Prior to 20th century Edit
500 BCE -
Quda'a settle. 647 CE - Uthman Ibn Affan, turns Jiddah into a port making it the port of Makkah instead of Al Shoaiba port.
703 CE - Jeddah was briefly occupied by pirates from the Kingdom of Axum.
969 CE -
Fatimids in power. 1177 - Jeddah becomes part of the
Ayyubid Empire. 1254 - City becomes part of the
Mamluk Sultanate. 1517 - City besieged by
Ottomans. 1525 -
Barracks built; city walls rebuilt with six watchtowers and six city gates. 1541 - City besieged by Portuguese.
1804 - Town besieged by
Wahabis. 1811 - Ottomans in power.
Battle of Jeddah (1813). 1814 - Population: 15,000 (approximate).
1820 - European cemetery established (approximate date).
1858 - 15 June: "
Massacre." 1881 - Nasseef House built.  20th century Edit 21st century Edit References Edit
^ a b c
, Saudi Arabia: Jeddah ArchNet, archived from the original on March 2012
"Spreading the Word: Who's Who in the Arab Media", New York Times, 6 February 2005
"Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". . New York: Demographic Yearbook 1965 Statistical Office of the United Nations. 1966. pp. 140–161.
Ayman Shabana (2010), "Saudi Arabia: Libraries, Archives and Museums", in Marcia J. Bates (ed.), Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, ISBN 9780849397127
Richard Green (2004). "Major Non-UN Organizations". Chronology of International Organizations. Routledge. ISBN . 978-1-135-35590-6
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistical Office (1987). "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 and more inhabitants". . New York. pp. 247–289. 1985 Demographic Yearbook
M. Kabir Hassan; Mervyn Lewis, eds. (2007). . Handbook of Islamic Banking Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN . 978-1-84720-541-4
"Organizations". . Switzerland: International Relations and Security Network Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich . Retrieved . 30 April 2015
^ a b
Andrea L. Stanton, ed. (2012). Middle East. Cultural Sociology of the Middle East, Africa, and Asia: an Encyclopedia. Sage. ISBN . 9781412981767
"About the Library". King Abdulaziz Public Library. Archived from the original on 17 September 2013 . Retrieved . 30 January 2013
Nancy Um (2012). "Reflections on the Red Sea Style: Beyond the Surface of Coastal Architecture". Northeast African Studies. 12.
"Saudi Women And the Right To Play Sports". New York Times. 20 November 2010.
Ali Jaafar (20 July 2009). "Saudi Arabia nixes Jeddah festival". Variety. Los Angeles.
Karen Elliott House (2013). . Vintage Books. On Saudi Arabia ISBN . 978-0-307-47328-8
"Jeddah Municipality" . Retrieved . 30 January 2013
"Floods inundate Saudi city". Al Jazeera.com. 27 January 2011.
"Saudi Women Defy Driving Ban". New York Times. 17 June 2011.
World Health Organization (2016), , Geneva Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database Bibliography Edit
Published in 18th-19th centuries
Carsten Niebuhr (1792). "Of the City of Jidda and its Vicinity". Travels through Arabia. Translated by Robert Heron. Edinburgh: R. Morison and Son – via HathiTrust.
William Milburn (1813), "Judda", Oriental Commerce, London: Black, Parry & Co., OCLC 6856418
Johann Ludwig Burckhardt (1829). "(Djidda)". Travels in Arabia. London: H. Colburn.
James Horsburgh (1852). "Red Sea, East Side: Jiddah". India Directory: Or, Directions for Sailing to and from the East Indies, China, Australia, and the Interjacent Ports of Africa and South America (6th ed.). London: William H. Allen & Co. – via Google Books.
Richard Burton (1857), "To Jeddah", Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to el Medinah and Meccah (2nd ed.), London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, and Roberts, OCLC 5778233 Heinrich Freiherrn von Maltzan (1865), "Dschedda", Meine Wallfahrt nach Mekka (in German), Leipzig: Dyk'sche Buchhandlung, OCLC 72240504 Published in 20th century
"Jidda", (11th ed.), New York, 1910, Encyclopædia Britannica OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive A. Pesce.
Jiddah: Portrait of an Arabian City. London, 1974.
Madge Pendleton (1984), "Jeddah", Green Book Guide for Living in Saudi Arabia (4th ed.), Washington DC: Middle East Editorial Associates, OL 8342230M
Abdal-Majeed Ismail Daghistani (1993), A Case Study in Planning Implementation: Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Global Urban Research Unit
Tawfiq M. Abu-Ghazzeh (1994). "Built Form and Religion: Underlying Structures of Jeddah Al-Qademah". Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review. International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. 5 – via University of California, Berkeley. "Jeddah", Arab Gulf States, Lonely Planet, 1993, OL 8314448M Published in 21st century External links Edit
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