Timeline of Jersey City, New Jersey-area railroads
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For the purposes of this article, the Jersey City area extends North to Edgewater (the Northern end of the line along the Hudson River), South to Bayonne and includes Kearny Junction and Harrison but not Newark. Many routes east of Newark are listed here.
Railroad Name AbbreviationsEdit
- B&O: Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
- CNJ: Central Railroad of New Jersey
- DL&W: Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad
- Erie: Erie Railroad
- LV: Lehigh Valley Railroad
- NYC: New York Central Railroad
- NYO&W: New York, Ontario and Western Railway
- NYS&W: New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway
- PATH: Port Authority Trans-Hudson
- PRR: Pennsylvania Railroad
- RDG: Reading Railroad
- September 15: The New Jersey Railroad, which 38 years later would become the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), begins regular trips from Newark to Jersey City's first terminal. The route crosses the Passaic River on the Newark, over Centre Street Bridge to the Hackensack River and onto Jersey City, on the West side of the Palisades. It uses temporary tracks and horse-drawn trains around and over the Bergen Hill, to the Terminal on the Hudson at Paulus Hook for transfer to ferries bound for New York City.
- July 29: The CNJ's Jersey City extension opens, from about Spring Street in Elizabeth to the Jersey City terminal, including a long bridge across Newark Bay.
- February 22: The New Jersey Railroad (PRR) builds a new bridge over the Passaic River, cutting the distance through Newark and Harrison. Some passenger trains continue to use the old alignment, the Centre Street Branch.
- December 2: A frog war begins between the Erie and DL&W at the west end of the Erie's tunnel where the new Boonton Branch would join.
- December 14: The DL&W begins running passenger trains on its Boonton Branch.
- The New York and Fort Lee Railroad (NYC) opens.
- The PRR leases the United New Jersey Railroad and Canal Company.
- January 9: The frog war between the Erie and DL&W ends, with the frog being placed to allow DL&W Boonton Branch trains to run through the Erie's tunnel.
- August 23: Trains are first to run along the Erie's Newark and Hudson Railroad from Newark through their tunnel to Jersey City.
- The Pennsylvania Railroad constructs a new passenger ferry terminal with 12 tracks and six platforms. The wooden terminal is built on piers over the water.
- The Hudson Connecting Railway, part of the New Jersey Midland and later NYS&W, completed to West End Junction with Erie connection to Marion Junction.
- May 12: The DL&W opens its new tunnel through the Palisades, ending its trackage rights through the Erie's tunnel. Included with the tunnel are western approaches to the DL&W mainline and Boonton Branch; the former includes a new bridge over the Hackensack River, south of the old one (which is then used only for the Erie's Newark and Greenwood Lake Branches). The new alignment at first crosses the New Jersey Midland Railroad (NYS&W) at grade.
- The National Docks Railway is constructed to connect the National Storage Company docks at Black Tom with the Pennsylvania Railroad in Jersey City. The PRR controls and operates the railroad until 1889, when control passes to the New York Central Railroad after completion of the New Jersey Junction Railroad. In 1894, the Lehigh Valley Railroad acquired half interest and obtains full control in 1900.
- June 30: The New Jersey Junction Railroad (NYC) leases .24 mi (0.39 km) of the New York and Fort Lee Railroad. The rest later disappears in the West Shore Railroad's (NYC) Weehawken yard.
- July 1: NYC leases the New Jersey Junction Railroad for 100 years, with the option of another 100-year term.
- May: The New Jersey Junction Railroad (NYC) opens for freight.
- June: The New Jersey Junction Railroad (NYC) opens for passengers.
- October: The Lehigh Valley Railroad settles a long legal battle with the Central Railroad of New Jersey, opening the way to build a Jersey City terminal on land originally purchased in 1872 for the New Jersey West Line Railroad.
- May 15: The New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway Edgewater Tunnel through the Palisades opened to freight traffic. The mile-long tunnel took 18 months to construct and provides the NYS&W access to its own waterside terminal in Edgewater. The NYS&W had previously used the DL&W terminal in Hoboken.
- The Hoboken Manufacturers Railroad opens.
- The National Docks and New Jersey Junction Connecting Railway (LV + NYC) is completed. This line was mainly a short tunnel under the Pennsylvania Railroad to connect the New Jersey Junction Railroad (NYC) with the National Docks Railway (LV + NYC). For nine years the PRR fought the construction of the line both in the courts and on the ground, at one point dumping stone into the tunnel and turning fire hoses onto the construction crews.
- The Greenville and Hudson Railway (LVRR) completes construction of a line roughly parallel to the National Docks Railway from the Newark Bay bridge to the Jersey City terminal. Upon completion, the Lehigh Valley Railroad has a wholly owned route from the coal fields of Pennsylvania to its terminal in Jersey City.
- February 26: The Hudson and Manhattan Railroad (PATH) opens from 19th Street Manhattan to Hoboken Terminal.
- November 27: The Pennsylvania Tunnel and Terminal Railroad (PRR) opens from Kearny Junction into New York Penn Station. Manhattan Transfer opens.
- The Penhorn Creek Railroad's (Erie) four-track cut through the Palisades (Bergen Arches) opens, just south of the Erie's two-track tunnel, including a western approach through Secaucus.
- March 14: The New Jersey Shore Line Railroad (NYC) opens from the West Shore Railroad's (NYC) Weehawken yard to the NYS&W at Shadyside, about .85 mi.
- May 16: Cars first move on the New Jersey Shore Line Railroad (NYC).
- October 1: The Hudson and Manhattan Railroad (PATH) is extended through Jersey City to Manhattan Transfer.
- November 26: The Hudson and Manhattan Railroad (PATH) is extended from Manhattan Transfer to Newark Park Place.
- The Erie Railroad trains shift to Hoboken Terminal, as the company merges with the Lackawanna Railroad.
- With the Aldene Plan, Communipaw Terminal, the last Jersey City terminal closes. Lehigh Valley trains now terminate at Newark Penn Station, as do Reading Railroad trains. CNJ Trains run over LV from Roselle Park, NJ to Newark, NJ then on the PRR and terminate at Newark Penn Station, and use a small yard in Harrison. It was not until the late 1990's, when the midtown direct service was instituted, that NJ TRANSIT ran a service of some Raritan Valley trains to Hoboken NJ.
- List of Hudson County railroad terminals
- North River (Hudson River)
- Communipaw Terminal
- Weehawken Terminal
- Pavonia Terminal
- Exchange Place (Jersey City)
- Hoboken Terminal
- Bergen Hill
- List of crossings of the Hackensack River
- List of bridges, tunnels, and cuts in Hudson County, New Jersey
- List of crossings of the Lower Passaic River
- Rail freight transportation in New York City and Long Island
- Timeline of Jersey City, New Jersey history
- Poor's and Moody's railroad manuals
- New-Jersey Railroad Improvements, New York Times February 23, 1870, page 5
- Local News in Brief, New York Times November 28, 1870, page 8
- Almost a Riot, New York Times December 3, 1870, page 1
- Local News in Brief, New York Times December 15, 1870, page 8
- Local News in Brief, New York Times January 10, 1871, page 8
- New-Jersey, New York Times August 24, 1872, page 8
- The New Bergen Tunnel, New York Times May 12, 1877, page 10
- Paterson City directory 1853
- Jersey City and its Historic Sites
- Buildings and Structures of American Railroads, Walter G. Berg, C.E., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1892, p.412
- "In One Mass of Flames, the Pennsylvania Railroad's Buildings Burned", New York Times, August 5, 1884
- "Pennsylvania Railroad Fire", Leslie's Illustrated newspaper, August 14, 1884. On page 411 there is a large drawing of burner up pier area.
- The New York Central and Hudson River Railroad
- The New York Central and Hudson River Railroad
- The New York Central and Hudson River
- Terminal Facilities Sold, The New York Times, October 9, 1887
- "Palisades Tunnel Completed", New York Times, May 14, 1894
- "A SMALL COSTLY TUNNEL Opposition and Litigation Double Its Expense" (PDF). New York Times. July 5, 1896. Retrieved November 20, 2010.