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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Khartoum, Sudan.

Contents

19th centuryEdit

  • 1821 - Settlement established by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt.
  • 1824 - "Turko-Egyptian governor Uthman Bey establishes Khartoum as a military centre."[1]
  • 1826 - Ali Khurshid Pasha in power.[1][2]
  • 1829 - Mosque built.[2]
  • 1830 - Town becomes capital of "the Sudanese possessions of Egypt."[3]
  • 1838 - Disease outbreak; capital relocated temporarily to Shendi.[4]
  • 1840 - Flood.[4]
  • 1841 - Flood.[4]
  • 1854 - Muhammad Sa'id Pasha in power.[2]
  • 1856 - Disease outbreak; capital relocated temporarily to Shendi.[4]
  • 1862 - Chamber of Commerce established.[2]
  • 1866 - Consulates of Austria, France, Italy, Persia, and Tuscany established.[2]
  • 1869 - Flood.[5]
  • 1874 - Flood.[5]
  • 1878 - Flood.[4]
  • 1884 - 13 March: Siege of Khartoum begins.
  • 1885
  • 1898
    • 2 September: Conflict between Mahdist and British forces.
    • Seat of government relocates to Khartoum from Omdurman.[3]
  • 1899

20th centuryEdit

 
Aerial view of Khartoum, 1936

21st centuryEdit

 
Aerial view of the cities of Omdurman (top left), Khartoum (lower half), and Bahri (top right), 2005

2000sEdit

2010sEdit

  • 2010 - Population: 4,516,000 (urban agglomeration).[19]
  • 2012
    • June: Economic protest.[24]
    • October: al-Yarmook armament factory bombed.[25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Abdel Salam Sidahmed; Alsir Sidahmed (2004). "Chronology". Sudan. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-47947-4.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Robert S. Kramer; et al. (2013). "Khartoum". Historical Dictionary of the Sudan (4th ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 247+. ISBN 978-0-8108-6180-0.
  3. ^ a b c d Britannica 1910.
  4. ^ a b c d e Davies 1994.
  5. ^ a b c d e Walsh 1994.
  6. ^ "Sudan Gazette". WorldCat. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
  7. ^ "Henry Wellcome's tropical medicine laboratories". London: Wellcome Trust. 2008. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e Eltayeb 2003.
  9. ^ Heather J. Sharkey (2003), Living with Colonialism: Nationalism and Culture in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, University of California Press, ISBN 9780520235588
  10. ^ "International Coalition on Newspapers". Chicago, US: Center for Research Libraries. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  11. ^ Baedeker 1914.
  12. ^ a b c d Stanley 2008.
  13. ^ E. N. Corbyn (1944). "The Kitchener School of Medicine at Khartoum, Sudan". Journal of the Royal African Society. 43. JSTOR 717807.
  14. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1965. New York: Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966.
  15. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1976). "Population of capital city and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 1975. New York. pp. 253–279.
  16. ^ ArchNet. "Khartoum". MIT School of Architecture and Planning. Archived from the original on October 2012.
  17. ^ "Sudan: A Historical Perspective". Georgia, US: Sudan.Net. Archived from the original on 28 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  18. ^ a b "Khartoum". Islamic Cultural Heritage Database. Istanbul: Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture. Archived from the original on 15 April 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
  19. ^ a b c d e f "The State of African Cities 2014". United Nations Human Settlements Programme. ISBN 978-92-1-132598-0. Archived from the original on 10 September 2014.
  20. ^ Barry M. Rubin (2010). Guide to Islamist Movements. M.E. Sharpe. ISBN 978-0-7656-4138-0.
  21. ^ United Nations Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Statistics Division (1997). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". 1995 Demographic Yearbook. New York. pp. 262–321.
  22. ^ Regional Integration in Africa. OECD and African Development Bank. 2002.
  23. ^ a b Karen Fung, African Studies Association (ed.). "Sudan Newspapers". Africa South of the Sahara: Selected Internet Resources. Retrieved 28 January 2013 – via Stanford University, US.
  24. ^ "Sudan Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  25. ^ Andreas Mehler; et al., eds. (2013). "Sudan". Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2012. 9. Koninklijke Brill. p. 398+. ISBN 978-90-04-25600-2.

BibliographyEdit

Published in 20th century
Published in 21st century

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 15°38′00″N 32°32′00″E / 15.633333°N 32.533333°E / 15.633333; 32.533333