Timeline of Pretoria

The following is a timeline of the history of Pretoria, in the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, Gauteng province, South Africa.

AncientEdit

  • 200 000 ya artefacts found in a rock shelter on the Erasmus Castle property.

19th centuryEdit

 
city plan, 1895

20th centuryEdit

1900s-1940sEdit

1950s-1990sEdit

21st centuryEdit

 
Map of Tshwane, showing location of Pretoria, 2006
 
View of Pretoria, 2008

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Heenan 1996.
  2. ^ a b "Pretoria (South Africa) -- Newspapers". Global Resources Network. Chicago, US: Center for Research Libraries. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e Bell 1905.
  4. ^ "Parks". City of Tshwane. Archived from the original on 17 August 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  5. ^ a b Mathabatha 2004.
  6. ^ a b c d "Pretoria the Segregated City". Cape Town: South African History Online. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Letter from Pretoria: Purple haze deemed too pesky to plant", Chicago Tribune, 28 October 2002
  8. ^ "Movie Theaters in Pretoria, South Africa". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e "Pretoria Timeline 1800-2009". Cape Town: South African History Online. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
  11. ^ http://pretoria.co.za/directory/arts/theatre/breytenbach-theatre
  12. ^ "Our Story". Hatfield, Pretoria: Historical Association of South Africa. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  13. ^ a b Jacqueline Audrey Kalley; et al., eds. (1999). Southern African Political History: A Chronology of Key Political Events from Independence to Mid-1997. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-30247-3.
  14. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  15. ^ "1983: Car bomb in South Africa kills 16". BBC. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
  16. ^ http://rekordeast.co.za/35291/mamelodi-massacre-commemorated/
  17. ^ a b United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  18. ^ a b "Organizations". International Relations and Security Network. Switzerland: Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  19. ^ "South Africa". Africa South of the Sahara 2003. Regional Surveys of the World. Europa Publications. 2003. ISBN 9781857431315. ISSN 0065-3896.
  20. ^ "Population of Capital Cities and Cities of 100,000 or More Inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2012. United Nations Statistics Division. 2013.
  21. ^ "City of Tshwane in a Nutshell". City of Tshwane. Archived from the original on 23 September 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  22. ^ "Tshwane.gov.za". City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality. Archived from the original on 2 March 2001 – via Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ "Shantytown Dwellers in South Africa Protest Sluggish Pace of Change", New York Times, 25 December 2005
  24. ^ Andreas Mehler; et al., eds. (2009). "South Africa". Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2008. 5. Koninklijke Brill. pp. 473+. ISBN 978-90-04-17811-3.
  25. ^ Andreas Mehler; et al., eds. (2012). "South Africa". Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2011. 8. Koninklijke Brill. pp. 511+. ISBN 978-90-04-24178-7.
  26. ^ "South African mayors". City Mayors.com. London: City Mayors Foundation. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  27. ^ "Office of the Executive Mayor". City of Tshwane. Archived from the original on 23 September 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  28. ^ World Health Organization (2016), Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database, Geneva
  29. ^ http://showme.co.za/pretoria/tourism/tshwane-announces-bus-rapid-transit-system/
  30. ^ Mataboge, Mmanaledi. "ANC's 2016 headache – retaining the Big 5". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  31. ^ https://www.suninternational.com/time-square/events/time-square-opening-in-pretoria/

This article incorporates information from the Afrikaans Wikipedia and French Wikipedia.

BibliographyEdit

Published in 20th century
Published in 21st century

External linksEdit