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Timothy Conigrave

Tim Conigrave (19 November 1959 – 18 October 1994) was an Australian actor, writer, and activist.

Timothy Conigrave
Timothy Conigrave.jpg
Timothy Fairfax Conigrave

(1959-11-19)19 November 1959
Died18 October 1994(1994-10-18) (aged 34)
Cause of deathAIDS-related illness
OccupationActor, writer, activist
Notable work
Holding the Man
Partner(s)John Caleo (1977 – 1992; Caleo's death)

Education and careerEdit

Conigrave was born in Melbourne, and attended the Jesuit-run Xavier College, and later Monash University, where he appeared in Bertolt Brecht's A Man's a Man and Ariane Mnouchkine's 1789. Following graduation, he worked with St Martin's Youth Arts Centre. Under the direction of Helmut Bakaitis, Alison Richards, and Val Levkowicz he performed in the touring productions of The Zig & Zag Follies, Cain's Hand and Quick-Eze Cafe. In July 1981 he performed in the Australian Performing Group's (APG) production of Bold Tales at The Pram Factory, under the direction of Peter King. Also in 1981 he worked on Edward Bond's Saved for the Guild Theatre Company and completed his first play, The Blitz Kids, which was performed at the La Mama Theatre (Adelaide) in August that year.

Conigrave later moved to Sydney to study at National Institute of Dramatic Art (NIDA), graduating in 1984. Two years later he was instrumental in initiating the acclaimed Soft Targets (1986) project at Sydney's Griffin Theatre Company, where for a period he served on the board of directors.

He appeared in such plays as Brighton Beach Memoirs, As Is, and On Top of the World. He was also a playwright, producing works including Thieving Boy, Like Stars in your Hands and The Blitz Kids.

He was a member of The Globos, a musical comedy cabaret group, performing at Sydney's Kinselas nightclub in the mid-1980s.

His major work, the autobiographical Holding the Man (1995), is the story of his 15-year love affair with John Caleo. They met as students at Xavier College; Caleo was captain of the rugby team and Conigrave wanted to be an actor. Conigrave finished the book shortly before dying of an AIDS-related illness. The book was published by Penguin Books in Australia in February 1995, and also in Spain and North America. It won the 1995 United Nations Award for Non-Fiction.

Holding the Man has been adapted into a multi-award-winning play by Tommy Murphy. The premiere production was directed by David Berthold at Griffin Theatre Company. It later played a return season at Griffin, February – March 2007, where it also sold out, before transferring to the Sydney Opera House for a third sell-out season, 9–26 May 2007. Company B at the Belvoir St Theatre hosted a fourth season 22 September – 4 November 2007. A fifth season played at the Brisbane Powerhouse in early March 2008, with a sixth following as part of Melbourne Theatre Company's 2008 season, 19 March – 26 April 2008. In 2010 it played in London's Trafalgar Studios. There have also been productions in San Francisco, Auckland, New Zealand, and more recently a 2014 production in Los Angeles directed by Larry Moss and featuring Nate Jones, Adam J. Yeend, Cameron Daddo and Roxane Wilson, as well as a successful run in the summer of 2018 at Chicago's Pride Films and Plays.[1]

On 27 August 2015 a film version of Holding the Man opened in cinemas across Australia. The film is directed by Neil Armfield and features Ryan Corr (Tim) and Craig Stott (John).

A documentary based on the lives of Tim Conigrave and John Caleo, Remembering the Man, premiered at the Adelaide Film Festival on Sunday 18 October 2015. ArtsHub applauded the film as "powerful and engaging; a fitting tribute to Tim Conigrave, the author of an ur-text of the AIDS pandemic, and his husband, John Caleo."[2] The Guardian said "this film goes straight (so to speak) to the gay pool room" when it placed the Remembering the Man on its list of Australia's 10 best LGBT films.[3] FilmInk called the film a "Beautifully crafted documentary" and noted that "Despite the tragedy that is at the heart of this documentary, it, like Holding The Man, is a peculiarly uplifting and hopeful film. Operatic even. Tim would have liked that."[4] Remembering the Man won the Audience Awards for best documentary at the Adelaide Film Festival 2015,[5] Sydney's Mardi Gras Film Festival 2016[6] and the Melbourne Queer Film Festival 2016.[7] The film also won the David McCarthy Award for best documentary at the Melbourne Queer Film Festival 2016,[7] the jury prize for best documentary at the MiFo LGBT Festival 2016[8] and the award for Best Documentary (Biography) and the 2015 ATOM Awards.[9] The documentary's directors, Nickolas Bird and Eleanor Sharpe, were nominated for best direction of a feature documentary at the 2016 Australian Director's Guild Awards.[10]

Later life and deathEdit

Conigrave and Caleo were diagnosed with HIV in 1985. They remained relatively healthy until 1990. In 1991, Caleo was diagnosed with cancer. Conigrave nursed Caleo, despite fighting his own illness. John Caleo died on Australia Day, 26 January 1992, aged 31. Tim Conigrave died on 18 October 1994, aged 34.


  1. ^ "Review: Holding the Man (Pride Films and Plays)". Chicago Theater Beat. 8 August 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  2. ^ Watts, Richard. "Remembering the Man". ArtsHub Australia.
  3. ^ Buckmaster, Luke (6 April 2016). "'I will survive!': Australia's 10 best LGBT films". The Guardian.
  4. ^ "Remembering the Man", FilmInk
  5. ^ "2015 Audience Award Winners Announced". Adelaide Film Festival.
  6. ^ "Queer Screen's Mardi Gras Film Festival on Tour Sydney Winners Announced" (PDF). 14 March 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^ "OUTshine Film Festival - Winners".
  9. ^
  10. ^ "The 2016 Australian Directors Guild Awards Nominations are Revealed" (PDF). 12 April 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2016.

External linksEdit