Tirumayanam Brahmapureeswarar Temple

Gopura of the temple

Tirumayanam Brahmapureeswarar Temple[1]( திருமயானம் பிரம்மபுரீஸ்வரர் கோயில்[2]])is a Hindu temple located at Tirumayanam in Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu, India.[3] The presiding deity is Shiva. He is called as Brahmmapureeswarar. His consort is known as Malarkuzhal Minnammai. [4]

Another famous Padal petra Shiva sthalam, Amritaghateswarar Abirami Temple,Thirukkadaiyur is located about a kilometer far, westerly.

LocationEdit

This temple is right behind the famous Amirthaghateswarar temple in the easterly direction, about 3 Kms away.

SignificanceEdit

It is one of the shrines of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams - Shiva Sthalams glorified in the early medieval Tevaram poems by Tamil Saivite Nayanars Tirugnanasambandar, Tirunavukkarasar and Sundarar.[4]

Mayana Kshetras are the places where Lord Brahma was reduced to ashes by Lord Shiva. Five such places are - Kasi (Varanasi) Mayanam, Kacchi (Kanchipuram) Mayanam; Kazhi (Sirkazhi) Mayanam, Nallur (Thirunallur) Mayanam and Kadavur (Thirukadaiyur) Mayanam.[5]

MythologyEdit

At the end of every eon Lord Shiva burns the god Brahma (Who is the god of Creation) to ashes. This event happened in Thirukadayur Thirumayanam too. The devas (Celestial beings) rushed to god Shiva and pleaded with Him to give life to Brahma again lest the act of creation will stop. Shiva relented and gave Brahma his life back. [6]

Temple inscriptionsEdit

The temple inscriptions refer to the presiding deity as "Jayamkonda Cholavalanattu Akkurnaatu Brahmadeyam Thirukadavoorudayar Thirumayanamudaya Perumal" a long name typical of that era.Only the later Vijayanagar period inscriptions mention Him as Brahmapureeswarar. His consort is referred to as Malarkuzhal Minnammai. There are several inscriptions about the various grants given to the temple for the daily maintenance and practice of daily rituals.Interestingly there is a mention of a temple grant to support daily rendition of Vedas using the instrument Veena, daily redition of Srirudarm and daily practice of Vedas. Lands have been granted in two villages called "Thiruthonda Thogai Mangalam" and "Sivapada Sekara Mangalam" for the above purposes.

There is a Bronze idol of Singaravelar with Valli and Devasena in the main Sanctum. The temple outer niches contain Chola era idols of Thirumal, Bhikshadanar,Durga, Lingodhbhava,Gangadhara, and Ganapathy. These idols are great works of art of a bygone era.

Near the Dhakshinamurthy idol there is a statue of a Chola king with folded hand worshipping the deity. The king is clad is simple clothes, with long beard and mustache.This could be the statue of Kulothunga-III,based on the inscriptions and similar statues of the same king in other temples.[7]

TriviaEdit

There is well at the southern end of the temple called Aswathi Kinaru.Even to this day the water from this is taken to the Amirthaghateswarar temple for ablution of the main deity.

The belief is the those who cannot afford to travel to Kasi to bathe in Holy Ganges can bathe in this water and still get the same benefits.This can be done on Panguni month (March-April) , Ashwini nakshathiram day[8]

Literary MentionEdit

Tirugnanasambandar describes the feature of the deity as:[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Brahmmapureeswarar Temple". Dinamalar temples. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  2. ^ ta:திருமயானம் பிரம்மபுரீஸ்வரர் கோயில்
  3. ^ Brahmapureeswarar Temple, Tirukkadavur Mayanam
  4. ^ a b Sri Brahmmapureeswarar Temple
  5. ^ http://temple.dinamalar.com/en/new_en.php?id=777
  6. ^ "Gangai Perugum Thirukadayur". 13 April 2019.
  7. ^ "Veenayil Vedam Isaika kaeta Veenadara by Dr.Kudavayil Balasubramanian". Anmegam. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Gaigai Perugum Thirukadayur Mayanam". Vikatan. 13 April 2019.
  9. ^ Tirugnanasambandar Tevaram, II: 80:10

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 11°01′12″N 78°27′36″E / 11.0200°N 78.4600°E / 11.0200; 78.4600