Prior to 19th century Edit 19th century Edit
1831 – Pujol appointed
mayor of Oran. 1836 – General Létang transforms the glacis Castle-Nine into a walk which bears its name.
1837 – General
Bugeaud arrived in Oran to negotiate a new treaty (The Treaty of Tafna, May 20) with Emir Abd El-Kader. On November 14 the Emir signed a treaty with Desmichel recognizing its [whose?] authority to the west of Algiers except for Oran, Mostaganem and Arzew. 1845 –
General Lamoricière constructed the "Village Nègre." 1847 – Following a severe drought lasting several months, a terrible epidemic of
cholera strikes, decimating the population of Oran. 1848
Algiers-Oran railway begins operating. Oran becomes the prefecture of the administrative
department of the same name. Creation of the small Basin of the Old Port (four hectares).
A civil hospital is built. 1849 – Cholera outbreak.
Chapelle de Santa Cruz (church) construction begins atop Aïdour. 1858 – December 5: The members of the first general council of Oran, named by Emperor
Napoleon III, meet with the prefecture, with Jules de Pre de Saint-Maur as chairman. 1862 – Slaughterhouse built.
Roman Catholic Diocese of Oran established.  1877 –
University Hospital of Oran construction begins. 1878 – Société de Géographie et d’Archéologie d’Oran founded.
Great Synagogue of Oran built. Oran builds a great extension starting from the place d'Armes. The ravine of l'Oued Rouina is filled. 1881 – Horse-drawn tram begins operating.
Municipal Museum of Oran and Demaeght established. 1886 –
Hôtel de ville d'Oran (city hall) built. 1899 – Electric tram begins operating.
1900 – Population: 93,000. 20th century Edit
1900s–1940s Edit 1907 – Construction of the theatre.
1909 – December 14: the first flight in Oran is carried out by Julien Serviès on a Sommer monoplane at Sénia,. Next 9 January, a great meeting gathers forty thousand people, also in Sénia, in the presence of
Marshal Lyautey. 1912 – Population: 123,086.
 1913 –
Cathedral Sacré Coeur built. 1928 –
Oran socialiste newspaper begins publication. 1930 – Creation of new districts, less dense and more luxurious: these included higher Gambetta, Bon Reception, the Beavers, Médioni, Small Boulanger, Cité... This development continues overall with the creation of districts even more sumptuous, overflowing the first crown (district of Saint-Hubert, Palm trees, Point of the Day, Gambetta...)
1930–32 – Sénia, the Oran aérodrome, is where several world records of duration and distance in closed loop are established.
1936 – Population: 195,000.
Beginning of the construction of the new prefecture.
July 3: following the German invasion of Paris and fall of France, the British fleet attacked from Gibraltar, damaging the French fleet of the Atlantic based at Mers el Kébir. Its bombardment sank three battleships: Dunkerque, and Provence Twelve hundred French sailors died as a result. The British feared that the French fleet could be taken over and used against them. The Vichy government operated in Algeria. Bretagne. 1942 – November 8: as prelude to the invasion of Italy, the British and the Americans land at Arzew, and Oran capitulates on November 10.
MC Oran football club formed. 1947 – Camus' fictional novel
published. The Plague  1948 – Population: 244,594.
 1949 – OS attack post office. 
1950s–1990s Edit 1950 – Oran has 256,661 inhabitants. Sixty-five percent of the Europeans were of Spanish origin, and they outnumbered the Algerian Muslims in the city.
1951 – Dairy built.
1955 – Trefle Apartments (hi-rise) built.
 1957 –
Parc Municipal des Sports (stadium) opens. 1958 – June 6: French president
de Gaulle visits city. 1960
August: appearance of the
Organisation armée secrète. The census states the population of Oran 400,000 inhabitants: 220,000 Europeans (including many born in Algeria) and 180,000 Algerian Muslims. 1962
Edmond Jouhaud, a chief of the Organisation armée secrète, arrested. 5 July: City becomes part of independent Algeria.
5–7 July: Massacre of Europeans occurs. Most survivors of French ancestry left the city, fleeing to France. 1965 –
University of Oran established.  1966 – Population: 327,493.
 1975 –
Abdallah Ibn Salam Mosque established. 1977 – Population: 490,788 city; 543,485 urban agglomeration.
 1985 –
Raï music festival held.  1988 –
1988 October Riots.  1992 –
National Centre of Research in Social and Cultural Anthropology headquartered in Oran. 1994
newspaper begins publication. Le Quotidien d'Oran 12 administrative urban areas created: El-Badr, Bouamama, El-Emir, El-Hamri, El-Houari, El-Makkari, El-Menzeh, Muhieddine, El-Othmania, Es-Saada, and Es-Seddikia. 1998 – Population: 705,335.  21st century Edit References Edit
^ a b c d e f
Phillip C. Naylor (2006). . Scarecrow Press. Historical Dictionary of Algeria ISBN . 978-0-8108-6480-1
J.M. López Marinas; R. Salord (1991). "Problems regarding the investigation of the 1790 Orán seismic period". . Tectonophysics 193 (1–3): 237–239. doi: 10.1016/0040-1951(91)90204-6.
"Chronology of Catholic Dioceses: Algeria". Norway: Roman Catholic Diocese of Oslo . Retrieved . 19 July 2017
Saddek Benkada (2000). "Un Patrimoine culturel: les publications de la Société de Géographie et d'Archéologie d'Oran (1878–1988)". Insaniyat (in French) (12): 115–128. doi: 10.4000/insaniyat.7910. ISSN 2253-0738.
"France: Africa: Algeria". . London: Macmillan and Co. 1921. pp. 880–886 – via Statesman's Year-Book Internet Archive.
"Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1955. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations.
^ a b
"Algeria". Political Chronology of Africa. Political Chronologies of the World. Europa Publications. 2001. p. 1+. ISBN . 978-0203409954
^ a b c
"Tallest buildings in Oran". Emporis.com. Hamburg: Emporis GmbH . Retrieved . 19 July 2017
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
Marc Schade-Poulsen (1999). . University of Texas Press. Men and Popular Music in Algeria: The Social Significance of Raï ISBN . 978-0-292-77740-8
"Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2005. United Nations Statistics Division.
"Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2015. United Nations Statistics Division. 2016. Wahran
"Algeria Inaugurates New Renault Plant in Oran", New York Times, 10 November 2014
"AG extraordinaire aujourd'hui: L'APC d'Oran passera de 12 à 18 délégations communales", (in French), Oran, 16 January 2017 Le Quotidien d'Oran
"APC d'Oran: Installation de nouveaux directeurs", Le Carrefour d'Algérie (in French), Oran, 6 February 2017 This article incorporates information from the French Wikipedia and Spanish Wikipedia. Bibliography Edit
in English Edit
R. Lambert Playfair (1895), "City of Oran", Handbook for Travellers in Algeria and Tunis (5th ed.), London: J. Murray, OCLC 4443952
"Oran", , London: T. Cook & Son, 1904 Cook's Practical Guide to Algiers, Algeria and Tunisia
"Oran", The Mediterranean: Seaports and Sea Routes, including Madeira, the Canary Islands, the Coast of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, Leipzig: Karl Baedeker, 1911, OCLC 490068
Bruce E. Stanley; Michael R.T. Dumper, eds. (2008), "Oran", Cities of the Middle East and North Africa, US: ABC-CLIO, p. 289+, ISBN 9781576079201
Joshua Schreier (2012). "Creation of the 'Israélite indigène' Jewish merchants in early colonial Oran". Journal of North African Studies. 17 (5): 757–772. doi: 10.1080/13629387.2012.723428. ISSN 1362-9387. Joshua Schreier.
The Merchants of Oran: A Jewish Port at the Dawn of Empire. Stanford Studies in Jewish History and Culture Series.; Stanford Stanford University Press, 2017. 216 pp. , ISBN 978-0-8047-9914-0. Claire Marynower (2013). "Full place of power: interwar Oran, the French empire's bullring?". Journal of North African Studies. 18 (5): 690–702. doi: 10.1080/13629387.2013.849895.
in French Edit
G. Seguy (1888). "Oran". In Association française pour l'avancement des sciences (ed.). Oran et l'Algérie en 1887: notices historiques, scientifiques, & economiques (in French). Oran: Paul Perrier. pp. 19–78.
Ch. Brossard, ed. (1906). "Oran: Description des villes: Oran". Colonies françaises. Géographie pittoresque et monumentale de la France (in French). Paris: Flammarion. hdl: 2027/mdp.39015005579753. (+ table of contents)
Jean Cazenave (1926). "Oran cité berbère". Bulletin de la Société de Géographie et d'Archéologie d'Oran (in French). 46.
René Lespès (1938). Oran: Etude de geographie et d'histoire urbaines (in French). Paris: Alcan.
Camille Kehl (1942). Oran et l'Oranie avant l'occupation Française (in French). L. Fouque.
Robert Tinthoin (1956). "Oran, ville moderne". (in French). L'Information géographique 20. ISSN 1777-5876 – via Persee.fr.
Andrée Dagorne (1995). "Oran, Métropole de l'Ouest algérien, d'hier à aujourd'hui". (in French). Cahiers de la Méditerranée 51. ISSN 1773-0201 – via Persee.fr.
Bendjelid, Abed; Hadeid, Mohamed; Messahel, Abdellah; Trache, Sidi Mohammed (2004). "Oran une ville d'Algérie". Insaniyat (in French) (23–24): 7–44. doi: 10.4000/insaniyat.5340. ISSN 2253-0738.
Dalila Senhadji Khiat (2010). "Les mosquées en Algérie ou l'espace reconquis: l'exemple d'Oran". L'Année du Maghreb (in French). 6: 291–303. doi: 10.4000/anneemaghreb.907. ISSN 2109-9405 – via Revues.org. External links Edit
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