Tiglath-Pileser II (from the Hebraic form [Note 1] of Akkadian Tukultī-apil-Ešarra) was King of Assyria from 967 BCE, when he succeeded his father Ashur-resh-ishi II, until his death in 935 BCE, when he was succeeded by his son Ashur-dan II. Little is known about his reign.[1]

Tiglath-Pileser II
King of Assyria
King of the Middle Assyrian Empire
Reign967–935 BC
PredecessorAshur-resh-ishi II
SuccessorAshur-dan II
IssueAshur-dan II
FatherAshur-resh-ishi II

History edit

Tiglath-Pileser II waged numerous successful military campaigns, including against the Babylonians, the Arameans, and the Hittites. He conquered the region of Nairi, which lay between Assyria and Urartu, and gained control of the lucrative trade routes that passed through the area.

Tiglath-Pileser II also reorganized the Assyrian army and introduced new military tactics and weapons. He established a standing army that was well-equipped and well-trained, which allowed him to maintain control over his empire and to expand it further.

In addition to his military conquests, Tiglath-Pileser II made significant political reforms. He reorganized the administrative structure of the Assyrian Empire and introduced a system of provincial governors, who were responsible for collecting taxes and maintaining order in their regions. He also standardized weights, measures, and currency throughout the empire, which facilitated trade and commerce.

Tiglath-Pileser II is remembered as one of the most powerful and influential kings of Assyria. His military and political reforms laid the foundation for the later Assyrian Empire, which would become one of the most formidable empires of the ancient world.

See also edit

Footnotes edit

  1. ^ Spelled as "תִּגְלַת פִּלְאֶסֶר" "Tiglath-Pileser" in the Books of Kings (2Kings 15:29) or as "תִּלְּגַת פִּלְנְאֶסֶר" "Tilgath-Pilneser" in the Books of Chronicles (2Chronicles 28:20).
  1. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 968.

References edit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Tiglath-Pileser s.v. Tiglath-Pileser II. or III.". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 26 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 968.

Further reading edit

Preceded by King of Assyria
967–935 BCE
Succeeded by