Tolmezzo (Friulian: Tumieç, Slovene: Tolmeč, archaic German: Tolmein or Schönfeld) is a town and comune in the province of Udine, part of the autonomous Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of north-eastern Italy.
|Città di Tolmezzo|
|Frazioni||Cadunea, Caneva, Casanova, Cazzaso, Fusea, Illegio, Imponzo, Terzo, Lorenzaso|
|• Mayor||Francesco Brollo|
|• Total||65 km2 (25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||323 m (1,060 ft)|
(31 December 2004)
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Saint Martin|
|Saint day||November 11|
Tolmezzo is located at the foot of the Strabut Mountain, between the Tagliamento River and the Bût stream. Nearby is the Mount Amariana, elevation 1,906 metres (6,253 ft). The commune also includes the five frazioni of Cadunea (Friulian: Cjadugnee), Caneva (Cjanive), Casanova (Cjasegnove), Fusea (Fusee), Illegio (Dieç), Imponzo (Dimponç).
The existence of Tolmezzo (called Tolmetium) is first documented in the late 10th century, when it was part of the Patriarchate of Aquileia, but it has been suggested that the town stemmed from a very ancient pre-Roman settlement. In Roman times, the area was crossed by one of the main Roman roads that connected Italy to what is now Austria.
The city had a flourishing market, and was defended by a line of walls with 18 towers and by the castle of the Patriarchs. In 1420, it was annexed to the Republic of Venice, but its trades and industries did not suffer from the change, and the city maintained its privileges. In 1797, with the Treaty of Campo Formio, it was handed over to the Austrian Empire, and, after a short Napoleonic rule, it was included in the client Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia.
Tolmezzo became part of the new unified Kingdom of Italy in 1866.
- The Duomo (cathedral)
- Palazzo Campeis (late 18th century): Museum
- Giovanni Maria Cassini (1791). "Lo Stato Veneto da terra diviso nelle sue provincie, seconda parte che comprede porzioni del Dogado del Trevisano del Friuli e dell' Istria". Rome: Calcografia camerale. (Map of Tolmezzo region).
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- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.