Tidevarvet (Swedish: The Epoch) was a weekly political and feminist magazine existed between November 1923 and December 1936 in Stockholm, Sweden.[1]

CategoriesPolitical magazine
First issue24 November 1923
Final issueNovember 1936
Based inStockholm
Tidevarvets editorial office in 1935

History and profileEdit

Tidevarvet was established in 1923.[2] The first issue appeared on 24 November 1923.[3] The founders were five women, who were called the Fogelstad group: Kerstin Hesselgren, Honorine Hermelin, who was an educator, Ada Nilsson, who was a medical doctor, Elisabeth Tamm, a politician, and Elin Wägner, who was an author.[4][5] The founders had a liberal political stance.[5] It was started on the initiatives of the Liberal Women's National Association, which was also established by the group.[6][7]

Tidevarvet stated its mission in the first issue as follows: the magazine would be a “forum, an arena in which men and women can work side by side to forge a broad-minded vision and find ways of implementing it in legislation and community life.”[8] The magazine was published on a weekly basis.[9][10] It adopted a radical political[10] and pacifist stance.[9] Elisabeth Tamm subsidised the magazine.[11] Tidevarvet ceased publication in December 1936.[12][13]

Editors, contributors and contentEdit

The launching editor of the magazine was Ellen Hagen[5] whose term was between 1923 and 1924.[1] Then, Elin Wägner edited Tidevarvet from 1924 to 1927.[6] She was replaced by Carin Hermelin in the post who edited Tidevarvet from 1927 to its demise in 1936.[1][5]

Honorine Hermelin and Moa Martinson were among the contributors.[14] The latter published notes about her visit to the Soviet Union in the magazine,[14] which continued to be an influential platform to discuss social and women-related issues in Sweden until 1935.[4] Ada Nilsson also worked in the magazine.[15] The other significant contributors included Eva Andén, Emilia Fogelklou, Klara Johansson and Frida Steenhoff.[5]

Although Tidevarvet was a feminist publication, it did not publish specific issues on women arguing that all areas of society were concerned with women.[16] In addition to political content, the magazine frequently featured articles about physical training and sports.[16] These were mostly written by a medical doctor and political activist Andrea Andreen.[16] The magazine invited its readers to join the activities of the Swedish Women's Federation for Physical Culture.[16]


Hjördis Levin published a book about the magazine and its contributors, Kvinnorna på barrikaden (meaning Women on the Barricade in English).[5]


  1. ^ a b c "Tidevarvet". Göteborgs Universitetsbibliotek (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Tidevarvet 1923". Göteborgs Universitetsbibliotek (in Swedish). Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  3. ^ "Tidevarvet cover page" (PDF). Tidevarvet (in Swedish). Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b Lene Buchert. "Hesselgren, Kerstin (1872-1964)". Performance Magazine. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Tidevarvsgruppen (The Age Group), Fogelstad-gruppen (The Fogelstad Group) and the newspaper Tidevarvet (The Age)". Hjördis Levin's homepage. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  6. ^ a b Karl Erik Gustafsson; Per Rydén (2010). A History of the Press in Sweden (PDF). Gothenburg: Nordicom. ISBN 978-91-86523-08-4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015.
  7. ^ Irene Andersson (2003). "'Women's Unarmed Uprising Against War': A Swedish Peace Protest in 1935". Journal of Peace Research. 40 (4): 399. doi:10.1177/00223433030404003. S2CID 143056287.
  8. ^ Helena Forsås-Scott. "Gas Mask Madonna". Nordic Women's Literature. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  9. ^ a b Majken Jul Sørensen (5 January 2011). "Swedish Women's Civil Defence Refusal 1935–1956". War Resisters' International. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  10. ^ a b "Report from Fogelstad". Moderna Museet. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  11. ^ Ebba Witt-Brattström. "From Man to Child". Nordic Women's Literature. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  12. ^ Helena Forsas-Scott (2000). Swedish Women's Writing 1850–1995. London; Atlantic Highlands, NJ: The Athlone Press. p. 269. ISBN 978-1-84714-197-2.
  13. ^ "Magazine" (PDF). Tidevarvet. No. 45–46. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  14. ^ a b Dagmar Brunow (2009). "Allegory, Performativity, and Intervention: The Function of Travelogues in a Contested Space" (PDF). In KG Hammarlund (ed.). Borders as Experience. Halmstad: School of Humanities, Halmstad University. pp. 201–215. ISBN 978-91-978256-0-3.
  15. ^ Alexandra Stang (2015). Possibilities, Silences (PhD thesis). University of Helsinki. hdl:10138/157585.
  16. ^ a b c d Helena Tolvhed (Summer 2015). "A Sound Citizen in a Sound Body: Sport and the Issue of Women's Emancipation in 1920s Sweden". Journal of Women's History. 27 (2): 41, 45. doi:10.1353/jowh.2015.0014. S2CID 142121324.

External linksEdit