Toastmasters International (TI) is a US headquartered nonprofit educational organization that operates clubs worldwide for the purpose of promoting communication, and public speaking and leadership skills.
|Formation||October 22, 1924|
|Legal status||Non-profit organization|
|Headquarters||9127 South Jamaica Street, Englewood, Colorado, US|
|Deepak Menon, DTM|
The organization grew out of a single club, Smedley Chapter One Club, which would become the first Toastmasters club. It was founded by Ralph C. Smedley on October 22, 1924, at the YMCA in Santa Ana, California, United States. It originated as a set of classes with the aim of improving the communication skills of the young men under his charge. Toastmasters International was incorporated under Californian law on December 19, 1932.
Throughout its history, Toastmasters has served over four million people, and today the organization serves over 352,000 members in 141 countries, through its 16,400 member clubs. Toastmasters membership increased rapidly around the turn of the century, nearing 16,000 clubs worldwide by 2016.
Toastmasters club structureEdit
Toastmasters International uses a local club-based structure, each having around 20–40 members. Meetings are held every week or other week and usually in the evening, although some clubs meet in the morning or afternoon. Each club operates as a separate entity with a set of requirements leading to chartered status for them to be recognised as official Toastmasters clubs. Chartered status allows for clubs to use the names, promotional material and programme of Toastmasters International.
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Toastmasters clubs are either restricted or community based. The restricted clubs generally reside within the premises of a corporation or need certain conditions to be met by prospective members. The community clubs on the other hand are open to anyone who wants to attend the meetings. However, only a member is allowed to deliver prepared speeches or take part in leadership activities and move along the educational track. Although, in certain community clubs, non-members are allowed to participate in table topics to get a feel of the atmosphere of the club. In order to become a member of the club, international dues of US$45 need to be paid every six months when membership needs to be active, plus a one-time new member fee of US$20.
Part of meetings is devoted to Table Topics, which are off-the-cuff speeches which are assigned on the spot by a Topics master. The goal of this is to think on one's feet with minimal preparation. In some clubs attendees are then asked to vote on who they thought gave the best speech.
Every meeting is based around a set of organized speeches. Speakers are evaluated by an experienced member who then gives an impromptu speech with constructive feedback based on their performance.
Public speaking championshipEdit
Toastmasters runs an international public speaking championship formally known as the Toastmasters International World Champion of Public Speaking, which is held annually at its International Convention in August. It started in 1938 and involves over 33,000 participants in 141 countries making it the world's largest speech contest. There is a six-month process of elimination to reach the semifinals, in which in 2018 there were 106 participants who got that far. There are ten places in the final and speeches are judged on content, gestures, organization and style.
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- "Form 990 of Toastmasters International, Inc. for Fiscal Year 2016" (PDF). Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
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- Basheda, Lori (August 26, 2001). "Stand and deliver Speaking Toastmasters select their world champion, whose theme is failure's value. Series". Orange County Register.
- "Resident of France is semifinalist in the world's largest speech contest". Bangkok Post. June 1, 2018. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Smedley, Ralph (1959). The Story of Toastmasters. Toastmasters International.