Tiruchengode (Tamil : திருச்செங்கோடு ) is a city and selection grade municipality located in southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
|Elevation||230 m (750 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Official App https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=wtcityapp.com|
As of 2011, the town had a population of 95,335. As per 2011 population, Tiruchengode is the largest city in Namakkal district. It is also famous for rig business.
This Tiruchengode was separated from Salem district several years before[when?]. In ancient days, Tiruchengode was known as Thirukodimaadachenkundrur – one of the historic places in Tamil Nadu. Tiruchengode was formed on 22 November and that day is celebrated as 'Tiruchengode day'.
Tiruchengode is in northwestern part of Tamil Nadu, approximately 20 km from the City of Erode, 37 km from the district headquarters Namakkal, 46 km from Salem, 120 km from Coimbatore and 407 km from the state capital Chennai.
Tiruchengode has a more industry-oriented occupation rather than agriculture. Agriculture is not done here on a large scale due to lack of abundant water supply as it is solely dependent on the Cauvery river that flows near Pallipalayam, Erode and also dependent on the occasional rains. The major industries here are Rig Spares, Power Looms and Textile Industries, Bus and Lorry Body Building, Lathe Industry, Rice Mills, Granite Factory, etc. Tiruchengode is well known for its Rig (Borewell) Lorries. Tiruchengode can be called "The Borewell Hub of India" as it manufactures the largest number of Borewell Vehicles operated in India. Nearly more than half of borewells operating across India are from Tiruchengode.
According to 2011 census, Tiruchengode had a population of 95,335 with a sex-ratio of 994 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 8,901 were under the age of six, constituting 4,495 males and 4,406 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 11.36% and 0.07% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 75.87%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 26,508 households. There were a total of 42,405 workers, comprising 329 cultivators, 686 main agricultural labourers, 1,279 in house hold industries, 38,804 other workers, 1,307 marginal workers, 7 marginal cultivators, 46 marginal agricultural labourers, 80 marginal workers in household industries and 1,174 other marginal workers. As per the religious census of 2011, Tiruchengode had 95.88% Hindus, 2.95% Muslims, 1.05% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.0% Buddhists, 0.0% Jains, 0.1% following other religions and 0.0% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.
- This city has various other names like Nagasalam, Panimalai, Kodhai Malai, Aravakiri, Vayu Malai, Kongumalai, Nagagiri, Vandhimalai, Siddharmalai, Didya and still more.
- It is a part of Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu. Kongu Nadu includes in it 24 villages, out of which Poondhurai, a suburb of Erode city is one of the important pilgrimage centre. West of Cauvery is Melakarai Pundhurai and East of Cauvery is Kilakarai Pundhurai. Kilakarai Pundhurai is famously known as Thiruchengodu.
- The word "Thiruchengodu" means beautiful, steeped hill in Tamil Language.
- Thiruchengodu is famous for its reference in 'Kandhar Anuboothi' sung by Arunagirinathar for Lord Murugan -as "Nagasala velava nalu kavi".
- Tiruchengodu is famous for its hill and the temple on the top.
- Ancient and historical Thiruchengodu is crowned with Mummurthies named Arthanareeshwarar, Chengodu Velan and Athikesava Perumal.
- The average annual rainfall is around 950 mm. The altitude is about 150–200 metres asl.
- Around Tiruchengode many schools and colleges are there.
It is famous for the ancient hilltop Ardhanareeswarar Temple, Tiruchengode Umaiorubagan (Arthanāreeshwara), dedicated to the unique combined male-female form of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi (see Ardhanarishwara). This important place of pilgrimage is mentioned in the Tamil work Silapathikaram as 'Neduvelkundru' and is celebrated in the hymns of Saivite saints. The Chenkottu Velavar Temple, dedicated to Lord Murugan, is situated on the same hill.
It was also known as Thiruchengottankudi Nageswaram. It enshrines the Ardhanareeswarar (man-woman) manifestation of Shiva, representing the unity of Shiva and Parvati, is enshrined in this revered hill temple of great significance, accessible by a motorable road; this is an ancient temple mentioned in the Tamil work, Silappadikaram as Neduvelkunru. The red color of the hill is the reason that it was called Chengode. The image above shows the view of the surrounding area from the top of the Tiruchengode hill. This temple is regarded as the 4th of the 7 Tevara Stalams in the Kongu Region of Tamil Nadu.
Tiruchengode's major Festival is the Arthanareeswarar Car Festival known as Vaigasi Visakam (Celebrated during the Tamil month of Vaikasi). The Festival is celebrated for 15 days, with separate cars carrying sengottuvelavar, arthanareeswarar and many small lords. This festival is very famous among the nearby surrounding towns and villages.
Three worship services are offered each day. The late night worship service (Artha Jaama Pooja) is considered to be of importance here. New moon days are also considered to be special. Moliapalli annamar swamy temple is located 15 km (9.3 mi) from thiruchengodu.
Tiruchengode assembly constituency is part of Tiruchengode (Lok Sabha constituency) until 2008. From the 2009 elections onward it is included in the Namakkal (Lok Sabha constituency).
Tiruchengode is well connected by state as well as private buses from Chennai, Coimbatore, Trichy, Erode, Salem, Namakkal, Rasipuram, Karur, Sankagiri, Attur, Kallakkurichi, Paramathi-Velur, Komarapalayam, Bhavani, Edappadi, Dharapuram, Palani, Bangalore, Hyderabad etc., The nearest railway station is Sankari Durg (8 kilometres [5.0 mi]) & Erode Cauvery RS (16 kilometres [9.9 mi]) The nearest major Railway Junction Erode (23 kilometres [14 mi]), Namakkal (37 kilometres [23 mi]) and Salem (46 kilometres [29 mi]) The nearest sub railway station for Anangur (8 kilometres [5.0 mi]).
Mobile and landline communications are well connected in tiruchengode having exchanges in Tiruchengode and Kootappalli. Mobile connection having 4G GSM services of all major networks.
- P. Subbarayan (11 September 1889 – 6 October 1962): Paramasivan Subbarayan was an Indian politician, freedom fighter and diplomat and was the Chief Minister of Madras Presidency, India's ambassador to Indonesia and Union Minister of Transport and Communications in Jawaharlal Nehru's government.
- T.R. Sundaram Mudaliyar (16 July 1907 – 30 August 1963) was an Indian film actor, director, and producer of more than 100 films. He was the founder of the Salem-based film production company Modern Theatres Ltd.
- General Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam (1 July 1913 – 13 March 2000): PP Kumaramangalam was the 6th Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) of the Indian Army from 1967 to 1969.
- Mohan Kumaramangalam (1 November 1916 - 30 May 1973) was an Indian politician and communist theorist who was a member of the Communist Party of India, and later, the Indian National Congress. He served as a member of Lok Sabha for Pondicherry from 1971 to 1972. He also served as Advocate-General for Madras State from 1966 to 1967.
- Rangarajan Kumaramangalam (12 May 1952 – 23 August 2000): was a prominent politician and a Member of parliament, Lok Sabha from the Salem constituency from 1984 to 1996 and Tiruchirapalli constituency from 1998 to 2000.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Tiruchengode". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- "Trident with Shiva as Half-Woman (Ardhanarishvara)". Cleveland Museum of Art. 31 October 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
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