Tuda Mengu, also known as Tode Mongke, Tudamongke (Mongolian: Тодмөнх/Todmönkh or Tudamönkh, lit.'Eternal Brightness'), was khan of the Golden Horde, division of the Mongol Empire from 1280 to 1287.

Tuda Möngke
Khan
Toda Mongke and His Mongol Horde.jpg
Tuda Mengu leading the warriors of the Golden Horde (Mughal painting)
Khan of the Golden Horde
Western Half (Blue Horde)
Reign1280–1287
PredecessorMongke Temur
SuccessorTole Buqa
Bornunknown date
Golden Horde
Died1287
HouseBorjigin
DynastyGolden Horde
FatherToqoqan
MotherKöchü Khatun
ReligionIslam

BiographyEdit

Tode Mongke was the son of Toqoqan (grandson of Batu Khan) and younger full-brother of Mongke Temur. A pious khan, he converted to Islam in 1283.[1] Due to his deep religion, Tudamongke was not aggressive to expand his territory. However, he did keep good contact with Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt against Ilkhanate who was faithless enemy of both states. Rashid Ad-din wrote that he was willing to keep good relations with Kublai khan and released his son Nomoghan to Yuan Court. During his government the influence of Nogai Khan greatly increased in the Golden Horde, and there was a second attack against Hungary in 1284/1285, what was a total disaster for his army. He abdicated in favor to his nephew Tole Buqa in 1287.[2]

FamilyEdit

He had two wives and several concubines:[3]

  1. Ariqachi Khatun (from Khongirad tribe)
    • Or-Menggü
  2. Töre Qutluq Khatun (from Alchi-Tatar tribe)
    • Chechektü
  3. Unknown concubine
    • Töbetei

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Martin, Janet, Medieval Russia, 980-1584, p. 171.
  2. ^ Cawley, Charles (5 December 2010), Mongols: Batu, son of JOCHI & his --- wife (-Sarai 1255), Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Rashīd al-Dīn Ṭabīb, 1247?-1318. (1971). The successors of Genghis Khan. New York: Columbia University Press. pp. 109–110. ISBN 0-231-03351-6. OCLC 160563.

Further readingEdit

Preceded by Khan of the Golden Horde
1280–1287
Succeeded by