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Tipperary (UK Parliament constituency)

Tipperary, also known as Tipperary County, was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, which from 1801 to 1885 returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

Tipperary
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18011885
Number of membersTwo
Replaced byEast Tipperary, Mid Tipperary, North Tipperary and South Tipperary

Contents

BoundariesEdit

This constituency comprised the whole of County Tipperary, except the Parliamentary boroughs of Cashel (1801–1870) and Clonmel (1801–1885). In 1885 the constituency was divided into East Tipperary, Mid Tipperary, North Tipperary and South Tipperary.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1801 Francis Mathew, Viscount Mathew (later Earl of Llandaff) John Bagwell
17 Nov 1806 Montague James Mathew Whig[1] Francis Aldborough Prittie Whig[1]
17 Jul 1818 Richard Butler, Viscount Cahir
2 Mar 1819 William Bagwell Tory
8 Apr 1819 Francis Aldborough Prittie Whig[1]
28 Jun 1826 John Hely-Hutchinson (later Earl of Donoughmore) Whig[1]
21 Aug 1830 Thomas Wyse Whig[1]
12 May 1831 John Hely-Hutchinson (later Earl of Donoughmore) Whig[1]
8 Aug 1832 Robert Otway-Cave Whig[1][2][3]
17 Dec 1832 Cornelius O'Callaghan Whig[1] Richard Lalor Sheil Repealer[4]
21 Jan 1835 Robert Otway-Cave Whig[1][2][3]
14 Jul 1841 Valentine Maher Whig[1][3]
10 Feb 1844 Nicholas Maher Repealer[4]
21 Feb 1845 Richard Albert Fitzgerald Repealer[4]
11 Aug 1847 Francis Scully Repealer[4]
26 Jul 1852 Ind. Irish[4] James Sadleir[5] Ind. Irish[4]
16 Mar 1857 Daniel O'Donoghue Ind. Irish[4]
14 Apr 1857 Laurence Waldron Whig[6][7]
10 May 1859 Liberal[4] Liberal[4]
24 Feb 1865 Charles Moore Liberal[4]
24 Jul 1865 John Blake Dillon Liberal[4]
17 Oct 1866 Charles William White Liberal[4]
27 Nov 1869 Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa[8] Independent Nationalist[4]
23 Feb 1870 Denis Caulfield Heron Liberal[4]
14 Feb 1874 Home Rule League[4] William Frederick Ormonde O'Callaghan Home Rule League[4]
16 Feb 1875 John Mitchel[9] Independent Nationalist[4]
27 May 1875 Stephen Moore Conservative[4]
16 May 1877 Edmund Dwyer Gray Home Rule League[4]
8 Apr 1880 Patrick James Smyth Home Rule League[4] John Dillon Home Rule League (Parnellite)[4]
Oct 1882 Irish Parliamentary[4] Irish Parliamentary[4]
23 Mar 1883 Thomas Mayne Irish Parliamentary[4]
12 Jan 1885 John O'Connor Irish Parliamentary[4]
1885 Constituency divided: see East Tipperary, Mid Tipperary, North Tipperary and South Tipperary

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1830sEdit

General election 9 August 1830: Tipperary
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Francis Aldborough Prittie 757 N/A
Whig Thomas Wyse 577 N/A
Tory John Hely-Hutchison 537 N/A
Tory Roe N/A
Turnout N/A

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Tipperary[4][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Valentine Maher 1,039 36.6
Whig Robert Otway-Cave 1,028 36.2
Conservative William Ponsonby Barker 401 14.1
Conservative Cornwallis Maude 374 13.2
Majority 627 22.1
Turnout 1,445 54.5
Registered electors 2,649
Whig hold Swing
Whig gain from Irish Repeal Swing

Maher's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 10 February 1844: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Repeal Nicholas Maher Unopposed
Irish Repeal gain from Whig

Otway-Cave's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 21 February 1845: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Repeal Richard Albert Fitzgerald Unopposed
Irish Repeal gain from Whig
General election 1847: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Repeal Francis Scully Unopposed
Irish Repeal Nicholas Maher Unopposed
Registered electors 2,412
Irish Repeal gain from Whig
Irish Repeal gain from Whig

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Irish Francis Scully 3,512 44.9 N/A
Independent Irish James Sadleir 3,467 44.3 N/A
Conservative Robert Jocelyn Otway 789 10.1 N/A
Conservative Lorenzo Henry Jephson 53 0.7 N/A
Majority 2,678 34.2 N/A
Turnout 3,911 (est) 57.9 (est) N/A
Registered electors 6,760
Independent Irish gain from Irish Repeal Swing N/A
Independent Irish gain from Irish Repeal Swing N/A

Sadleir was expelled from the House of Commons due to failing to surrender to arrest warrants for his involvement in a fraud, causing a by-election.[11]

By-election, 16 March 1857: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Irish Daniel O'Donoghue 3,394 57.8 −31.4
Whig Laurence Waldron 2,474 42.2 N/A
Majority 920 15.7 −18.5
Turnout 5,868 65.5 +7.6
Registered electors 8,964
Independent Irish hold Swing N/A
General election 1857: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Irish Daniel O'Donoghue Unopposed
Whig Laurence Waldron Unopposed
Registered electors 8,964
Independent Irish hold
Whig gain from Independent Irish
General election 1859: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Daniel O'Donoghue Unopposed
Liberal Laurence Waldron Unopposed
Registered electors 9,526
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

O'Donoghue resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 24 February 1865: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Moore 2,134 70.1 N/A
Independent Liberal Peter Edward Gill[12] 909 29.9 N/A
Majority 1,225 40.3 N/A
Turnout 3,043 33.8 N/A
Registered electors 8,996
Liberal hold
General election 1865: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Moore 2,722 43.1 N/A
Liberal John Blake Dillon 2,662 42.2 N/A
Independent Liberal Peter Edward Gill[13] 930 14.7 N/A
Majority 1,732 27.4 N/A
Turnout 3,622 (est) 40.3 (est) N/A
Registered electors 8,996
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Dillon's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 22 October 1866: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles William White 3,419 54.4 −30.9
Independent Liberal Laurence Waldron[14] 2,865 45.6 N/A
Majority 554 8.8 −18.6
Turnout 6,284 69.9 +29.6
Registered electors 8,996
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1868: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Moore Unopposed
Liberal Charles William White Unopposed
Registered electors 9,498
Liberal hold
Liberal hold

Moore's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 27 November 1869: Tipperary[4][15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Nationalist Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa 1,131 52.1 N/A
Liberal Denis Caulfield Heron 1,028 47.4 N/A
Conservative William Rickford Collett 12 0.6 N/A
Majority 103 4.7 N/A
Turnout 2,171 22.9 N/A
Registered electors 9,498
Independent Nationalist gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870sEdit

Rossa was disqualified as he was a convicted felon, causing a by-election.

1870 Tipperary by-election[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Denis Caulfield Heron 1,668 50.1 N/A
Independent Nationalist Charles Kickham 1,664 49.9 N/A
Majority 4 0.1 N/A
Turnout 3,332 35.1 N/A
Registered electors 9,498
Liberal gain from Independent Nationalist
General election 1874: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Charles William White 3,023 32.9 N/A
Home Rule William Frederick Ormonde O'Callaghan 2,755 30.0 N/A
Independent Nationalist John Mitchel 1,788 19.5 N/A
Home Rule George Roe 705 7.7 N/A
Independent Nationalist Peter Gill 635 6.9 N/A
Liberal Richard Butler 281 3.1 N/A
Majority 967 10.5 N/A
Turnout 4,594 (est) 48.4 (est) N/A
Registered electors 9,500
Home Rule gain from Liberal
Home Rule gain from Liberal

White resigned, causing a by-election.

February 1875 Tipperary by-electionTipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Nationalist John Mitchel Unopposed
Registered electors 10,315
Independent Nationalist gain from Home Rule

Mitchel was declared ineligible, causing a by-election.

March 1875 Tipperary by-election[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Nationalist John Mitchel 3,114 80.7 N/A
Conservative Stephen Moore 746 19.3 N/A
Majority 2,368 61.3 N/A
Turnout 3,860 37.4 N/A
Registered electors 10,315
Conservative gain from Independent Nationalist

Mitchel was again declared ineligible and, on 26 May 1875, Moore was awarded the seat.

O'Callaghan's death caused a by-election.

1877 Tipperary by-election[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Edmund Dwyer Gray 3,852 74.1 N/A
Home Rule John Sarsfield Casey 1,344 25.9 N/A
Majority 2,508 48.3 N/A
Turnout 5,196 55.9 N/A
Registered electors 9,927
Home Rule hold

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Tipperary[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule League (Parnellite) John Dillon Unopposed
Home Rule Patrick James Smyth Unopposed
Registered electors 9,134
Home Rule hold
Home Rule hold

Dillon resigned, causing a by-election.

1883 Tipperary by-election[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Thomas Mayne Unopposed
Registered electors 8,730
Irish Parliamentary hold

Smyth was appointed secretary to the Irish loan fund board, causing a by-election.

1885 Tipperary by-election[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary John O'Connor Unopposed
Irish Parliamentary hold

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 240. Retrieved 11 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer. p. 51. Retrieved 25 August 2019 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c "Local Intelligence". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 17 July 1841. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 25 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
  5. ^ expelled 16 Feb 1857
  6. ^ "County Tipperary Election". Waterford News. 13 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 19 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ "Dublin Evening Mail". 11 March 1857. p. 4. Retrieved 11 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ as a convicted felon, he was declared ineligible to sit 10 Feb 1870
  9. ^ he was adjudged to be a convicted felon and thus ineligible to be elected 18 Feb 1875. At the subsequent by-election held on 13 Mar 1875, he was again returned. He died a week later and the seat was assigned to Stephen Moore (the defeated candidate at the 13 Mar by-election) on 27 May 1875
  10. ^ Accounts and Papers of the House of Commons, Volume 50. 1843. Retrieved 25 August 2019 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Byrne-Rothwell, Daniel (2010). The Byrnes and The O'Byrnes. Volume Two: A Social History of the Clan. House of Lochar. p. 292. ISBN 978-1-904817-04-8. Retrieved 11 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  12. ^ "Tipperary Election". Tralee Chronicle. 28 February 1865. p. 4. Retrieved 19 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. ^ "Election News". Dublin Evening Mail. 25 July 1865. p. 4. Retrieved 19 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. ^ "Mr. Waldron's Candidature". Dublin Evening Mail. 2 October 1866. p. 4. Retrieved 19 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  15. ^ A. M. Sullivan, New Ireland, London, n.d. [c. 1877], pp. 329–330.
  16. ^ Ricorso profile of Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa

SourcesEdit