Timing of Sahabah becoming Muslims

The chronology of the conversion to Islam of the companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad has attracted scholarly attention. It is an important topic in the seera literature (biographies of Muhammad).

BackgroundEdit

The other early companion converts heard of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad's beliefs through the first converts, next converts and so on and even through the disbelieving non-Muslims, by word of mouth. It was primarily by word of mouth because oral communication was the primary means of spreading information. They heard of the open calls for the acceptance of Islam to the tribal leaders, calling to the worship of One God instead of many, critiquing their society, proposing solutions to various problems and requesting a collective reorientation of their dark-age society based on an Islamic worldview.[1]: 159–182, 327–331 

Earliest convertsEdit

The first converts to Islam at the time of Muhammad were:[1]: 153–160 [2]: 38–42 

  1. Khadija bint Khuwaylid - First person to convert and first free female convert.[1]: 153–154 [2]: 38–39 
  2. Ali ibn Abi Talib - First free male child in Muhammad's family to convert.[1]: 154–155 [2]: 40 [3]
  3. Zayd ibn Harithah - First freed slave male convert.[1]: 155–156 [2]: 41 
  4. Abu Bakr - First free adult male and nobleman to accept Islam and also the first outside the clan of Hashim among the Quraysh.[1]: 158–160 [2]: 41 

Other conversionsEdit

Some other early converts were:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Muḥammad as-Sallābī, ʻAlī (2005). "The Early States of Secret Calling". The Noble Life of The Prophet (peace be upon him) (1st ed.). Riyadh: Darussalam. ISBN 9789960967875. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e Ibn Hishām, ʻAbd al-Malik (2000). Sirat Ibn Hisham (1st ed.). Cairo: al-Falah Foundation. ISBN 9775813808. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  3. ^ a b Tabari. Tarikh e Tabari. I (Muhammad ibn Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqas) asked my father whether Abu Bakr was the first of the Muslims. He said, 'No, more than fifty people embraced Islam before Abu Bakr; but he was superior to us as a Muslim. He also writes that Umar Bin Khattab embraced Islam after forty-five men and twenty-one women. As for the foremost one in the matter of Islam and faith, it was Ali Bin Abi Talib.'
  4. ^ Al-Isabah [vol 8 ./189-190] with additional details taken from 'at-Tabaqat al-Kubra Volume 8 pg 193. [1][permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Sa'ad Ibn Abi Waqqas (radhi allahu anhu) Archived 2005-09-10 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Marriage to a 'past': Parents should not reject a proporal without a good reasons - and being a convert with a past is not an acceptable one". themodernreligion.com.
  7. ^ Asma bint-Abu-Bakr Archived 2006-08-23 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Suyuti. "Umar". History of the Caliphs. quoting al-Dhahabi: 'He (Umar) accepted Islam in the sixth year of prophecy when he was twenty-seven years old.'