Timeline of military aviation
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- 1794 – French Aerostatic Corps use a tethered balloon at the Battle of Fleurus as a vantage point.
- 1849 – In 1849, Austrian forces besieging Venice launched some 200 incendiary balloons, each carrying a 24- to 30-pound bomb that was to be dropped from the balloon with a time fuse over the besieged city. The balloons were launched from land and from the Austrian navy ship SMS Vulcano that acted as a balloon carrier.
- 1861 – The Union Army Balloon Corps is established during the American Civil War.
- 1878 – The British Army Balloon Equipment Store is established at the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich by the Royal Engineers.
- 1885 – Balloons are deployed by the British Army to Bechuanaland and Suakin.
- 1888 – The British Army School of Ballooning is established.
- 1907 – The first military air organization, the Aeronautical Division of the U.S. Army Signal Corps, is formed 1 August
- 1907 – British Colonel John Capper flies the military airship Nulli Secundus from Farnborough to Crystal Palace in London.
- 1909 – Heavier-than-air military aviation is born with the US Army's purchase of Signal Corps Aeroplane No. 1.
- 1910 – The first experimental take-off of a heavier-than-air craft from the deck of a US Navy vessel, the cruiser USS Birmingham
- 1910 – First bombing attack against a surface ship: Didier Masson and Captain Joaquín Bauche Alcalde, flying for Mexican Revolutionist Venustiano Carranza, dropped dynamite bombs on Federalist gunboats at Guaymas, Mexico, on 10 May 1913.
- 1910 – The Aviation Militaire of the French Army is formed 22 October.
- 1911 – The Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers is formed, the first British heavier-than-air unit.
- 1911 – Heavier-than-air aircraft are used in war for the first time during the Italo-Turkish War.
- 1912 - The Royal Flying Corps is formed. A few months later the Dominion of Australia also formed the Australian Flying Corps.
- 1914 - The Royal Naval Air Service is formed by splitting airship squadrons away from the Royal Flying Corps.
- 1914 – In August, Russian Staff-Captain Pyotr Nesterov becomes the first pilot to ram his plane into an enemy spotter aircraft.
- 1914 – 6 September, the first aircraft raid was launched by the Japanese seaplane carrier Wakamiya on Qingdao.
- 1914 – In October, a plane[who?] is shot down by another aircraft[who?] with a handgun over Rheims, France.
- 1914 – The first conventional air-to-air kill occurs on 5 October when a gunner on a French Voisin machine-guns a German Aviatik reconnaissance aircraft in World War I.
- 1918 - The Royal Air Force, the world's first independent air force is formed.
- 1918 - HMS Argus (I49) became "the world's first carrier capable of launching and landing naval aircraft".
- 1940 - The Battle of Britain, the first major campaign to be fought entirely by air forces, was fought.
- 1958 - The first ever air-to-air kill with a missile, when a Chinese Nationalist North American F-86 Sabre kills a Chinese PLAAF Mikoyan-Guryevich MiG-15 during the Second Taiwan Strait Crisis
- 1980 - The only confirmed air-to-air helicopter battles occur during the Iran–Iraq War.
- Military Aircraft, Origins to 1918: An Illustrated History of Their Impact, Justin D. Murphy, page 9-10
- Mikesh, Robert C. "Japan's World War II balloon bomb attacks on North America." (1973).
- Colonel Templer and the birth of aviation at Farnborough, RAeS, May 2007
- Gerard J. De Groot (2005). The bomb: a life. Harvard University Press. pp. 2–. ISBN 978-0-674-01724-5. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Christopher Chant (2002). A century of triumph: the history of aviation. Simon and Schuster. p. 68. ISBN 978-0-7432-3479-5.
- Geoffrey Till, "Adopting the Aircraft Carrier: The British, Japanese, and American Case Studies" in Murray, Williamson; Millet, Allan R, eds. (1996). Military Innovation in the Interwar Period. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 194. ISBN 0-521-63760-0.
- David R. Mets (December 2008). Airpower and Technology: Smart and Unmanned Weapons. ABC-CLIO. pp. 85–86. ISBN 978-0-275-99314-6. Retrieved 6 April 2011.