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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Mashhad, Iran.


Prior to 20th centuryEdit

20th centuryEdit

21st centuryEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Bosworth 2007.
  2. ^ a b Mawlawī 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Massumeh Farhad. "Mashhad". Oxford Art Online. Missing or empty |url= (help) Retrieved 9 February 2017
  4. ^ John H. Lorentz (2010). A to Z of Iran. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7638-5.
  5. ^ a b c Streck 1934.
  6. ^ a b c "Mashhad Municipality Portal". Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  7. ^ "Persia". Statesman's Year-Book. London: Macmillan and Co. 1921 – via HathiTrust. Meshed
  8. ^ "City: Mashhad, Iran". ArchNet. MIT Libraries. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  9. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1965. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966. pp. 140–161.
  10. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1985 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 247–289.
  11. ^ "Countries of the World: Iran". Statesman's Yearbook 2003. UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002. ISBN 978-0-333-98096-5.
  12. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2015. United Nations Statistics Division. 2016.

This article incorporates information from the Persian Wikipedia.


in EnglishEdit

in other languagesEdit

  • Muhammad Hasan Khan Sani al-Dawla, Matla' al-shams (in Persian), Tehran, OCLC 45141226 1883-1885
  • M. P. Pagnini Alberti (1971), Strutture commerciali di una città di pelligrinaggio: Mashhad (Iran nord-orientale) (in Italian), Università degli Studi di Trieste, Istituto de Geografia, OCLC 492722329

External linksEdit