Timeline of 21st-century Muslim history

Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century

21st century (2001–2100) (1421 AH–1527 AH)Edit



  • General elections in Pakistan are held after the 1999 military takeover. PML (Q) led by Mian Muhammad Azhar, a pro-military party, gains majority throughout Pakistan. Mir Zafrullah Khan Jamali became the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
  • The riots between Hindus and Muslims in Gujarat, India. More than 5000 reported killed, most of them Muslims.
  • A terrorist group linked to Al-Qaeda kills more than 200 people in the 2002 Bali bombings.[1]
  • Chechen rebels take 800 hostages in the Moscow theater hostage crisis.[1]




  • Iraq holds election for National Assembly whose task was to draft constitution, which was ratified by popular vote that same year.
  • Local body elections are held in Pakistan on non-party basis.
  • Saudi Arabia's King Fahd dies. Fahd's brother Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz, who had assumed de facto leadership of the country after King Fahd suffered a debilitating stroke in 1994, is declared king.
  • A powerful, 7.6-magnitude earthquake hits the Azad Kashmir region of Pakistan, killing upwards of 73,000 people.
  • On October 8 an earthquake in Pakistan kills thousands and leaves families homeless in Khyber-Pakhunkha/Hazara region. Multi story apartment building in Islamabad also collapsed.
  • Israel removes Jewish settlers and military personnel from the Gaza Strip in August 2005, but continues control of its borders.
  • Mahmoud Ahmadinejad wins Iranian presidential election.[1]
  • A high turnout among Muslims in Iraq parliamentary elections, despite insurgency.[1]
  • US attacked Iraq & casualties in Iraq pass the 2000 mark.[1]





  • President Barack Obama delivers an address at Cairo University promising "A New Beginning" in US-Muslim relations.


  • Last US combat troops leave Iraq.
  • Rima Fakih becomes the first Miss USA winner to claim the Muslim faith.




  • June 2013 Egyptian protests, a mass public demonstration against the administration of Mohamed Morsi, followed by a military coup d'état in which Morsi was deposed and arrested. After leading protests against the coup, the Muslim Brotherhood is officially banned by the end of the year.



Turkey President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan warned that if the Austrian government closes Mosques and expels Muslims, it could lead to war. He said, “These measures taken by the Austrian prime minister are, I fear, leading the world towards a war between the cross and the crescent, "They say they're going to kick our religious men out of Austria. Do you think we will not react if you do such a thing?” he asked, quoted by AFP. “That means we're going to have to do something".[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Islam in the World by Malise Ruthven (Gantra Publications, 2006) ISBN 1-86207-906-4. Page 474
  2. ^ "Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad" Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  3. ^ Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V: About His Holiness” Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  4. ^ https://www.rt.com/news/429345-erdogan-war-christians-muslims/