Timeline of São Tomé

The following is a timeline of the capital city of São Tomé as well as Água Grande District (since 1975, much of the district is covered by this city) in the island of São Tomé. São Tomé and Príncipe.

Before the 20th century edit

  • Between mid January 1469 and 1471 - The northeast of the island were discovered by the explorers João de Santarém and Pêro Escobar
  • 1493:
  • 1522 - The city of São Tomé becomes colonial capital of the island
  • 1534 - The city of São Tomé became a bishopric through the Bull "Aequum reputamus" of Pope Paul IV, the diocese of Tomé (now São Tomé and Príncipe) was established, also the Our Lady of Grace church became a cathedral[1]
  • 1575 - Fort São Sebastião near the town of São Tomé built
  • 1576-1578 - Our Lady of Grace Cathedral made renovation works[2]
  • 1595 - 9 July: Rei Amador and most of the slaves took part in the Angolar revolt, they marched into the capital and were subjugated a year later[3]
  • 1598
    • August - Governor's office taken by the Dutch
    • October - Governor's office retaken by the Portuguese
  • 1709 - Colonial office taken by the French
  • 1715 - Colonial office retaken by the Portuguese
  • 1753 - Colonial capital of Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe moved from São Tomé to Santo António on the island of Príncipe
  • 1784 - The front part of Our Lady of Grace Cathedral in São Tomé was in ruins
  • 1814 - Our Lady of Grace Cathedral was restored again at the initiative of the local population
  • 1848 - Benga king Bonkoro II from the island of Corisco (today, a part of Equatorial Guinea) moved to the island and the city after rivalries with Munga I who succeeded him
  • 1852 - The town of São Tomé (now city) was again colonial capital of Portuguese São Tomé and Príncipe
  • 1868 - Banco Nacional Ultramarino opened its branch in the island of São Tomé, it existed until 1975
  • 1885 - The early São Sebastião Lighthouse in the island of São Tomé built
  • 1890: - Ilhéu das Cabras lighthouse built north of the island of São Tomé
  • 1910:
    • The Chief Expedition of the German Central African Expedition stopped by the island at Sāo Tomé at its port then left for the Congo[4]
    • The German Central African Expedition led by Schultze and Midbraed stopped by the island at São Tomé at its port, the left for Annobón and the Congo[4]

20th century edit

21st century edit

References edit

  1. ^ Mata, Inocência (1993-01-01). Emergência e existência de uma literatura: o caso santomense (in Portuguese). Edições ALAC.
  2. ^ "HPIP". www.hpip.org. Retrieved 2016-05-11.
  3. ^ Lemos, Carlos Neves. Esboço Histórico das Ilhas de S.Tomé e Príncipe. 1975
  4. ^ a b Adolf Friedrich, Duke of Mecklenburg Schwerin (1913). "German Central African Expedition: 1910-1911" (in German).
  5. ^ Rowlett, Russ (September 16, 2005). "Lighthouses of São Tomé and Príncipe". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
  6. ^ Milheiro, Ana Vaz (19 March 2015). "São Tomé e Príncipe e o trabalho do Gabinete de Urbanização Colonial (1944-1974)" [São Tomé and Príncipe And Work of the Colonial Urbanisation Cabinet (1944-1974)] (PDF). Virtina ST.
  7. ^ "7502 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  8. ^ Biafra Relief Heroes: remembering--in the words of those who were there..., Voice of Biafra International. Retrieved 2013-11-24
  9. ^ Nick, Sophie; Koudawo, Fafail (2000). Pluralismo de Informação nos PALOP (in Portuguese). São João do Estoril, Lisbon: Principia Editora. p. 83. ISBN 9789728500375.
  10. ^ "Table 8 - Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants", Demographic Yearbook – 2018, United Nations
  11. ^ "Jornal de São Tomé". www.jornal.st. Archived from the original on 2 September 2006. Retrieved 13 January 2022.