Timeline of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

This is a timeline of major events in the history of the modern state of Jordan.

Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire periodEdit

The two Ottoman vilayets into which today's Jordan was split
Mandate for Palestine

Emirate and Mandate periodEdit

Emirate of Trans-Jordan | Mandate for Palestine
  • 1921: In March, the Cairo Conference (1921) agrees to award the Emirate of Trans-Jordan to Abdullah and the mandate of Mesopotamia to Faisal[6] During the conference, Winston Churchill convinced Abdullah to stay put and not attack the French because that would threaten his throne in Transjordan since the French had military superiority over his forces.[7]
  • 1922: The Council of the League of Nations accepts the British Transjordan memorandum defining the limits of Trans-Jordan and excluding that territory from the provisions in the Mandate concerning the Jewish national home.[8]
Emirate of Trans-Jordan | Trans-Jordan memorandum
  • 1922: British Government passes the Order defining Boundaries of Territory to which the Palestine Order-in-Council does not applyl see Trans-Jordan memorandum
  • 1923: Britain recognises Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • 1923: Frederick Peake's "Mobile Force" becomes Al Jeish al Arabi (the Arab Army), known in English as the Arab Legion
  • 1925: Hadda Agreement between TransJordan and Nejd formally agrees the boundary between the two countries following the Kuwait Conference. The agreement concludes by stating "This Agreement will remain in force for so long as His Britannic Majesty's Government are entrusted with the Mandate for Trans-Jordan"[9]

Post-Mandate periodEdit

Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Post 1948 warEdit

Image showing the approximate land exchanged between Jordan (gaining green) and Saudi Arabia (gaining red)
  • 1951: Riad as-Solh, former Lebanese prime minister, was assassinated in Amman by member of the Syrian Nationalist Party.[10]
  • 1951: King Abdullah I of Jordan was assassinated in Jerusalem by a Palestinian after rumors circulating about his intent to sign a peace treaty with Israel. Talal is proclaimed king after his father.
  • 1952: Constitution of Jordan established. Talal abdicates the throne due to illness.
  • 1955: Wide scale violent anti-Hashemite riots across Jordan result in resignation of the Majali government and retraction of Jordan from the Baghdad Pact. An anti-Christian riot also takes place in Madaba the same year.
  • 1956: King Hussein sacks the British personnel in the Jordanian army, an act of Arabization to ensure the complete soveireginty of Jordan.
  • 1957: 1957 alleged Jordanian military coup attempt.
  • 1958: Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan created in February, shortly before the creation of United Arab Republic between Egypt and Syria. It was disestablished following the 14 July Revolution in Iraq.
  • 1965: Jordan and Saudi Arabia concluded a bilateral agreement that realigned and delimited the boundary, resulting in some exchange of territory, allowing Jordan to expand its port facilities at Aqaba and protecting the pasturage and watering rights of certain nomadic tribes.
  • 1967: Six-Day War

Post 1967 warEdit

See alsoEdit


  • Harding, G. Lankester. 1959. The Antiquities of Jordan. Lutterworth Press, London. 2nd impression, 1960.
  1. ^ A Peace To End All Peace, David Fromkin, Avon Books, New York, 1990
  2. ^ a b c Robins, P. (2004). A History of Jordan. Cambridge University Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-521-59895-8. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
  3. ^ Maunsell 1926 p. 212
  4. ^ Tucker, S.C.; Roberts, P. (2008). Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict, The: A Political, Social, and Military History: A Political, Social, and Military History. ABC-CLIO. p. 354. ISBN 978-1-85109-842-2. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
  5. ^ Salibi, K.S. (1998). The Modern History of Jordan. I. B. Tauris. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-86064-331-6. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
  6. ^ "Cairo Conference - 1921 - and T.E. Lawrence". cliohistory.org. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
  7. ^ "Churchill and Palestine, David Lyon Hurwitz". findarticles.com. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
  8. ^ Cmd. 5479, 1937, p. 37.
  9. ^ Leatherdale, C. (1983). Britain and Saudi Arabia, 1925-1939: The Imperial Oasis. F. Cass. p. 378. ISBN 9780714632209. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
  10. ^ Kamil Dib, "Warlords and Merchants, The Lebanese Business and Political Establishment", page 89

External linksEdit