Titisee-Neustadt is a municipality in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is made up of the six communities of Neustadt, Langenordnach, Rudenberg, Titisee, Schwärzenbach and Waldau.
|• Mayor||Armin Hinterseh (CDU)|
|• Total||89.66 km2 (34.62 sq mi)|
|Elevation||849 m (2,785 ft)|
|• Density||140/km2 (350/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Politics
- 4 Economy and infrastructure
- 5 Culture and sightseeing
- 6 Sons and daughters of the town
- 7 2012 workshop fire
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The community of Titisee lies on the north shore of Titisee, a lake in the eastern Feldberg in the Black Forest, which ranges from 780 to 1192m above sea level. The community of Neustadt is found 5 km to the east. The town lies on a small river called the Seebach (Lake Brook) as it comes in from Feldberg-Bärental to feed Titisee, as the Gutach (Good Water) as it flows out of the lake, and east of Neustadt, where it merges with the Haslach to become a whitewater torrent, as the Wutach (Furious Water). After flowing out of the town, it passes through the well known Wutachschlucht (Wutach Gorge), and ends by emptying into the Rhine.
Titisee-Neustadt is divided into six communities which historically have been separate, although they are now amalgamated into one municipality.
Neustadt was founded in 1250 by the Princes of Fürstenberg. There followed various name changes: the town was called Nova Civitas in 1275 (which has the same meaning in Latin – "New City" – as the German name Neustadt), in 1294 Neuwenstadt, in 1335 Neuwen-statt, in 1630 Neostadium and in 1650 New-Statt before it later became Neustadt. From 1669 to 1806 there was a Capuchin monastery in Neustadt. In 1817, a great deal of the town was destroyed in a great fire. In the 18th century, the clockmaking trade developed in the town to become a major part of the economy.
During the First World War, and shortly thereafter, a dearth of staple foods prevailed. In May 1919 came the first municipal elections, which saw both active and passive participation by women, who now had the franchise. This led to four women finding themselves on the town council. The mayor who took office in 1923, Karl Pfister (d. 1993 in Freiburg) created and safeguarded jobs. This he managed to do through a loan of, all together, 700,000 Reichsmark, which he obtained through negotiations with major banks in the United States, Switzerland and the Netherlands. Through further job-making measures, such as public building schemes, about the time of the Great Depression, he was in a position to keep the jobless rate in Neustadt at a comparatively low 12%, whereas it was then 18% in Germany as a whole.
Later came the Nazi régime, which used Der Hochwächter and the Echo vom Hochfirst, the local newspapers, for their own ends, later shutting them both down. Despite exerting this influence, the Party's share of the vote in Neustadt was always lower than in Titisee, where it compared with the national average. Nevertheless, the NSDAP local moved into the town hall in 1933, occupied its balcony and made an example of a few people in public life by removing them from office or sending them to the local concentration camp near Hüfingen. Blasius Müßle, who became mayor at that time, was replaced in 1935 by the later Kreisleiter (District Leader) Benedikt Kuner.
In 1112 Langenordnach had its first documentary mention. In 1529 16 houses were named; the place did not yet have a chapel.
In 1316 Rudenberg had its first documentary mention. In 1529 the place already had "several houses". In 1810, there were 191 inhabitants.
In 1316 Schwärzenbach had its first documentary mention. In 1850, there were 427 inhabitants.
In 1111 Titisee had its first documentary mention. In 1635 the names Dettesee and Titinsee first appear in documents. As of 1750 the name Titisee was commonly applied to the town. The town was put together from four parts, or valleys: Altenweg, Spriegelsbach, Schildwende and Jostal. For this reason, the town bore the name Vierthäler or Viertäler ("Four Valleys") until 1929.
Waldau was first named in 1111 and the first documentary mention followed in 1178 in a papal document. Since 1807 there has been a Catholic parish.
Titisee-Neustadt came into being in 1971 with the amalgamation of the until then independent district capital of Neustadt with the communities of Titisee and Rudenberg. In 1973 and 1974, the communities of Langenordnach, Schwärzenbach und Waldau were added to the amalgamation.
The following denominations, along with numbers of adherents and percentages, can be found in Titisee-Neustadt:
- 1850–1852: Josef Sorg
- 1852–1872: Johann Baptist Fürderer
- 1873–1875: Karl Heinrich Ganter
- 1875–1879: Johann Bauser
- 1879–1883: Karl Klenker
- 1883–1894: Conrad Winterhalder
- 1894–1905: Anton Brugger
- 1905–1914: Adolf Schork
- 1914–1923: Adolf Winter
- 1923–1933: Karl Pfister
- 1933–1935: Blasius Müßle (NSDAP)
- 1935–1937: Benedikt Kuner (NSDAP)
- 1937–1945: Albert Hirt (NSDAP)
- 1945: Emil Scherer
- 1945–1946: Adalbert Dengler
- 1947–1950: Josef Sahner
- 1951–1971: Julius Pfeffer
- 1971–1979: Hans Gallinger (SPD)
- 1979–2003: Martin Lindler (CDU)
- since 2003: Armin Hinterseh (CDU)
The municipal elections on 25 May 2014 produced the following division of seats:
|Citizens' List||18.08%||5 seats||±0|
Titisee-Neustadt is twinned with:
Economy and infrastructureEdit
Titisee-Neustadt lies on Bundesstraße (Federal Highway) B 31 (Breisach - Lindau) which joins both the A 5 and A 81 north-south Autobahnen. From the B 31, the B 317 to Weil am Rhein branches off in the town. The B 500 likewise runs through Titisee-Neustadt. Also, the B 315 lies nearby.
The town has two railway stations at Titisee and Neustadt. A half-hourly electric train service on the Höllentalbahn connects Freiburg im Breisgau with Titisee. From Titisee alternate trains either continue on the Höllentalbahn to Neustadt, or diverge onto the Dreiseenbahn ("Three-Lake Railway") to Seebrugg, thus providing Neustadt with an hourly service to Freiburg. Beyond Neustadt, an hourly diesel train operates to Donaueschingen.
Buses cover areas not served by trains, for instance Titisee to Lenzkirch and Todtnau.
The nearest airports are:
- EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg (90 km)
- Zurich International Airport (90 km)
- Stuttgart Airport (150 km)
Among the industrial firms established in the municipality are:
- Konrad Hog Werksvertretungen GmbH
- Bach KfZ-Landmaschinen
- Bau GmbH Schubnell KG
- H.M.V. Maschinenverleih
- Hoenes Uhrenfabrik
- NOVILA Wäschefabrik GmbH
- Technocell Dekor GmbH & Co
Titisee-Neustadt has at its disposal a Magistrates' Court (Amtsgericht) which belongs to the state court region of Freiburg im Breisgau and to the supreme state court region (Oberlandesgericht) of Karlsruhe.
Sport and leisureEdit
- Ski jump: In 2001 the first World Cup Jump took place here.
- Hiking: there are numerous hiking trails around the municipality suitable for short walks or all-day hikes. Both north-south and east-west long-distance footpaths across the Black Forest pass through Titisee-Neustadt: of the three main north-south routes, the Westweg passes through Titisee and the Mittelweg through Neustadt, while the longest established east-west route, the Freiburg-Lake Constance Black Forest Trail, passes around the south and east shores of the lake and then climbs the Hochfirst. The European walking route E1 follows the route of the Westweg in this section.
Culture and sightseeingEdit
Titisee-Neustadt lies on the German Clock Road.
- The Municipal Homeland Rooms (Städtische Heimatstuben)
- The Catholic Minster in Neustadt
- The Hochfirstschanze ski jump (Germany's biggest jump, also one of the world's biggest).
- The Hochfirstturm (tower) at the top of the Hochfirst (1192 m above sea level
- Titisee (lake)
- Titisee-Neustadt lies in the Naturpark Südschwarzwald (South Black Forest Nature Park). The Mittelweg hiking trail that goes through town leads by many natural monuments.
Sons and daughters of the townEdit
- Emil Ketterer (1883-1959), athlete, physician and politician (NSDAP)
- Stefan Meier (1889-1944), politician (SPD), and Nazi-victim
- Franz Beckert (1907-1973), Olympic champion in the team stage in 1936 in Berlin
- Egon Hirt (born 1960), ski racer
- Michael Möllinger (born 1980), ski jumper
- Adelheid Morath (born 1984), cyclist in cross-country mountain biking
- Alexander Weiß (born 1987), ice hockey player
- Andreas Glockner (born 1988), soccer player
- Melanie Faißt (born 1990), ski jumping champion
- Daniel Weiß (born 1990), ice hockey player
- Benedikt Doll (born 1990), biathlete
2012 workshop fireEdit
On 26 November 2012, 14 people were killed and 8 injured in a major fire at a workshop for disabled people in Titisee-Neustadt. The blaze occurred at the centre run by the Caritas charity in the Black Forest town of Titisee-Neustadt, some 40 km (25 miles) east of Freiburg. About 50 people were believed to be in the building when the fire started. The cause is unclear, but local media reports that there may have been an explosion in a store room. The centre is reportedly used for woodwork and metalwork, but it is not known whether there were any flammable materials on site.
- "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.