The Timuri, or Taimuri (Persian: تیموری‎), are a sub-tribe of the Aimaq people of Afghanistan, one of the four major Aimaq tribes, which also include the Firozkohi, Taymani, and Jamshidi.[1] The Timuri originated in western Badghis Province. They mostly speak the Aimaq dialect of Persian, but some members of the tribe in Baghlan Province have adopted Pashto.[2]

Timuri Aimaq
Total population
350,000[citation needed]
Regions with significant populations
 Afghanistan145,000[citation needed]
 Iran196,000[citation needed]
Languages
Aimaq dialect of Dari Persian, Pashto
Religion
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Hazaras and Iranian peoples

The Timuri were once the largest and most powerful of the Aimaqs. They are descendants of Timur and the Mughal Empire. Today, they live in Afghanistan and Iran. In Iran, they live in the former Khorasan Province and around Mashhad. In Afghanistan, their traditional nomadic homeland is Badghis Province, while others are settled in oases near Herat and Shindand in western Afghanistan and near Ghazni in central Afghanistan. There is also a small group of Pashtunised pastoralist Timuri in Baghlan Province in northeastern Afghanistan.[2]

Johnathan Lee notes that in 19th century accords, the Taimuri were often confused with the Taimani, but as the Taimuri were generally a small tribe living in Persian territory, it is usually the Taimani that chroniclers intended to note.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rasul Bux Rais (2008). Recovering the frontier stage: war, ethnicity, and state in Afghanistan. Lexington Books. pp. 33–. ISBN 978-0-7391-0956-4. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
  2. ^ a b Janata, A. "AYMĀQ". In Ehsan Yarshater (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica (Online ed.). United States: Columbia University. The Timuri, once the most powerful of the “lesser” Aymaq, had their original homeland in western Badghis. Besides those still living there or in Khorasan, there are settled Timuri south of Herat and near Shindand, as well as to the north of Ghazni in Shiite Hazara country. A group of Pashtunized nomadic Timuri has its winter quarters near Baghlan in northeastern Afghanistan. Some of the best qualities of “Herat Baluch” carpets are woven by Timuri in Badghis, classified by the name of the respective ṭaefa such as Kawdanī, Šērḵānī, Yaʿqūbḵānī, or Zakanī.
  3. ^ Jonathan L. Lee (1996). The "ancient supremacy": Bukhara, Afghanistan, and the battle for Balkh, 1731-1901. BRILL. pp. 108–. ISBN 978-90-04-10399-3. Retrieved 31 March 2011.