Timeline of 21st-century Muslim history

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21st century (2001–2100) (1421 AH–1527 AH)Edit



  • General elections in Pakistan are held after the 1999 military takeover. PML (Q) led by Mian Muhammad Azhar, a pro-military party, gains majority throughout Pakistan. Mir Zafrullah Khan Jamali became the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • The riots between Hindus and Muslims in Gujarat, India. More than 5000 reported killed, most of them Muslims.
  • A terrorist group linked to Al-Qaeda kills more than 200 people in the 2002 Bali bombings.[1]
  • Chechen rebels take 800 hostages in the Moscow theater hostage crisis.[1]




  • Iraq holds election for National Assembly whose task was to draft constitution, which was ratified by popular vote that same year.
  • Local body elections are held in Pakistan on non-party basis.
  • Saudi Arabia's King Fahd dies. Fahd's brother Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz, who had assumed de facto leadership of the country after King Fahd suffered a debilitating stroke in 1994, is declared king.
  • A powerful, 7.6-magnitude earthquake hits the Azad Kashmir region of Pakistan, killing upwards of 73,000 people.
  • On October 8 an earthquake in Pakistan kills thousands and leaves families homeless in Khyber-Pakhunkha/Hazara region. Multi story apartment building in Islamabad also collapsed.
  • Israel removes Jewish settlers and military personnel from the Gaza Strip in August 2005, but continues control of its borders.
  • Mahmoud Ahmadinejad wins Iranian presidential election.[1]
  • A high turnout among Muslims in Iraq parliamentary elections, despite insurgency.[1]
  • US attacked Iraq & casualties in Iraq pass the 2000 mark.[1]





  • President Barack Obama delivers an address at Cairo University promising "A New Beginning" in US-Muslim relations.


  • Last US combat troops leave Iraq.
  • Rima Fakih becomes the first Miss USA winner to claim the Muslim faith.









Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan warned that if the Austrian government closes Mosques and expels Muslims, it could lead to war. He said, “These measures taken by the Austrian prime minister are, I fear, leading the world towards a war between the cross and the crescent, "They say they're going to kick our religious men out of Austria. Do you think we will not react if you do such a thing?” he asked, quoted by AFP. “That means we're going to have to do something".[47]


India lockdown the entire Kashmir velley (a Muslim majority state)




  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Islam in the World by Malise Ruthven (Gantra Publications, 2006) ISBN 1-86207-906-4. Page 474
  2. ^ "Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad" Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  3. ^ Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V: About His Holiness” Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  4. ^ "Harrowing Reports Of Yazidi Massacre Emerge". HuffPost. 2014-08-10. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  5. ^ "Iraq crisis: Islamic militants 'buried alive Yazidi women and children in attack that killed 500' - Middle East - World - The Independent". Independent.co.uk. 2014-08-11. Archived from the original on 2014-08-11. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  6. ^ "Islamisté povraždili 500 jezídů, ženy a děti zaživa pohřbili, tvrdí Bagdád - Novinky.cz". www.novinky.cz. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  7. ^ "Exclusive: Iraq says Islamic State killed 500 Yazidis, buried some victims alive | Reuters". Reuters. 2014-08-12. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  8. ^ "Exodus from the mountain: Yazidis flood into Iraq following U.S. airstrikes - The Washington Post". The Washington Post. 2019-05-07. Archived from the original on 2019-05-07. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  9. ^ "Yazidis tormented by fears for women and girls kidnapped by Isis jihadis". the Guardian. 2014-08-11. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  10. ^ "Iraq Crisis: Hundreds of Yazidi Women Held as Slaves by Islamic State Militants". International Business Times UK. 2014-08-08. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  11. ^ "ISIL killed 500 Yazidis, took 300 women as slaves: Iraq govt - World News , Firstpost". Firstpost. 2014-08-11. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  12. ^ Rasheed, Ahmed (2014-08-10). "Islamic State kills 500 Yazidis, burying some alive, claims human rights minister". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  13. ^ "Iraq Official: Militants Hold 100s of Yazidi Women - ABC News". ABC News. 2014-08-21. Archived from the original on 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  14. ^ "Iraq crisis: Hundreds of Yazidi women taken captive by Islamic State". The Independent. 2014-08-08. Archived from the original on 2022-05-07. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  15. ^ "Iraq crisis: 'It is death valley. Up to 70 per cent of them are dead'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  16. ^ "Yazidi women tell of sex-slavery trauma". BBC News. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  17. ^ a b Al-Dayel, Nadia; Mumford, Andrew (2020-01-27). "ISIS and Their Use of Slavery". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  18. ^ Tabary, Zoe (2018-06-05). "World failing Yazidi women forced into sex slavery - charity head". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  19. ^ Callimachi, Rukmini (2018-08-17). "Turkish Airstrike in Iraqi Territory Kills a Kurdish Militant Leader (Published 2018)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  20. ^ Rasheed, Stephanie Nebehay, Ahmed (2014-08-25). "U.N. accuses Islamic State of mass killings". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  21. ^ "Iraq: ISIS Executed Hundreds of Prison Inmates". Human Rights Watch. 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  22. ^ "Security forces find mass grave of 500 bodies in Badush Prison, near Mosul". 11 March 2017.
  23. ^ Mar 2018, Times Now | 20; Ist, 08:27 Pm. "Indians killed in Iraq: Visuals of 'burial mound' where bodies were found". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  24. ^ rudaw.net http://rudaw.net/arabic/middleeast/iraq/011120148. Retrieved 2020-11-24. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ a b "Sri Lanka terrorist attacks among world's worst since 9/11". the Guardian. 2019-04-22. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  26. ^ راضي, علي محسن (2014-09-07). "ناجون من مجزرة سبايكر: كنّا (4000) مجنّد أعزل وقعنا في قبضة عصابات داعش". وكالة أنباء براثا (in Arabic). Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  27. ^ Nordland, Rod; Rubin, Alissa J. (2014-06-15). "Massacre Claim Shakes Iraq (Published 2014)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  28. ^ "Burned Alive: ISIS Video Purports to Show Murder of Jordanian Pilot". NBC News. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  29. ^ "Lebanon's army clashes with militants in Arsal | Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". 2015-12-08. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  30. ^ "With Friends Like the Saudis". The American Conservative. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  31. ^ Aboudi, Khaled Abdallah, Sami (2015-03-26). "Yemeni leader Hadi leaves country as Saudi Arabia keeps up air strikes". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  32. ^ editor, Julian Borger Diplomatic (2015-06-05). "Saudi-led naval blockade leaves 20m Yemenis facing humanitarian disaster". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-11-24. {{cite news}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  33. ^ "Durable ceasefire needed as 'humanitarian catastrophe' leaves millions suffering in Yemen – UN relief chief". UN News. 2015-07-28. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  34. ^ "European Commission steps up humanitarian aid for Yemen crisis - Yemen". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  35. ^ "Yemen conflict: How bad is the humanitarian crisis?". BBC News. 2017-03-28. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  36. ^ "Saudi Arabia accused of 'genocide' after airstrike on funeral hall kills 140". The Independent. 2016-10-09. Archived from the original on 2022-05-07. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  37. ^ Bachman, Jeff. "US complicity in the Saudi-led genocide in Yemen spans Obama, Trump administrations". The Conversation. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  38. ^ Aboufadel, Leith (2016-02-09). "Iraqi Army liberates all of Ramadi". AMN - Al-Masdar News | المصدر نيوز. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  39. ^ Staff, Al Jazeera. "Iraq army enters last ISIL stronghold in Ramadi". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  40. ^ "Iraq's Ramadi retaken, but rebuilding it a huge task". news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  41. ^ Rasheed, Stephen Kalin, Ahmed (2016-02-09). "Iraq's troubled finances slow efforts to rebuild Ramadi". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  42. ^ "A Year of Fear and Frustration in Iraq". Australian Institute of International Affairs. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  43. ^ Moni Basu (12 January 2017). "Iraq's unnamed victims of terror". CNN. Retrieved 2020-11-25.
  44. ^ "Iraqi PM Congratulates Army after Defeat of Daesh in Mosul - World news". Tasnim News Agency. Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  45. ^ "العراق يعلن رسميا انتهاء الحرب مع تنظيم الدولة الإسلامية". BBC News عربي (in Arabic). Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  46. ^ Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "العبادي يعلن انتهاء الحرب ضد "داعش" في العراق | DW | 09.12.2017". DW.COM (in Arabic). Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  47. ^ "Erdogan denounces Austrian decision to close mosques".