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Timeline of Jersey City, New Jersey-area railroads

Port of New York Railroads ca. 1900

For the purposes of this article, the Jersey City area extends North to Edgewater (the Northern end of the line along the Hudson River), South to Bayonne and includes Kearny Junction and Harrison but not Newark. Many routes east of Newark are listed here.

Railroad Name AbbreviationsEdit

1833Edit

1834Edit

  • September 15: The New Jersey Railroad, which 38 years later would become the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), begins regular trips from Newark to Jersey City's first terminal.[2] The route crosses the Passaic River on the Newark, over Centre Street Bridge to the Hackensack River and onto Jersey City, on the West side of the Palisades.[2] It uses temporary tracks and horse-drawn trains around and over the Bergen Hill, to the Terminal on the Hudson at Paulus Hook for transfer to ferries bound for New York City.

1836Edit

1837Edit

1838Edit

1858Edit

1861Edit

1862Edit

1864Edit

  • July 29: The CNJ's Jersey City extension opens, from about Spring Street in Elizabeth to the Jersey City terminal, including a long bridge across Newark Bay.

1868Edit

1869Edit

1870Edit

1871Edit

  • January 9: The frog war between the Erie and DL&W ends, with the frog being placed to allow DL&W Boonton Branch trains to run through the Erie's tunnel.

1872Edit

1873Edit

  • The Pennsylvania Railroad constructs a new passenger ferry terminal with 12 tracks and six platforms. The wooden terminal is built on piers over the water.[3]
  • The Hudson Connecting Railway, part of the New Jersey Midland and later NYS&W, completed to West End Junction with Erie connection to Marion Junction.

1877Edit

  • May 12: The DL&W opens its new tunnel through the Palisades, ending its trackage rights through the Erie's tunnel. Included with the tunnel are western approaches to the DL&W mainline and Boonton Branch; the former includes a new bridge over the Hackensack River, south of the old one (which is then used only for the Erie's Newark and Greenwood Lake Branches). The new alignment at first crosses the New Jersey Midland Railroad (NYS&W) at grade.

1883Edit

1884Edit

  • The West Shore Railroad's (NYC) tunnel through the Palisades opens.
  • August 4: The Pennsylvania Railroad passenger and ferry terminal at Exchange Place burns as a result of an explosion in a gas reservoir underneath the station.[4][5]

1885Edit

  • December 5: NYC leases the West Shore Railroad for 475 years from January 1, 1886, with the privilege of an additional 500-year term.[6]

1886Edit

1887Edit

1889Edit

1890Edit

1891Edit

  • The Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), rebuilds the passenger ferry terminal to replace the old terminal which was partially destroyed by fire. The new terminal is raised 15–20 ft (4.6–6.1 m) above the old level to accommodate new elevated rails that eliminate grade crossings in the city.[3]

1892Edit

1894Edit

1897Edit

1900Edit

  • The Greenville and Hudson Railway (LVRR) completes construction of a line roughly parallel to the National Docks Railway from the Newark Bay bridge to the Jersey City terminal. Upon completion, the Lehigh Valley Railroad has a wholly owned route from the coal fields of Pennsylvania to its terminal in Jersey City.

1908Edit

1909Edit

1910Edit

1911Edit

1937Edit

1939Edit

1960Edit

  • The Erie Railroad trains shift to Hoboken Terminal, as the company merges with the Lackawanna Railroad.

1967Edit

  • With the Aldene Plan, Communipaw Terminal, the last Jersey City terminal closes. Lehigh Valley trains now terminate at Newark Penn Station, as do Reading Railroad trains. CNJ Trains run over LV from Roselle Park, NJ to Newark, NJ then on the PRR and terminate at Newark Penn Station, and use a small yard in Harrison. It was not until the late 1990's, when the midtown direct service was instituted, that NJ TRANSIT ran a service of some Raritan Valley trains to Hoboken NJ.

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Paterson City directory 1853
  2. ^ a b c d e Jersey City and its Historic Sites
  3. ^ a b Buildings and Structures of American Railroads, Walter G. Berg, C.E., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1892, p.412
  4. ^ "In One Mass of Flames, the Pennsylvania Railroad's Buildings Burned", New York Times, August 5, 1884
  5. ^ "Pennsylvania Railroad Fire", Leslie's Illustrated newspaper, August 14, 1884. On page 411 there is a large drawing of burner up pier area.
  6. ^ a b c d e The New York Central and Hudson River Railroad
  7. ^ The New York Central and Hudson River Railroad
  8. ^ The New York Central and Hudson River
  9. ^ Terminal Facilities Sold, The New York Times, October 9, 1887
  10. ^ "Palisades Tunnel Completed", New York Times, May 14, 1894
  11. ^ "A SMALL COSTLY TUNNEL Opposition and Litigation Double Its Expense" (PDF). New York Times. July 5, 1896. Retrieved November 20, 2010.

External linksEdit