Timeline of 15th-century Muslim history
|Timeline of Islamic history: 6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th | 11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th | 16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th | 21st century|
This is a timeline of major events in the Muslim world from 1400 AD to 1499 AD (803 AH – 905 AH).
- 1 1400–1409
- 2 1410–1419
- 3 1420–1429
- 4 1430–1440
- 5 1440–1449
- 6 1450–1459
- 7 1460–1469
- 8 1470–1479
- 9 1480–1489
- 10 1490–1500
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- ca. 1400: Temur Qutlugh dies and is succeeded by Shadi Beg.
- 1407: Shadi Beg is deposed and Edigu installs Pulad Khan as his successor.
- 1402–1403: Beyazid I is defeated at the Battle of Ankara and taken captive by Tamerlane. An interregnum period begins when the sons of Beyazid I compete for the Ottoman throne.
- 1405: Tamerlane dies and is succeeded by his son, Shah Rukh.
- 1410: Pulad Khan is deposed in favor of Timur.
- 1412: Timur is deposed in favor of Jalal ad-Din khan, the first of Tokhtamysh's sons to take power since his death.
- 1413: Jalal ad-Din khan is deposed in favor of his brother, Karim Berdi.
- 1414: Karim Berdi is deposed in favor of Kebek.
- 1416: Kebek Khan is deposed in favor of Yeremferden, the brother of Karim Berdi and Jalal ad-Din khan.
- 1419: Yeremferden is assassinated; control of the Horde is split between Dawlat Berdi and Olugh Mokhammad.
- 1413: Interregnum period ends and Mehmed I becomes Sultan.
- 1420: Dawlat Berdi captures Sarai and expands his sphere of influence beyond the Crimean Peninsula.
- 1423: Baraq defeats Dawlat Berdi and Olugh Mokhammad and takes control of the Horde. Olugh Mokhammad flees to Lithuania.
- 1427: With the assistance of Vytautas the Great, Olugh Mokhammad and Dawlat Berdi defeat and kill Baraq.
- 1424: The Hafsids come to power.
- 1429: The Hafsids attack the island of Malta and take 3000 slaves although they do not conquer the island. Piracy against Christian shipping particularly grows during the rule of Abd al-Aziz II (1394–1434).
- 1434: Qara Osman dies and is succeeded by Ali Beg.
- 1438: Ali Beg is overthrown by his brother, Hamza.
- 1432: Dawlat Berdi is assassinated and Hacı I Giray conquers the Crimea, founding the Crimean Khanate.
- 1437: Olugh Mokhammad is defeated by Sayid Ahmad I, who takes control of the Horde.
Khanate of KazanEdit
- 1438: Olugh Mokhammad founds the Khanate of Kazan.
- 1438: Barsbay dies and his son, Jamaluddin Yusuf, is prevented from taking power in a coup orchestrated by Saifuddin Gakmuk.
- 1434: Abdul Faris dies after forty years of rule and is succeeded by Abu Abdullah Muhammad.
- 1435: Abu Abdullah Muhammad is deposed in favor of Abu Umar Othman.
- 1444: The Anti-Ottoman League of Lezhe in Albania is formed by Scanderbeg. Murad II voluntarily abdicates from his throne in favor of his son Mehmed II after the former's defeat at the hands of crusaders at the Battle of Varna.
- 1446: Murad II reclaims the throne.
- 1448: The Ottomans are victorious at the Second Battle of Kossova. Serbia is annexed and Bosnia is made a vassal.
- 1446: Shah Rukh dies and is succeeded by Ulugh Beg.
- 1449: Ulugh Beg dies and is succeeded by 'Abd al-Latif.
- 1453: Gakmuk dies and is succeeded by his son, Fakhruddin Othman, who is then overthrown by Saifuddin Inal.
- 1451: Murad II dies and is succeeded by his son, Mehmed II.
- 1453: Constantinople is captured.
- 1456: Wallachia is made a vassal.
- 1461: Saifuddin Inal died and is succeeded by his son, Shahabuddin Ahmad, who is then overthrown by Saifuddin Khushqadam.
- 1467: Jahan Shah is killed in a surprise attack arranged by his rival, Uzun Hasan, leader of Ak Koyunlu. Ak Koyunlu then annexes Kara Koyunlu.
- 1465: Khushqadam dies and is succeeded by his son, Saifuddin Yel Bey, who is then deposed by Temur Bugha.
- 1468: Temur Bugha is deposed by Qaitbay.
- 1467: Kara Koyunlu is annexed.
- 1468: The Timurids are defeated at the Battle of Qarabagh. Ak Koyunlu then becomes the masters of Persia and Khorasan.
- 1472: Sharif Muhammad al Jati is overthrown by Muhammad al Shaikh, establishing the Wattasid dynasty.
- 1473: Mehmed II defeats sultan Uzun Hasan of Ak Koyunlu at the Battle of Otluk Beli.
- 1475: The Khanate of Crimea is conquered and made a vassal state. Venice is defeated and the Ottoman Empire becomes master of the Aegean Sea.
- 1480: Akhmat Khan is assassinated and succeeded by his son, Said Ahmad II.
- 1481: Said Ahmad II is overthrown by his brother Murtada.
- 1490: Abul Mumin is overthrown and Abu Zikriya Yahya retakes the throne.
- 1493: Y‘aqub ibn Uzun Hasan dies and is succeeded by his son, Baisonqur ibn Y‘aqub.
- 1495: Baisonqur is overthrown by his cousin, Rustam ibn Maqsud.
- 1497: Maqsud is overthrown by his cousin, Ahmad Gövde ibn Muhammad.
- 1496: Qaitbay abdicates and is succeeded by his son, Nasir Muhammad.
- 1498: Nasir Muhammad is deposed and replaced by Zahir Kanauh.
- Bosworth, Clifford Edmund, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, p. 253. Edinburgh University Press, 2004.