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Timeline of Boa Vista, Cape Verde

The following is a timeline of the island of Boa Vista, Cape Verde.

Contents

Prehistoric and precolonial eraEdit

  • 16 million years ago: the Fundo das Figueiras formation formed[1]
  • 15 to 12.5 million years ago: During the Langhian and Serravallian ages, rocks were under formation including the volcanic cone, the Monte Passarão complex, the Monte Caçador complex and the Pico Forcado formation.[2]
  • 9.5 million years ago: the Chão de Calheta formation started to form
  • 4.5 million years ago: the Chão da Calheta formed[2]
  • During the Ice Age, the island was possibly connected with Maio, though a third of that island was underwater, it formed a part of the "East Island". Its size was approximately 3,000 to 3,500 km2 at the time. It was north-south, it was about 150–200 km long and its width was 20 km and 50 km in the northern part
  • Around 6,000 to 5,000 BC: The Eastern Island of Cape Verde broken up into Boavista, Middle and Maio Islands, the Middle Island would later be underwater and became a nearly shallow part of the ocean.
  • Around 4,000 to 3,000 BC: Ilhéu de Sal Rei and Ilhéu do Baluarte separated from Boa Vista Island.
  • 1974 BC - July 24: A total solar eclipse took place in the island
  • 1920 BC - August 25: A total solar eclipse took place in the island
  • 1736 BC - September 29: An annular solar eclipse took place around noon in the island
  • 1544 BC - December 5: A hybrid solar eclipse took place between the islands that are now Boa Vista and Sal
  • 1475 BC - March 30: An annular solar eclipse took place at the start of afternoon in the island
  • 1262 BC - April 14 An annular solar eclipse took place in the early afternoon hours in the island
  • 962 BC - February 27: An annular solar eclipse took place in parts of the island, the remainder was visibly partial
  • 322 BC - September 26: An annular solar eclipse took place at noon and included a part of the island, the remainder was visibly partial, the greatest eclipse was about 270 Roman miles (400 km) north of what is now Sal
  • 89 BC - April 17: A total solar eclipse took place in the island
  • 21 BC - July 30: An annular solar eclipse took place in the island[3]
  • 75 AD - January 5: A total solar eclipse took place mid in most of the island[4]
  • 374 AD - November 20: A total solar eclipse took place in the morning hours, the umbral path was about 25 to 30 km wide and included the southwest of the island on a shallow water
  • 902 - January 19: An annular solar eclipse took place late afternoon in the island
  • 1112 - April 7: A total solar eclipse took place in the island
  • 1293 - July 14: A total solar eclipse took place in the island
  • 1308 - September 24: An annular solar eclipse took place in the north of the island, the remainder was visibly partial
  • 1431 - February 20: A total solar eclipse took place in the island

Colonial eraEdit

  • 1462 - The island was discovered
  • 1497 - October 29: Rodrigo Afonso became the first captain of the island
  • 1505 - January 3: Pero Correia (then spelt Péro Correia) became the second captain of the island
  • 1520s or 1530s: António Correia became the third captain of the island
  • 1542 - Maria Correia became the fourth and last captain of the island
  • 1587 - The island's first settlement now known as Povoação Velha established, it would be populated to around 50 inhabitants
  • 1620 - Saltpans attracted English captains, slaves mined the salt, Sal Rei was later founded
  • 1650 - Population: around 1 500
  • 1680 - Chapel built around Estância
  • 1720 - Population: around 2 000
  • 1752 - May 13: A total solar eclipse took place before sunset and the umbral part included the southernmost part of the island while the remainder was visibly partial
  • 1792 - September 16: An annular solar eclipse started in the morning with the umbral portion about 30-40 miles (40-50 km) east of the island, the island saw it as partial
  • 1800
    • Population: around 2 500 to 3 000
    • Chapel of Santo António (Saint Anthony) built
  • 1810 - Island capital moved from Povoação da Boa Vista to Rabil for its paper production
  • 1815 - Sal Rei sacked by pirates
  • 1817 - Sal Rei sacked for the second time, the fortress started construction to protect the town and the island
  • 1818 - A pirate ship from South America seized the fort, likely one of the last pirate raids in any of the Cape Verde islands.
  • 1820 - Forte Duque de Bragança (today, commonly known as Forte de Sal Rei) built on Ilhéu de Sal Rei completed
  • 1828 - Our Lady of Conception Church (Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Conceição) built near Rocha Estância.
  • 1832 - Population: 3,331[5]
  • 1843
    • The Anglo-Portuguese Commission on the Abolition of Slavery' took place, it would be abolished 44 years later.
    • June: USS Columbus along with William Harwar Parker visited Gata in the northeastern part of the island, one of the first American ships to visit the island
  • 1844 - Estimate population: 3,300[5]
  • 1845
    • Yellow fever epidemic struck the island[6]
    • The ship Eclair visited the island
  • 1846 - Yellow fever epidemic ends[6]
  • 1848 - December: USS Yorktown visited Gata in the northeast of the island, William Harwar Parker again visited the area for his patrol against slavery
  • 1850 - Estimate population: around 4,000
  • 1865 - October 19: an annular solar eclipse took place in the island[7]
  • 1878 - Slavery abolished in the island of Boa Vista
  • 1888 - Ponta da Escuma Lighthouse on nearby Ilhéu de Sal Rei built
  • 1900 - Population: around 3 000
  • 1906 - A subspecies of wall geckos Hemidactylus bouvieri boavistensis were described by George Albert Boulenger[8]
  • 1920 - December 24: A ship from Scandinavia (mostly from Sweden) named Atalanta sunk in the waters north of the island around a vicinity where a beach would be named after the sunken ship[9][10]
  • 1930 - Population 2 454
  • 1935 - The Municipality solely includes the island along with its nearby islets.
  • 1939 - Airfield opened, the first in Cape Verde
  • 1940 - Population: 2 779[11]
  • 1941 - Famine struck the island of Boa Vista again, as a result, several villages including Curral Velho would be later abandoned
  • 1950 - Population: 2 985[11]
  • 1952 - August 28: Sal-Rei FC established
  • 1956 - Sporting Clube da Boa Vista football (soccer) club established
  • 1960 - Population: 3 263[11]
  • 1968 - September 1: The cargo ship Cabo Santa Maria was wrecked and ran aground at Praia de Atalanta in the north of the island, its ruins now rusty can still be seen today.[9][10]
     
    Apollo 9 image of the island of Boa Vista and most of Sal
  • 1970 - Population: 3 569[11]

After independence in 1975-1999Edit

21st centuryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dyhr, C. T.; Holm, P. M. (2009). A volcanological and geochemical investigation of Boa Vista, Cape Verde Islands;40Ar/39Ar geochronology and field constraints. 189. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. p. 19-32. 
  2. ^ a b Ramalho, R. (2010). Tracers of uplift and subsidence in the Cape Verde Archipelago. 
  3. ^ "Solar eclipse of July 30, 21 BC". NASA. Retrieved March 14, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Solar eclipse of January 5, 75 AD". NASA. Retrieved March 11, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Schmidt, Johann Anton (1852). Beiträge zur Flora der Cap Verdischen Inseln. p. 5. 
  6. ^ a b King, Gilbert (1852). The fever at Boa Vista in 1845-6, unconnected with the visit of "Eclair" to that island. London. 
  7. ^ "Solar eclipse of October 19, 1865". NASA. Retrieved March 10, 2017. 
  8. ^ Boulenger, 1906 : Report on the reptiles collected by the late L. Fea in West Africa. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Civic Museum of Natural History, Genoa), ser. 3, vol.3, p. 196-216
  9. ^ a b A Semana
  10. ^ a b Cape Verde Islands pocket guide, Emma Gregg, Berlitz, 2009, ISBN 978-981-268-670-1
  11. ^ a b c d e f Source: Statoids
  12. ^ Rolán E. (2005). Malacological Fauna From The Cape Verde Archipelago. Part 1, Polyplacophora and Gastropoda
  13. ^ "Protected areas of Cape Vetrde". 
  14. ^ "Protocolo de Geminação entre os Municípios do Seixal e da Boa Vista" [Protocol on Twinning between the Municipalities of Seixal and Boa Vista (Island)] (PDF) (in Portuguese). Municipality of Seixal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  15. ^ Joger, 1993 : On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, vol. 159, p. 437-444
  16. ^ Source: Instituto Nacional de Estatísticas Archived 2008-11-18 at the Wayback Machine..
  17. ^ "Cape Verde: New Boavista international airport receives first flights". Macauhub English. 7 November 2007. 
  18. ^ Portal do Instituto Nacional de Estatística: INE - CENSO 2010 Archived 2014-04-09 at the Wayback Machine..
  19. ^ "Agricultores de Povoação Velha na ilha da Boavista revoltados com a actividade dos Motos4" [Farmers from Povoação Velha Protest the use of ATVs on Boa Vista Island] (in Portuguese). RTC. 9 February 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  20. ^ http://asemana.publ.cv/spip.php?article93891&ak=1
  21. ^ Fonseca, Sanny (2015-08-31). "Boa Vista: Furacão Fred deixa 50 casas destruídas em Povoação Velha" [Hurricane Fred Destroyed About 50 Houses in Povoação Velha]. A Semana (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2015-08-31.