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Timeline of Mecca

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

Prior to 20th centuryEdit

20th centuryEdit

21st centuryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Sardar 2014.
  2. ^ a b John L. Esposito (2003). "Chronology of Key Events". Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 351+. ISBN 978-0-19-975726-8.
  3. ^ New Encyclopedia of Islam. USA: AltaMira Press. 2003. ISBN 978-0-7591-0190-6.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Hollister 1996.
  5. ^ a b c Haydn 1910.
  6. ^ a b Tolmacheva 2000.
  7. ^ a b c d Agoston 2009.
  8. ^ Saudi Arabia: Mecca, ArchNet, archived from the original on September 2008
  9. ^ "Saudi Arabia". Political Chronology of the Middle East. Europa Publications. 2003. p. 197+. ISBN 978-1-135-35673-6.
  10. ^ "Turkey". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1890.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Bosworth 2007.
  12. ^ "Arabia: Kingdom of Hejaz". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921.
  13. ^ "Again Holy Mecca Resounds to Arms; City of the Prophet Yields for Second Time in a Century to the Wahabis", New York Times, 2 November 1924
  14. ^ a b "Saudi Arabia". Europa World Year Book. Europa Publications. 2004. p. 3662+. ISBN 978-1-85743-255-8.
  15. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1965. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966. pp. 140–161.
  16. ^ Marwan M. Kraidy; Joe F. Khalil (2009). "Chronology". Arab Television Industries. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 153+. ISBN 978-1-84457-576-3.
  17. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289. Makkah
  18. ^ a b BBC News. "Saudi Arabia Profile: Timeline". Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  19. ^ "Price of Progress: Transforming Islam's Holiest Site", New York Times, 8 March 2007
  20. ^ "Why do thousands want to show off Mecca on a chat app?", BBC News, 11 July 2015
  21. ^ "Snapchat opens digital window on Mecca to millions", al-Jazeera, 14 July 2015

BibliographyEdit

Published in 18th-19th centuries
Published in 20th century
Published in 21st century

External linksEdit