Timeline of the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season

The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season was an event in the annual tropical cyclone season in the north Atlantic Ocean. It was the fourth consecutive above-normal Atlantic hurricane season.[a][2] The season officially began on June 1, 2019 and ended on November 30, 2019. These dates, adopted by convention, historically describe the period in each year when most tropical systems form.[3] However, storm formation is possible at any time of the year, as demonstrated in 2019 by the formation of the season's first named storm, Subtropical Storm Andrea, on May 20. The final storm of the season, Tropical Storm Sebastien, transitioned to an extratropical cyclone on November 25.

Timeline of the
2019 Atlantic hurricane season
A map of the tracks of all the storms of the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season.
Season summary map
Season boundaries
First system formedMay 20, 2019
Last system dissipatedNovember 25, 2019
Strongest system
NameDorian
Maximum winds185 mph (295 km/h)
(1-minute sustained)
Lowest pressure910 mbar (hPa; 26.87 inHg)
Longest lasting system
NameDorian
Duration14.25 days
Storm articles
Other years
2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's 2019 seasonal outlook called for 10–17 named storms, including 5–9 hurricanes and 2–4 major hurricanes. Altogether, the season produced 18 named storms, including six hurricanes of which three intensified into major hurricanes.[b][2] Two major hurricanes, Dorian and Lorenzo, became Category 5 storms, causing the season to become the fourth consecutive with at least one Category 5 hurricane. Dorian inflicted catastrophic damage across the Bahamas. The hurricane killed at least 70 people and caused at least US$3.4 billion in damage, making it the costliest hurricane in the country's history. While Lorenzo did not affect land as a Category 5 hurricane, it caused US$367 million in damage and killed 19, with over half of the deaths being attributed to the sinking of a tugboat known as the Bourbon Rhode.[5][6][7][8] In March 2021, the name Dorian was retired from reuse in the North Atlantic by the World Meteorological Organization.[9]

This timeline documents tropical cyclone formations, strengthening, weakening, landfalls, extratropical transitions, and dissipations during the season. It includes information that was not released throughout the season, meaning that data from post-storm reviews by the National Hurricane Center, such as a storm that was not initially warned upon, has been included.

By convention, meteorologists use one time zone when issuing forecasts and making observations: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), and also use the 24-hour clock (where 00:00 = midnight UTC).[10] In this timeline, all information is listed by UTC first with the respective local time included in parentheses.

TimelineEdit

Tropical Storm Olga (2019)Tropical Storm Nestor (2019)Tropical Storm Melissa (2019)Hurricane Lorenzo (2019)Tropical Storm ImeldaHurricane Humberto (2019)Tropical Storm Fernand (2019)Hurricane DorianHurricane Barry (2019)Saffir–Simpson scale

MayEdit

May 20

May 21

JuneEdit

June 1

  • The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season officially begins.[3]

JulyEdit

July 10

July 11

July 12

 
Hurricane Barry shortly after making landfall along the Gulf Coast of Louisiana on July 13

July 13

July 14

July 15

July 22

July 23

AugustEdit

August 20

August 21

August 22

 
Track of Tropical Storm Chantal

August 23

August 24

August 26

August 27

August 28

August 29

August 30

August 31

SeptemberEdit

 
Hurricane Dorian near peak intensity making landfall on Great Abaco on September 1

September 1

September 2

September 3

September 4

September 5

September 6

September 7

September 8

September 10

September 13

September 14

 
Hurricane Humberto as a Category 3 major hurricane on September 18

September 16

September 17

September 18

 
Hurricane Jerry east of the Leeward Islands on September 19

September 19

September 20

September 21

September 22

September 23

September 24

September 25

September 26

September 27

September 28

 
IR Animation of Hurricane Lorenzo reaching peak intensity, September 29 – SSEC/CIMSS, University of Wisconsin–Madison.

September 29

OctoberEdit

October 2

October 11

October 12

October 14

October 16

October 18

 
Track of Tropical Storm Nestor

October 19

October 25

October 26

 
Hurricane Pablo on October 27

October 27

October 28

October 30

NovemberEdit

November 1

November 19

November 23

November 25

November 30

  • The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season officially ends.[3]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ An average Atlantic hurricane season, as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has 12 tropical storms, seven hurricanes and three major hurricanes.[1]
  2. ^ Hurricanes reaching Category 3 (111 miles per hour (179 km/h)) and higher on the 5-level Saffir–Simpson wind speed scale are considered major hurricanes.[4]
  3. ^ The figures for maximum sustained winds and position estimates are rounded to the nearest 5 units (knots, miles, or kilometers), following the convention used in the National Hurricane Center's operational products for each storm. All other units are rounded to the nearest digit.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Background Information: North Atlantic Hurricane Season". College Park, Maryland: NOAA Climate Prediction Center. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  2. ^ a b Gaches, Lauren (November 26, 2019). "Active 2019 Atlantic hurricane season comes to an end". Washington, D.C.: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Dorst, Neal (June 1, 2018). "Hurricane Season Information". Frequently Asked Questions About Hurricanes. Miami, Florida: NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  4. ^ "Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale". Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 6, 2020.
  5. ^ Karimi, Faith; Thornton, Chandler (September 12, 2019). "1,300 people are listed as missing nearly 2 weeks after Hurricane Dorian hit the Bahamas". CNN. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  6. ^ Miller, Kimberly (September 30, 2019). "Hurricane Lorenzo should never have made it to a Cat 5, but it did". The Palm Beach Post. West Palm Beach, Florida. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  7. ^ Fedschun, Travis (2019-09-30). "Hurricane Lorenzo sinks tugboat carrying 14 crew members; at least 1 found dead at sea, 3 rescued". Fox News. Retrieved 2021-03-21.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o David A. Zelinsky (December 16, 2019). Hurricane Lorenzo (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
  9. ^ "WMO Hurricane Committee retires tropical cyclone names and ends the use of Greek alphabet". Geneva, Switzerland: World Meteorological Organization. March 17, 2021. Retrieved April 29, 2021.
  10. ^ "Understanding the Date/Time Stamps". miami, Florida: NOAA National Hurricane Center. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  11. ^ a b c Andrew S. Latto (August 6, 2019). Subtropical Storm Andrea (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  12. ^ Stacy Stewart (July 10, 2019). Tropical Storm Barry Advisory Number 1 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e f John P. Cangialosi; Andrew B. Hagen; Robbie Berg (November 19, 2019). Hurricane Barry (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  14. ^ Jack Beven (July 13, 2019). Tropical Storm Barry Intermediate Advisory Number 13A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  15. ^ Stacy Stewart (July 14, 2019). Tropical Depression Barry Advisory Number 18 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  16. ^ a b c David A. Zelinsky (August 19, 2019). Tropical Depression Three (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  17. ^ a b c d Robbie Berg (October 25, 2019). Tropical Storm Chantal (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Lixion A. Avila; Stacy Stewart; Robbie Berg; Andrew B. Hagen (April 20, 2020). Hurricane Dorian (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  19. ^ a b c d e Eric S. Blake (November 15, 2019). Tropical Storm Erin (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  20. ^ Eric Blake (August 30, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Intermediate Advisory Number 23 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  21. ^ Lixion Avila (August 30, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Intermediate Advisory Number 25A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  22. ^ John Cangialosi; Andrew Latto (August 31, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Tropical Cyclone Update (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  23. ^ Lixion Avila (September 1, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Intermediate Advisory Number 32A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  24. ^ Daniel Brown (September 2, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Advisory Number 37 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  25. ^ Robbie Berg (September 3, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Tropical Cyclone Update (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  26. ^ a b c d Richard J. Pasch (January 14, 2020). Tropical Storm Fernand (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  27. ^ Daniel Brown (September 3, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Advisory Number 41 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  28. ^ a b c John L. Beven (January 3, 2020). Tropical Storm Gabrielle (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  29. ^ John Cangialosi (September 5, 2019). Remnants Of Fernand Advisory Number 8 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 13, 2019.
  30. ^ Lixion Avila (September 4, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Advisory Number 47 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  31. ^ Jack Beven (September 5, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Advisory Number 49 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  32. ^ Jack Beven (September 7, 2019). Hurricane Dorian Special Advisory Number 58 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 25, 2020.
  33. ^ Eric Blake; Lixion Avila (September 7, 2019). Post-Tropical Cyclone Dorian Tropical Cyclone Update (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  34. ^ a b c d e f Stacy Stewart (February 19, 2020). hurricane Humberto (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
  35. ^ John Cangialosi (September 14, 2019). Tropical Storm Humberto Advisory Number 6 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  36. ^ a b c d e f Daniel Brown (December 11, 2019). Hurricane Jerry (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
  37. ^ Stacy Stewart (September 17, 2019). Hurricane Humberto Intermediate Advisory Number 19A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  38. ^ a b c d Andy Latto; Robbie Berg (February 7, 2020) [Original date January 29, 2020]. Tropical Storm Imelda (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
  39. ^ Richard Pasch (September 18, 2019). Hurricane Humberto Intermediate Advisory Number 21A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  40. ^ Richard Pasch (September 18, 2019). Tropical Depression Imelda Intermediate Advisory Number 2A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  41. ^ Eric Blake (September 20, 2019). Hurricane Jerry Advisory Number 13 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h John P. Cangialosi; Nelsie A. Ramos (December 16, 2019). Tropical Storm Karen (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
  43. ^ Stacy Stewart (September 23, 2019). Tropical Storm Karen Intermediate Advisory Number 4A (Report). Miami Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
  44. ^ Stacy Stewart (October 2, 2019). Hurricane Lorenzo Intermediate Advisory Number 39A...Corrected (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
  45. ^ Andy Latto (October 11, 2019). Subtropical Storm Melissa Advisory Number 1 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  46. ^ a b c Robbie Berg (December 31, 2019). Tropical Storm Melissa (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  47. ^ a b Lixion A. Avila (November 1, 2019). Tropical Depression Fifteen (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  48. ^ a b c Andrew B. Hagen; Eric Blake; Robbie Berg (February 28, 2020). Tropical Storm Nestor (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
  49. ^ Michael Brennan (October 18, 2019). Tropical Storm Nestor Intermediate Advisory Number 5A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  50. ^ John Cangialosi (Oct 18, 2019). Tropical Storm Nestor Intermediate Advisory Number 6A...Corrected (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  51. ^ Stacy Stewart (October 19, 2019). Post-Tropical Cyclone Nestor Advisory Number 9 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  52. ^ Stacy Stewart (October 19, 2019). Post-Tropical Cyclone Nestor Intermediate Advisory Number 9A (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  53. ^ a b c John L. Beven (January 27, 2020). Hurricane Pablo (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
  54. ^ a b c d e f Richard J. Pasch; Robbie Berg; Andrew B. Hagen (March 19, 2020). Tropical Storm Olga (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
  55. ^ "How Tropical Storm Olga changed as it moved to Louisiana". New Orleans, Louisiana: WWL-TV. October 28, 2019. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
  56. ^ Andrew Latto (October 27, 2019). Hurricane Pablo Advisory Number 9 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  57. ^ a b Stacy Stewart (December 9, 2019). Subtropical Storm Rebekah (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  58. ^ a b c Daniel P. Brown (February 3, 2020). Tropical Storm Sebastien (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 24, 2020.

External linksEdit