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Tillandsia fasciculata, commonly known as the giant airplant[3] or cardinal airplant,[4] is a species of bromeliad that is native to Central America, Mexico, the West Indies, northern South America (Venezuela, Colombia, Suriname, French Guiana, northern Brazil), and the southeastern United States (Georgia, Florida).[2][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] Within the United States, this airplant is at risk of extirpation from the Mexican Bromeliad Weevil, Metamasius callizona.

Tillandsia fasciculata
Tillandsia fasciculata.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Bromeliaceae
Genus: Tillandsia
Subgenus: Tillandsia subg. Tillandsia
Species: T. fasciculata
Binomial name
Tillandsia fasciculata
  • Tillandsia eminens Lindl.
  • Vriesea glaucophylla Hook.
  • Platystachys glaucophylla (Hook.) Beer
  • Platystachys havanensis Beer
  • Tillandsia havanensis Beer
  • Tillandsia macrostachya Klotzsch ex Beer
  • Tillandsia pungens Mez
  • Tillandsia beutelspacheri Matuda ex L.B.Sm.
  • Tillandsia wilsonii S.Watson
  • Tillandsia hystricina Small

Four varieties are recognized:[2]

  1. Tillandsia fasciculata var. clavispica Mez - Florida, Cuba, southern Mexico, Cayman Islands
  2. Tillandsia fasciculata var. densispica Mez - Florida, southern and eastern Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Hispaniola
  3. Tillandsia fasciculata var. fasciculata - most of species range
  4. Tillandsia fasciculata var. laxispica Mez - central Mexico, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Cuba



  1. ^ Isley, Paul T. Tillandsia: the World's Most Unusual Air Plants. Volume 1. Botanical Press. p. 54. 
  2. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ "Tillandsia fasciculata". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Flora of North America, cardinal airplant, Tillandsia fasciculata Swartz, Prodr. 56. 1788.
  5. ^ Neyland, Ray (2009). Wildflowers of the Coastal Plain: A Field Guide. Louisiana State University Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-80-713407-8. 
  6. ^ An Annotated Checklist of the Bromeliaceae of Costa Rica retrieved 3 November 2009
  7. ^ Checklist of Mexican Bromeliaceae with Notes on Species Distribution and Levels of Endemism Archived 2007-10-30 at the Wayback Machine. retrieved 3 November 2009
  8. ^ Checklist of Venezuelan Bromeliaceae with Notes on Species Distribution by State and Levels of Endemism retrieved 3 November 2009
  9. ^ Bromeliaceae of the United States (excluding Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands) retrieved 30 October 2009
  10. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county range map
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u BSI Cultivar Registry Retrieved 11 October 2009

External linksEdit

  Media related to Tillandsia fasciculata at Wikimedia Commons   Data related to Tillandsia fasciculata at Wikispecies