Tiger King: Murder, Mayhem and Madness (titled onscreen as simply Tiger King) is a 2020 American true crime documentary streaming television miniseries about the life of zookeeper and convicted felon Joe Exotic. It was released on Netflix on March 20, 2020. The series focuses on the small but deeply interconnected society of big cat conservationists such as Carole Baskin, owner of Big Cat Rescue, and collectors such as Exotic, whom Baskin accuses of abusing and exploiting wild animals.
Kelci "Saff" Saffery
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of episodes||7 (+1 special)|
|Running time||41–48 minutes|
|Picture format||4K (Ultra HD)|
|Original release||March 20 –|
April 12, 2020
The series received positive reviews from critics, and according to Nielsen ratings, was watched by 34.3 million people over its first ten days of release, ranking as one of Netflix's most successful releases to date, partly due to its release amid the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, and also inspired several memes online. Despite its success and popularity, the series and its filmmakers have received criticism from conservation and animal rights groups for its framing and inaccuracies related to private breeding and wildlife conservation issues.
A special aftershow hosted by Joel McHale was released on April 12, 2020, with McHale interviewing several of the stars about Exotic and the series itself.
The series explores the deeply interconnected community of big cat conservationists and collectors in America, and the private zoos and animal sanctuaries they have set up for the care and public display of these animals. The series' primary subject is "Tiger King" Joe Exotic, the eccentric owner of the G.W. Zoo in Wynnewood, Oklahoma, and follows his bitter years-long feud with Carole Baskin, CEO of Big Cat Rescue in Tampa, Florida.
Baskin presents herself as an animal rights activist ,whose mission is to provide a sanctuary for big cats raised in captivity and combat the exploitative trade of big cats. However, Exotic maintains that she is simply a rival zookeeper, whose aim is to eliminate fellow big cat enthusiasts, characterised by Exotic as her "competition". The two exchange threatening videos, legal allegations, protests, and targeted harassment campaigns, in which PETA and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service become involved. Exotic alleges that Baskin murdered her second husband Don Lewis, who has been missing since August 18 1997, and makes public death threats towards Baskin.
Exotic's personal life is featured as a subject of interest throughout the documentary, particularly his unofficial three-way same-sex marriage to Travis Maldonado and John Finlay, and his subsequent relationship with future husband Dillon Passage. His 2016 run for President of the United States and 2018 run for Governor of Oklahoma are documented with the assistance of his campaign manager, Joshua Dial. Producer Rick Kirkham recounts the rise and fall of "Joe Exotic TV", a podcast-like production that Kirkham hoped to develop into a TV series, before his footage was mysteriously destroyed.
The series later records the events leading up to Exotic's conviction under federal murder-for-hire statutes, when it comes to light that he paid a hitman to murder Baskin; his convictions also included violations of the Lacey Act and Endangered Species Act, and resulted in a 22-year federal prison sentence.
Other characters from the exotic animal community are introduced, including Bhagavan Antle, an animal breeder accused of leading a personality cult; Mario Tabraue, a former drug lord who became a federal informant and is now involved in animal trafficking; Jeff Lowe, a Las Vegas playboy to whom Exotic turns over his zoo for legal reasons; and James Garretson, who became a confidential informant for the federal government and a key figure in making the case against Exotic. Former G.W. Zoo employees such as manager John Reinke and animal wrangler Kelci "Saff" Saffery conclude the series by commenting that the animals themselves were forgotten amongst all the interpersonal fighting, and that no party has truly come out victorious.
|No.||Title||Directed by||Original release date|
|1||"Not Your Average Joe"||Eric Goode & Rebecca Chaiklin||March 20, 2020|
|Meet Joe Exotic the gun-toting operator of an Oklahoma big cat park. He’s been accused of hiring someone to murder his chief rival Carole Baskin.|
|2||"Cult of Personality"||Eric Goode & Rebecca Chaiklin||March 20, 2020|
|Subjected to long hours little (or no) pay and the whims of eccentric bosses: are big cat park employees just cogs in a web of personality cults?|
|3||"The Secret"||Eric Goode & Rebecca Chaiklin||March 20, 2020|
|An incident in Carole’s past casts her in a suspicious light; while she maintains her innocence, Joe is too happy to point the finger at her.|
|4||"Playing with Fire"||Eric Goode & Rebecca Chaiklin||March 20, 2020|
|Joe ramps up his efforts to become an internet and TV star but a mysterious fire and lawsuit threaten his plan until an angel investor appears.|
|5||"Make America Exotic Again"||Eric Goode & Rebecca Chaiklin||March 20, 2020|
|As Joe dives into politics he deals with turmoil and tragedy in his personal life. Meanwhile, the dynamics at the park change with the new owners.|
|6||"The Noble Thing to Do"||Eric Goode & Rebecca Chaiklin||March 20, 2020|
|James Garretson makes a shocking claim about Joe leading to FBI involvement; desperation sets in for Joe, who thinks Jeff and James have set him up.|
|7||"Dethroned"||Eric Goode & Rebecca Chaiklin||March 20, 2020|
|Joe faces the music in the courtroom but insists the story is far from over. Jeff’s business prospects crumble. Former G.W. Zoo workers try to move on.|
|8||"The Tiger King and I"||Eric Goode & Rebecca Chaiklin||April 12, 2020|
|Special after-show hosted by Joel McHale.|
On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the series holds an approval rating of 89% based on 75 reviews, with an average rating of 7.88/10. The site's critics consensus reads: "A bizarre true crime story you have to see to believe, Tiger King is a messy and captivating portrait of obsession gone terribly wrong." On Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score to reviews from mainstream publications, the series has an average score of 75 out of 100, based on 13 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Variety magazine's Caroline Framke called the series "messy yet compelling" and that for "those who love Netflix's particular flavor of true crime and docuseries, [...] Tiger King will undoubtedly scratch a particular itch." Joshua Rivera at The Verge said that "[e]very minute of Tiger King yields some new surprise, an unbelievable turn or charismatic stranger with incredible stories to tell."
According to Nielsen, the series was watched by 34.3 million people over its first 10 days of release, ranking as one of Netflix's most successful releases to date. It has been suggested that its viewership success was aided by the COVID-19 pandemic, which caused many global viewers to be restricted to their homes around the time of its release. At their Q2 report meeting in July 2020, Netflix reported the series had been viewed by 64 million households over its first month of release.
At an April press conference regarding COVID-19, then-U.S. President Donald Trump was questioned about the possibility of pardoning the series' key subject, Joe Exotic. In January 2021, prior to the Inauguration of Joe Biden, Trump pardoned several different people, but Exotic wasn't one of them. Exotic tweeted that he was "too innocent and too gay" to receive a pardon from Trump.
Criticism for depiction of conservation issuesEdit
Several conservation and animal rights groups criticized the filmmakers for framing private big cat breeding as a legitimate form of conservation. Representatives from Wildlife Conservation Society, World Wide Fund for Nature, Panthera Corporation and National Geographic criticized the show for its equivocation of the unregulated private breeding with captive breeding for species reintroduction, highlighting that the latter is strictly controlled by the Species Survival Plan and only takes place in zoos accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Privately bred cats cannot be reintroduced to the wild as several of the private breeders interviewed suggested, as they would be unlikely to survive in the wild, and are likely hybrids which could cause genetic pollution.
The filmmakers were also criticized for implying that roadside zoo operations are as legitimate as accredited zoos, and Big Cat Rescue specifically. The series and director have suggested Big Cat Rescue's enclosures are small or do not meet ethical standards, but their facilities meet humane standards set out by Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries.[dubious ] Elle noted that Baskin was portrayed as hypocritical for keeping the tigers in captivity instead of releasing them, without explaining that doing so was not an option—being captive-bred from mixed stock, as well as in-effect domesticated, meant they were unsuited to either survive in the wild or rebuild regional populations. Michael Webber, director of The Elephant in the Living Room, also criticized the parallels drawn between the private zoos and Big Cat Rescue. The series was also accused of minimizing Baskin's efforts to lobby Congress for stricter legislation on animal trafficking.
"Goode brings to Tiger King the intellectual rigor and social responsibility of ... a nightclub and hotel developer", Peter Frick-Wright, who had produced Cat People, a podcast series covering the American big-cat industry, wrote in Outside. He found the series particularly unfair to Baskin, pointing out that in focusing on her husband's disappearance so much it failed to distinguish her from Exotic and Antle, barely mentioning that Big Cat Rescue only accepts tigers confiscated by law enforcement or from owners who could no longer handle them—owners who had to sign a contract with heavy financial penalties if they owned another big cat or were even photographed with one, a proviso not mentioned in the series. Baskin also forbids volunteers or staff from touching the animals; they are fired for doing so, Frick-Wright wrote.
Others criticized the sympathetic portrayal of Joe Exotic. The director of Animals Asia Foundation expressed disappointment that the Netflix series "does not fully condemn many of the activities that [Exotic] was involved with" and criticized the filmmakers for downplaying the animal cruelty and commercial purposes of Exotic's zoo. Conversely, Baskin is the only source in the series from the conservation sector, and the only source explaining why keeping the wild animals was abusive, but is depicted in an unsympathetic light.
Some criticism noted the lack of clear environmental or conservation message. An article in The New York Times drew parallels with other recent wildlife films like Blackfish, which had a major impact on their subject matter. Blackfish led to a severe drop in ticket sales at SeaWorld and reduced support for cetaceans in captivity, eventually leading to changes in legislation and practices. The producer of Blackfish criticized Tiger King, saying that issues surrounding big cats were "lost in the show’s 'soap opera-esque drama'". Karl Ammann, a photographer and documentarian specializing in the illegal wildlife trade who was approached to be interviewed by the filmmakers of Tiger King, similarly expressed disappointment at the lack of conservation message in the series, saying "to totally ignore such key aspects was a real missed opportunity".
PETA and the Humane Society of the United States, both of which had previously investigated and campaigned against the animal abuse of Exotic and other private breeders featured in the show, responded more positively to Tiger King for raising the profile of the issue of big cats in captivity. However, PETA noted the series "largely skips over serious issues of animal welfare, including the horrors of cub trafficking and the problems with commercial cub-petting attractions".
Accusations of misogynyEdit
The Independent's Kathleen Walsh posited that the show's treatment of, and the public reaction to, Baskin has been misogynistic: "The series provides example after example of Exotic's violence, cruelty, and narcissism, while the evidence against Baskin (compelling enough as it is framed in the series) is circumstantial. Maybe Baskin did kill her husband—and the third episode of the series is devoted to the evidence pointing to this conclusion—but so far there is little more than speculation to say that she did. Meanwhile, the series shows clips from Exotic's erstwhile YouTube series in which he poses alongside a blow-up doll, Baskin in effigy, shoving a dildo into its mouth and shooting it in the head."
Awards and nominationsEdit
|Primetime Emmy Awards||Outstanding Documentary or Nonfiction Series||Chris Smith, Fisher Stevens, Eric Goode and Rebecca Chaiklin||Nominated|||
|Outstanding Directing for a Documentary/Nonfiction Program||Eric Goode and Rebecca Chaiklin (for "Cult of Personality")||Nominated|
|Outstanding Music Composition for a Documentary Series or Special (Original Dramatic Score)||Mark Mothersbaugh, John Enroth and Albert Fox (for "Not Your Average Joe")||Nominated|
|Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming||Doug Abel, Nicholas Biagetti, Dylan Hansen-Fliedner, Geoffrey Richman and Daniel Kohler (for "Cult of Personality")||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Editing for a Nonfiction or Reality Program (Single or Multi-Camera)||Ian Cymore, Rachel Wardell and Steve Griffen (for "Cult of Personality")||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Nonfiction or Reality Program (Single or Multi-Camera)||Jose Araujo, Royce Sharp, Jack Neu and Ian Cymore (for "The Noble Thing to Do")||Nominated|
|Hollywood Music in Media Awards||Best Original Score in a Documentary TV Series||Mark Mothersbaugh, John Enroth, Albert Fox and Robert Mothersbaugh||Nominated|||
|MTV Movie & TV Awards||Best Real-Life Mystery or Crime Series||Tiger King||Pending|||
|Producers Guild of America Awards||Outstanding Producer of Non-Fiction Television||Chris Smith, Fisher Stevens, Eric Goode and Rebecca Chaiklin||Nominated|||
Response from those depictedEdit
Joe Exotic is the main focus of the series, with the documentary causing him to receive significant amounts of attention on social media. Ironically, despite the series being responsible for his worldwide fame and fanbase, he has not watched the series himself, due to being arrested prior to its release. Nevertheless, Netflix interviewed Exotic in jail, asking what he thinks of both the series and his newfound fame. Exotic stated that he loved the fame, but wished he could experience it firsthand. He also expressed remorse for his actions after being in jail, stating to his fans;
Go sit in a cage with your animals for a week. I mean, when I left the zoo and I sent my chimpanzees to the sanctuary in Florida and imagined what my chimpanzees went through for 18 years, I'm ashamed of myself.
Exotic added that he's "done with the Carole Baskin saga." In 2021, he began criticising some of the other people featured in the documentary, stating that "not one person came forward until the Netflix series came out and they could profit from it."
Carole Baskin and her husband Howard felt betrayed by filmmakers, stating she was told the discussion of Joe Exotic and Baskin's missing husband were just for context. In a post on the Big Cat Rescue website, Baskin said that the show "has a segment [in the third episode] devoted to suggesting, with lies and innuendos from people who are not credible, that I had a role in the disappearance of my husband Don 21 years ago" and that the series "presents this without any regard for the truth". Baskin has never been charged with anything related to Don's disappearance and has always denied having anything to do with it. In partial response to Baskin, director Goode stated while he felt Baskin had the right intention, he questioned if "it was fair to keep these tigers in cages", adding that the tigers "pace neurotically" and that "Sometimes you wonder whether or not one should humanely euthanize these cats instead of [letting them] suffer in cages". Baskin preemptively answered that "... our goal is to end having them in cages and have no need for a sanctuary like ours. Our federal bill, the Big Cat Public Safety Act, would stop the cub petting that drives the breeding and end ownership as pets in back yards." In addition, Goode and Chaiklin insisted that Baskin "wasn't coerced" into answering questions about her former husband. In February 2021, Baskin revealed that she had been asked to feature in a planned second season of the show, but she refused and told the producers to "lose her number".
Doc Antle was disappointed with his portrayal in the series, calling it a 'train wreck of entertainment' and "salacious." Antle said in an interview that he was not told that the series would be about the bitter feud between Baskin and Exotic, and said that he would've preferred to be "left out of it";
This is not a documentary. This is a salacious, outrageous ride through a television show produced to create drama, to just tie you in to some crazy train wreck of a story between the feud of Carole Baskin and Joe Exotic. Questions about Carole and Joe were a dozen or so thrown into hundreds of others. And I repeatedly told them, I have no desire to be involved in some show where you got the feud of Carole and Joe going on. It's not my thing. Leave me out of it.
Kelci "Saff" SafferyEdit
The neutrality of this section is disputed. (May 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Hawaii-born Saffery, a veteran who served in both the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, worked as a manager for Joe Exotic's Greater Wynnewood Exotic Animal Park for almost ten years. In 2013, the then-27 year old was bitten by one of the tigers as he mistakenly put her arm into its cage, and opted to have an amputation of his left forearm and return to work within a week, instead of undergoing a two-year series of surgeries. He is hoping to get a prosthetic, as of March 2020[update]. In 2018, Saffery disconnected from the zoo and everyone involved.
Following the release of the Netflix series, Robert Moor, the creator of an earlier podcast about Joe Exotic, posted a tweet stating "Saff, the person who got mauled by the tiger, told me repeatedly that he is trans, prefers to be called Saff, and uses he/him pronouns. So please do likewise." Media outlets criticized the series for misgendering and deadnaming Saffery. LGBTQ Nation contrasted Netflix's treatment of Saffery with their recent collaboration with GLAAD, an LGBTQ media watchdog group, on a campaign raising "transgender visibility in the entertainment industry". Saffery clarified to Esquire,
On a daily basis, I am called 17 different things. I never really took it to heart. [...] [F]or context, my conversation with Rob was that he asked me, 'What do you prefer? Saff or Kelci?' And of course, I said Saff because that’s what I've been called for the past 20 years. I was in the Army prior to the park and they always use last names. So, Saff was my preferred name. And I've always gone by him since I could say that out loud. My family was always very supportive—it was never an issue.
Regarding whether he identified as a trans man, Saffery stated to Out magazine, "I don't know that that describes me. You know, nothing was done. I really just have lived this lifestyle. And, you know, my family knows this. And obviously, people closest to me know. This is how I've lived my entire life. I don't know anything else."
As a result of the show, multiple sportspeople who had previously owned exotic pets were questioned about their actions. Retired boxer Mike Tyson said that he was "foolish" and "wrong" to have kept two tigers in his home in the 1990s. Retired professional basketball player Shaquille O'Neal, who appears in the show saying he bought two tigers from Joe Exotic, said in an interview after the show's release that he had "never had any business dealings with him".
A limited series adaptation is in development, headed by Universal Content Productions. It will be based on a podcast Joe Exotic: Tiger King by the writer Robert Moor,  with Kate McKinnon set to executive-produce and portray Carole Baskin. The series is expected to air on NBC, Peacock, and USA Network.
A limited series titled Joe Exotic: Tigers, Lies and Cover-Up premiered on September 27, 2020 on Investigation Discovery. A TV special titled Joe Exotic: Before He Was King premiered on September 28, 2020.
On May 4, 2020, Variety reported that Nicolas Cage had been cast to portray Exotic in an eight-episode television series based on a Texas Monthly article about Exotic. The series is produced by Imagine Entertainment and CBS Television Studios, and Dan Lagana will serve as writer, showrunner, and executive producer. In September 2020, it was announced that the series had officially been picked up for development at Amazon Prime Video.
On April 5, 2021, British documentary filmmaker Louis Theroux released a new documentary on Exotic, titled Shooting Joe Exotic, on BBC Two in the United Kingdom. The documentary contained unseen footage of Exotic from a previous documentary by Theroux, America's Most Dangerous Pets (2011), as well as new interviews of other people associated with Exotic, including Exotic's legal team and Howard and Carol Baskin.
- Miller, Julie (March 19, 2020). "Netflix's Wild Tiger King Is Your Next True Crime TV Obsession". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
- "Tiger King". Netflix. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- "55 hilarious 'Tiger King' memes we all need right now". Archived from the original on January 23, 2021.
- Nuwer, Rachel (April 9, 2020). "Why 'Tiger King' Is Not 'Blackfish' for Big Cats". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- "Key facts that 'Tiger King' missed about captive tigers". National Geographic. April 1, 2020. Archived from the original on December 10, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- April 2020, Mindy Weisberger-Senior Writer 15. "Outrageous 'Tiger King' zoo owners say they help tigers. Conservation experts disagree". livescience.com. Archived from the original on December 14, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2020.
- Borden, Taylor. "5 husbands, 176 tigers, and one murder-for-hire plot: Meet Joe Exotic, the 57-year-old star of Netflix's smash hit 'Tiger King'". Business Insider. Archived from the original on April 8, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
- Kaplan, Michael. "Everything you need to know about Netflix's new Joe Exotic doc, 'Tiger King'". New York Post (March 19, 2020). NYP Holdings, Inc. Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- "Tiger King: Murder, Mayhem, and Madness". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
- "Tiger King: Season 1". Metacritic. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
- Framke, Caroline (March 20, 2020). "Netflix's 'Tiger King': TV Review". Variety. Archived from the original on April 15, 2020. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
- Rivera, Joshua (April 1, 2020). "Tiger King is a show about how the internet eats us all". The Verge. Archived from the original on April 14, 2020. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
- Tannenbaum, Emily. "The 9 Wildest Revelations From the New 'Tiger King' Episode". Glamour. Archived from the original on December 26, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
Exotic allegedly didn’t kill the tigers because they were sick...He allegedly blew up John Reinke’s cabin and golf cart...Lowe says he never set up Joe Exotic...Joe Exotic allegedly asked Kirkham to kill Baskin...
- Murray, Noel (April 13, 2020). "Netflix's Tiger King aftershow undermines the series' credibility". Polygon. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- Power, Ed (April 12, 2020). "The Tiger King and I, Netflix review: even by Joe Exotic's standards, this was cheap". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on September 15, 2020. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- Harrison, Ellie (May 1, 2020). "Joel McHale responds to 'weird' backlash over his Tiger King special question". The Independent. Archived from the original on November 29, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
“People gave me such s*** for asking if Joe Exotic should be in jail, and I was like, that doesn’t seem like a hard-hitting geyser question,” McHale told Conan O’Brien. “They were like, ‘How dare you.’ and I was like, ‘19 felonies? Animal abuses?’” He added: “It was a weird thing because I think people see [Tiger King subjects] as characters and not necessarily human beings.”
- Vineyard, Jennifer (April 12, 2020). "'Tiger King' Revisited: 5 Things We Learned in the New Episode". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 24, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
Anyone in search of a serious critical evaluation of the criminal case against the flamboyant Joe Maldonado-Passage, better known as Joe Exotic — including his part in the attempted murder-for-hire of Carole Baskin — might want to look elsewhere. However, if all you want is a brief reunion with some of the zookeeper’s colorful colleagues, pull up a chair.
- Adams, Sam (April 13, 2020). "The Tiger King and I Almost Offers a Corrective to the Hit Series". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on October 23, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
Although it’s listed as a new episode of the seven-part Tiger King, … and I is just a barely glorified postgame roundup, checking in with the series’s minor players while offering little in the way of fresh insights, to say nothing of the WTF moments that the series delivers on a regular basis. These omissions are bizarre considering how much juicy material the show left on the table, but even when McHale does touch on a subject the show omits, like the fact that Joe Exotic didn’t even sing the country songs that are presented as his, he glosses over it or uses it as fodder for a weak one-liner. The series leaves so many questions unanswered, but McHale seemingly didn’t bother to pursue any of them, or if he did, those parts got cut out in favor of repetitive icebreakers like “Who would you want to play you in the movie?”
- Spangler, Todd (April 7, 2020). "'Tiger King' Nabbed Over 34 Million U.S. Viewers in First 10 Days, Nielsen Says (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
- Alexander, Julia (April 3, 2020). "Tiger King is a viral success because Netflix rules the jungle". The Verge. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2020.
- Patten, Dominic (July 16, 2020). "Netflix Reveals Strong Viewership Numbers For Mindy Kaling's 'Never Have I Ever' & Spike Lee's 'Da 5 Bloods' In Earnings Report". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on February 9, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2020.
- Schwartz, Ian. "Reporter Asks Trump About Possible Pardon". Real Clear Politics. Archived from the original on April 16, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
- "Who didn't Trump pardon? From Julian Assange to Joe Exotic and more". The Independent. January 21, 2021. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
- "Joe Exotic says he's "too innocent and too GAY" for Donald Trump to pardon him | NME". NME | Music, Film, TV, Gaming & Pop Culture News. January 20, 2021. Archived from the original on January 25, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
- "A zoologist's view of Tiger King: a crass exposé that could do some good". the Guardian. March 31, 2020. Archived from the original on December 9, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- Skidmore, Allison. "'Tiger King' and America's captive tiger problem". The Conversation. Archived from the original on January 4, 2021. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- "Animals Asia's Animal Welfare Director Dave Neale responds to the Netflix documentary Tiger King". www.animalsasia.org. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- Spencer, Samuel (April 1, 2020). "'Tiger King' director responds to Carole Baskin's criticism of Netflix documentary". Newsweek. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- Frick-Wright, Peter (April 9, 2020). "'Tiger King' Is a Wild Ride. And Largely Misleading". Outside. Archived from the original on April 15, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.
- Wahi, Sukriti (April 7, 2020). "'Tiger King' Is Worth Talking About, But The Conversation We're Having Is All Wrong". Elle. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- "Netflix's 'Tiger King' is a wake-up call for ending private possession of big cats". A Humane World. March 27, 2020. Archived from the original on December 14, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- "PETA Responds to 'Tiger King' Netflix Series, Joe Exotic". PETA. March 24, 2020. Archived from the original on December 9, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
- Walsh, Kathleen (March 31, 2020). "Opinion: Nobody is talking about the misogyny of Tiger King so I will". The Independent. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
- "Tiger King: Murder, Mayhem and Madness". Emmys.com. Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on August 4, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- Grein, Paul (January 27, 2021). "Diane Warren & James Newton Howard Among Top Winners at 2021 Hollywood Music in Media Awards". Billboard. Retrieved January 28, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Your 2021 MTV Movie & TV Awards Nominations Are Here: See The Full List". MTV News. April 19, 2021.
- Hill, Libby (March 8, 2021). "'Bridgerton' and 'Ted Lasso' Among PGA Awards TV Nominees". Indiewire. Archived from the original on March 9, 2021. Retrieved March 8, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Clarke, Emma (April 6, 2020). "26 hilarious Tiger King memes that sum up how wild the Netflix show is". www.standard.co.uk. Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
- Williams, Lexi. "Joe Exotic Shared What He *Really* Thinks Of 'Tiger King' & His Newfound Fame". Elite Daily. Archived from the original on April 18, 2020. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
- Crystal Bonvillian (March 31, 2020). "'Tiger King': Sheriff seeking leads in 1997 disappearance of Carole Baskin's 2nd husband". KIRO 7. Archived from the original on April 4, 2020. Retrieved April 22, 2020.
- "Carole and Howard Baskin say 'Tiger King' makers betrayed their trust". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on April 10, 2020. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
- "Tiger King: Carole Baskin rejects Netflix documentary's portrayal". BBC News. March 27, 2020. Archived from the original on April 6, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
- Baskin, Carole (March 31, 2020). "Refuting Netflix Tiger King". Big Cat Rescue. Archived from the original on March 25, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
- "Tiger King's Carole Baskin "wasn't coerced", says producer". Radio Times. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2020.
- "Carole Baskin Refuses To Be in Tiger King Season 2". ScreenRant. February 26, 2021. Archived from the original on March 1, 2021. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
- Chase, Stephanie (February 24, 2021). "Tiger King's Carole Baskin explains why she has quit Netflix show ahead of season 2". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on March 15, 2021. Retrieved March 15, 2021.
- "Doc Antle slams Netflix's 'Tiger King' as a 'train wreck of entertainment'". NBC News. Archived from the original on March 8, 2021. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- Freedman, Adrianna (March 25, 2020). "Here's What Happened to Kelci Saffery after 'Tiger King'". Men's Health. Archived from the original on March 29, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- "EXCLUSIVE: Tell All Interview With Saff From Netflix Series Tiger King". HIT 92.9. April 7, 2020. Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
- Storey, Kate (April 3, 2020). "Saff Saffery Discusses His Life After 'Tiger King' and Why He Left the Zoo Business Behind". Esquire. Archived from the original on April 10, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- Street, Mikelle (April 1, 2020). "'Tiger King's Saff Still Wants the Best for the Animals". Out. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
I don't know that that describes me. You know, nothing was done. I really just have lived this lifestyle. And, you know, my family knows this. And obviously, people closest to me know. This is how I've lived my entire life. I don't know anything else.
- Marr, Rhuaridh (April 3, 2020). "Netflix's 'Tiger King' portrays trans man as lesbian". Metro Weekly. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- Browning, Bil (March 31, 2020). ""Tiger King" presents a trans man as a butch lesbian during the entire show". LGBTQ Nation. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- Varley, Ciaran (April 2, 2020). "Tiger King: Memphis Depay not the first athlete to post picture with exotic animal". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on April 12, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- Hamdani, Adam (April 1, 2020). "Tiger King: Why Mike Tyson regrets his past owning exotic animals". The Independent. Archived from the original on April 6, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- Harvey, Josephine (March 31, 2020). "Shaquille O'Neal Explains That Controversial 'Tiger King' Cameo". HuffPost. Archived from the original on April 20, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- Cruz, Gilbert (March 31, 2020). "'Tiger King': What to Read if You're Obsessed With the Netflix Series". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 31, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
- "Joe Exotic: Tiger King". anchor.fm...podcast/rss. Archived from the original on April 23, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
- "Joe Exotic: Tiger King". rss.art19.com. Archived from the original on March 14, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
- Andreeva, Nellie (March 27, 2020). "'Joe Exotic' UCP Limited Series Starring Kate McKinnon As Carole Baskin Becomes Hot Commodity With Success Of Netflix's 'Tiger King'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on April 2, 2020. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
- Drysdale, Jennifer (August 25, 2020). "Carole Baskin Series Starring Kate McKinnon Gets Series Order at NBC". Entertainment Tonight. Archived from the original on September 19, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "ID Greenlights Sequel to "Tail" of Big Cats and Criminal Acts in "Investigating the Strange World of Joe Exotic"". The Futon Critic. April 6, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- "Tiger Tales of Missing and Murder: Investigation Discovery Unleashes Two New Specials, Featuring Exclusive New Jailhouse Interviews with Joe Exotic". The Futon Critic. September 10, 2020. Retrieved September 12, 2020.
- Hipes, Patrick; Andreeva, Nellie (April 8, 2020). "Rob Lowe & Ryan Murphy Mulling Joe Exotic Scripted Project To Star Lowe". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
- "Joe Exotic: A Dark Journey Into the World of a Man Gone Wild". Texas Monthly. May 13, 2019. Archived from the original on May 14, 2019. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
- "Hollywood, Texas: Nicolas Cage Is Your New Joe Exotic". Texas Monthly. May 8, 2020. Archived from the original on January 27, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
- Otterson, Joe; Kroll, Justin (May 5, 2020). "Nicolas Cage to Play 'Tiger King's' Joe Exotic in Scripted Series From 'American Vandal' Showrunner (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on May 4, 2020. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
- Otterson, Joe (September 10, 2020). "Joe Exotic Series Starring Nicolas Cage Lands at Amazon for Development". Variety. Archived from the original on September 10, 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 6, 2021. Retrieved April 6, 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)