integrate TomTom maps and traffic data across the ridesharing app's platform. This lets Uber serve as a "trusted map editing partner",[72] making it one of the first brands to join TomTom's Map Editing Partnership (MEP) program.[73]

As part of the MEP program, users provide feedback on road conditions as they encounter them so that live maps can be updated to reflect current conditions. The program estimates 3 million edits monthly by its partners globally.[73] Apple has relied on licensed data from TomTom and others to fill in data gaps in its Maps app since launching it in 2012. In January 2020 Apple confirmed that it was no longer licensing data from TomTom and would rely on its own underlying Maps app framework going forward after a recent app update at the time.[74] As of 2019, TomTom claimed to have 800 million people using its products across physical hardware and apps using TomTom technology.[75] The same year, TomTom sold its telematics division, TomTom Telematics, to Japanese Bridgestone to prioritize business linked to its digital maps, as the brand shifted focus away from consumer devices to software services instead. In 2019, TomTom Telematics became Webfleet Solutions.[76][77] The brand leveraged its real-time driving and parking data in collaboration with Microsoft and Moovit (a public transport data platform)in 2019, as well as struck map and navigation deals with auto industry tycoons like Nissan, Fiat Chrysler, Porsche, Lamborghini, and Bentley among others.[75] Teaming up with the University of Amsterdam, the partners launched Atlas Lab, a research lab dedicated to AI development to support HD maps to be used in autonomous vehicles.[78] TomTom has also been developing High Definition (HD) maps intended for use in autonomous cars to assist with environmental data where sensors are limited.[79] The company announced in March 2019 that they would supply HD maps to "multiple top 10" auto manufacturers that would provide centimeter accuracy in representing terrain; and announced a new "map horizon" feature, allowing self-driving cars to simulate a virtual picture of the road ahead in real-time.[75] The company partnered with Volvo the same year (2019) to build its own vehicle capable of "level 5" autonomy in hopes of further improving its maps technology. The Volvo XC90 included custom sensing equipment to provide data about the vehicle's surroundings that could be referenced against TomTom's HD maps. TomTom crowdsourced camera data through its partnership with Hella Aglaia, announced in September 2019, to feed into its real-time map updates for ongoing improvement to the new HD maps technology.[77]

In early 2020, TomTom publicly announced the recent closing of a deal with Huawei Technologies where Huawei would use TomTom's maps, data, and navigation tools to develop its own apps for use in Chinese smartphones.[76][80]

TomTom has collected a range of live and historical data since 2008,[78] analysing data from a variety of sources including connected devices and its community of users.[81] Additionally, TomTom's "MoMa" vehicles (short for mobile mapping) cover over 3 billion km annually, using both radar and LiDAR cameras to capture 375 million images annually to sense road changes that are then verified and used to update its maps.[81] TomTom pairs this data with input from partnering brands to process around 2 billion map changes on average each month to keep maps current and reflective of existing road conditions.[72][78] The brand puts out an updated map database commercially on a weekly basis.[78]

ControversyEdit

In April 2011, TomTom "apologized for supplying driving data collected from customers to police to use in catching speeding motorists".[82] The company had collected data from its Dutch customers which Dutch police subsequently used to set targeted speed traps.[83] As a result of this, TomTom was investigated by the Dutch Data Protection Authority, who found that TomTom had not contravened the Dutch Data Protection Act [nl].[84]

In 2011, TomTom improved the clarity of its explanation of how it uses the data it collects from its customers.[85][86]

In May 2011, the company announced that it was planning to sell aggregated customer information to the Roads & Traffic Authority of the Australian state of New South Wales, which could also potentially be used for targeted speed enforcement.[87]

The privacy implications of this announcement were widely reported, particularly the lack of anonymity and the potential to associate the data with individuals. The company's practice of selling its user data has been criticised by Electronic Frontiers Australia. David Vaile of the University of New South Wales' Cyberspace Law and Policy Centre has called for an independent technical analysis of the company's data collection practices. TomTom navigation devices collect user data that includes point of origin, point of destination, journey times, speeds and routes taken. The Australian Privacy Foundation said it would be easy to trace the data back to individual customers, even if TomTom claimed it used only aggregated, anonymous data.[87][88]

TomTom VP of Marketing Chris Kearney insisted the information was totally anonymous. In addition to this, he said TomTom never sold the information to Dutch authorities with speed cameras in mind, although Kearney would not rule out selling the user data for similar use in Australia.[88]

Such data is being purchased from various mapping companies by governments on a fairly regular basis.[89] It is not known if governments use this data for purposes other than the placement of speed cameras, such as to improve the road network, introduce traffic lights or find accident hotspots.

CompetitionEdit

TomTom's main retail car satellite navigation competitors are MiTAC (Navman and Magellan Navigation) and Garmin.[90]

TomTom's main autonomous driving HD maps competitor is Here, which is owned by a consortium of German automotive companies including Audi, BMW, and Daimler.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "TomTom Annual Report and Accounts 2018" (PDF). TomTom NV. 2018. Archived from the original on 23 July 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  2. ^ Deighton, Katie. "Why we're here: TomTom, Booking.com and Shutterstock on being based in Amsterdam". The Drum. Archived from the original on 11 June 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  3. ^ Armistead, Louise. "TomTom, still trailblazing after a decade". www.telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 11 June 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  4. ^ "Palmtop BV : Profile". 6 December 1998. Archived from the original on 6 December 1998.
  5. ^ "Palmtop BV Homepage". 5 December 1998. Archived from the original on 5 December 1998.
  6. ^ "TomTom CEO Harold Goddijn over 25 jr ondernemen". jouwTomTom | Forum. Archived from the original on 11 June 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  7. ^ "ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2007". corporate.tomtom.com. Archived from the original on 2 October 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  8. ^ Garside, Juliette (24 November 2011). "Harold Goddijn: TomTom's founder needs his business to turn the corner". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  9. ^ Loades-Carter, Jonathan; Bickerton, Ian; Laitner, Sarah (27 May 2005). "TomTom sets IPO price at top end of range". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2020.
  10. ^ "TomTom to acquire Datafactory". Telecompaper. Telecom.paper BV. 24 August 2005. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  11. ^ "TomTom NV to acquire Datafactory AG" (PDF). TomTom NV. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  12. ^ "TomTom navigates way to a takeover of Applied Generics". The Scotsman. 13 January 2006. Archived from the original on 28 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  13. ^ ten Wolde, Harro (24 February 2009). "TomTom CEO has no regrets about Tele Atlas buy". Reuters. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  14. ^ https://www.forbes.com/sites/carltonreid/2018/12/03/you-are-not-stuck-in-traffic-you-are-traffic/?sh=52f602e583d9 Forbes
  15. ^ https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=%22You+Are+Not+Stuck+in+Traffic:+You+Are+Traffic%22&lr=&safe=images&hl=en&sxsrf=AOaemvIfUfgot9V9OPfScbyjIEUhOe-QFg:1637058820833&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi1tfer15z0AhULZMAKHdvxD5cQ_AUoAXoECAEQAw
  16. ^ Buczkowski, Aleks (7 May 2017). "Why didn't Apple want to buy either TomTom or HERE?". Geo Awesomeness. Archived from the original on 13 January 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  17. ^ Garside, Juliette (12 June 2012). "TomTom to become Apple phone default satnav program". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 27 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  18. ^ "TomTom and Volkswagen Partner to Shape the Future of Highly Automated Driving". TomTom NV. 2 October 2014. Archived from the original on 7 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  19. ^ Robinson, Duncan (12 February 2015). "TomTom signs deal to supply satnavs in Volkswagen cars". Financial Times. Brussels. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  20. ^ de Feijter, Levien; Proper, Ellen (12 November 2015). "Uber strikes digital maps deal with TomTom". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  21. ^ Nagra, Daljinder (7 May 2018). "TomTom launches new caravan sat nav model". Which? News. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  22. ^ Baraniuk, Chris (29 January 2018). "TomTom ditches map updates for some sat-navs". BBC News. Archived from the original on 16 September 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  23. ^ Meijer, Bart (17 January 2020). "TomTom closes deal with Huawei for use of maps and services: spokesman". Reuters. Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 28 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  24. ^ Arthur, Charles (21 July 2015). "Navigating decline: what happened to TomTom?". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 August 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  25. ^ "You need to believe. Interview with Corinne Vigreux, Co-Founder, TomTom". European Institute of Innovation and Technology. 8 June 2015. Archived from the original on 26 June 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  26. ^ "Best TomTom GPS 2020 – Buyers Guide (Updated March 2020)". Which Navigator. 1 March 2020. Archived from the original on 8 August 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  27. ^ Hill, Charles W. L.; Jones, Gareth R. (2012). Strategic Management: An Integrated Approach. Cengage Learning. p. C182. ISBN 978-1-111-82584-3. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  28. ^ Burrows, Dave. "TomTom Navigator 3 Review". Archived from the original on 15 August 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  29. ^ a b Molloy, Mark (27 January 2016). "Revealed: The most important inventions of the 21st Century – as voted by the public". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  30. ^ Burrows, Dave; Barrett, Mike (17 June 2004). "TomTom GO Review". PocketGPSWorld.com. Archived from the original on 24 May 2010. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  31. ^ "TomTom Reports fourth quarter and Full Year 2004 Results". Amsterdam: TomTom NV. 29 April 2005. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  32. ^ Olson, Parmy (16 December 2010). "A GPS Journey With Snoop Dogg And Darth Vader". Forbes. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  33. ^ "TomTom Rider". GPS Central. 4 March 2006. Archived from the original on 8 June 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  34. ^ Shaw, Keith (10 March 2006). "TomTom GPS device includes MP3 player". Network World. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  35. ^ Steen, Michael (12 November 2007). "TomTom and Vodafone crowdsource traffic information". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  36. ^ Farivar, Cyrus (27 October 2006). "Vodafone, TomTom partner to create real-time traffic data network". Engagdget. Archived from the original on 7 May 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  37. ^ Turton, Stuart (7 October 2009). "New TomTom Uses Drivers' Street Cred To Dodge Jams". Alphr. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  38. ^ Miles, Stuart (28 October 2008). "TomTom GO x40 series hits UK". Pocket-Lint. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  39. ^ "TomTom GO x40 LIVE range launched". What Mobile. 29 October 2008. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  40. ^ Weiss, C. C. (19 April 2013). "TomTom unveils multi-sport GPS fitness watches". Archived from the original on 24 November 2020. Retrieved 13 August 2020.
  41. ^ Maker, Ray (2 April 2014). "TomTom Cardio Runner & Multisport with Optical Heart Rate In-Depth Review". DC Rainmaker. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  42. ^ Jennings, Ali (1 November 2018). "TomTom Bandit Review". TechRadar. Archived from the original on 25 January 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  43. ^ "TomTom Spark". Ministry of Sound. Archived from the original on 9 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  44. ^ "TomTom Falls After Report Apple Is Building Own Maps Database". Reuters. 29 June 2018. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  45. ^ Gurman, Mark (29 June 2018). "TomTom Falls After Report Apple Is Building Own Maps Database". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
  46. ^ a b staff (18 March 2019). "Annual report & accounts 2019". TomTom corporate. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  47. ^ a b c d Staff (15 July 2020). "UPDATE 1-TomTom posts 41% slump in revenue but sees signs of recovery". Reuters. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  48. ^ Staff (9 September 2020). "TomTom is Supplying Maps, Software and User Interface for Maserati's New Intelligent Assistant (MIA) Infotainment System". FutureCar. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  49. ^ a b Vergauwen, Wout; Akkermans, Joost (8 April 2018). "TomTom Bets It's Found a Way to Deal With Slow Death of Sat Nav". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 1 August 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  50. ^ Taub, Eric (15 July 2015). "What Stand-Alone GPS Devices Do That Smartphones Can't". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  51. ^ Vergauwen, Wout; Ma, Jie (22 January 2019). "TomTom Sells Telematics Unit to Bridgestone for $1 Billion". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 27 March 2021. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  52. ^ "TOMTOM Company Profile". Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 7 December 2007.
  53. ^ "TomTom for iPhone". Itunes.apple.com. Archived from the original on 31 January 2019. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  54. ^ "TomTom for iPhone en route | Software | iPhone Central". Macworld. Archived from the original on 9 November 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  55. ^ Diaz, Jesus (17 August 2009). "Confirmed: TomTom's GPS Car Kit Will Work with iPod Touch, Third Party Apps – tomtom GPS car adapter". Gizmodo. Archived from the original on 20 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  56. ^ "Dirty Little Secret: TomTom car adapter "should" work with iPod Touch as well". iJailbreak Pro. Archived from the original on 21 May 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
  57. ^ "TomTom's in-car kit will turn the iPod touch into a pro-grade navigational device – New Tech Gadgets & Electronic Devices". Geek.com. Archived from the original on 22 August 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  58. ^ Griffin, Ben (18 November 2015). "TomTom Speed Cameras app to keep you on the right side of the law". Recombu. Archived from the original on 31 January 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  59. ^ "TomTom confirmed as official partner for iOS 6 Maps". TechRadar. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 21 May 2017.
  60. ^ Nellis, Stephen (29 June 2018). "Apple rebuilds mapping app, but will still tap TomTom". Reuters. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  61. ^ "TomTom HOME software downloads page". Archived from the original on 24 July 2008.
  62. ^ "pyTOMTOM – forums". pytomtom.tuxfamily.org. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  63. ^ "TomTom | Maps and Services Shop". Tomtom. 5 April 2021. Archived from the original on 9 October 2021. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  64. ^ Reisinger, Don (12 May 2011). "TomTom offering real-time traffic data to partners". CNET. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  65. ^ "Information Management: TomTom collecting data from GPS Systems". 8 January 2008. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2008.
  66. ^ "(click on "show detailed map information")". Tomtom.com. Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
  67. ^ "TomTom FAQs – IQ Routes". Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
  68. ^ Staff (21 July 2015). "TomTom and Bosch step up joint effort to gain ground in car maps race". Reuters. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  69. ^ Kastrenakes, Jacob (2015). "TomTom is now making maps for autonomous vehicles". The Verge. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  70. ^ a b de Feijter, Levien; Proper, Ellen (12 November 2015). "Uber strikes digital maps deal with TomTom". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  71. ^ Sterling, Toby (12 November 2015). "TomTom winning streak continues with Uber deal". Reuters. Archived from the original on 31 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  72. ^ a b Stone, Tom (14 October 2020). "Uber to contribute to TomTom map editing". Traffic Technology Today. Archived from the original on 7 November 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  73. ^ a b Staff (2020). "TomTom Extends its Map Editing Partnership with Uber Across its Entire Global Platform". FutureCar. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  74. ^ Goode, Lauren (2020). "The Biggest Apple Maps Change Is One You Can't See". WIRED. Archived from the original on 1 December 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  75. ^ a b c Sawers, Paul (17 March 2019). "How TomTom is evolving for autonomous vehicles". VentureBeat. Archived from the original on 5 December 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  76. ^ a b Meijer, Bart; Goodman, David (2020). "TomTom closes deal with Huawei for use of maps and services". Reuters. Archived from the original on 27 October 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  77. ^ a b Sawers, Paul (2019). "TomTom launches a fully autonomous test car to develop HD maps". VentureBeat. Archived from the original on 3 February 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  78. ^ a b c d Lampinen, Megan (19 November 2019). "Big Data and AI: modern map-making must-haves". Automotive World. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  79. ^ Drozdiak, Natalia (2019). "TomTom Maps Out Revamp With Bet on Self-Driving Cars". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 5 December 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  80. ^ Robertson, Adi (2020). "Huawei signs deal with TomTom for a Google Maps alternative". The Verge. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  81. ^ a b Lampinen, Megan (22 November 2019). "Mobile mapping fleets: a day in the life". Automotive World. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  82. ^ Goodin, Dan (27 April 2011). "TomTom Sorry for Giving Customer Driving Data to Cops". The Register. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  83. ^ Sterling, Toby (27 April 2011). "TomTom Admits Police Used Data for Speed Traps". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 1 May 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
  84. ^ Cowan, Roberta (12 January 2012). "TomTom cleared of data probe violations". Reuters. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  85. ^ Duncan, Geoff (12 January 2012). "TomTom cleared in Dutch data privacy investigation". Archived from the original on 24 November 2016.
  86. ^ "Following report by Dutch DPA, TomTom provides user with better information". Dutch Data Protection Authority. 12 January 2012. Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2016.
  87. ^ a b Moses, Asher (6 May 2011). "Outrage Over TomTom Speed Traps for Motorists". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 30 April 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
  88. ^ a b "Peeping TomTom sells your every move". Australian Financial Review. 6 May 2011. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  89. ^ Osborne, Charlie (2 October 2014). "Waze Unveils Government Data Exchange Program". ZDnet. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
  90. ^ "TomTom's Competitors, Revenue, Number of Employees, Funding and Acquisitions". Owler. Archived from the original on 26 October 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2020.