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Tibialis posterior muscle

The tibialis posterior is the most central of all the leg muscles, and is located in the deep posterior compartment of the leg.

Tibialis posterior muscle
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The mucous sheaths of the tendons around the ankle. Medial aspect. (Tibialis posterior labeled at top center.)
Details
OriginTibia and fibula
InsertionNavicular and medial cuneiform bone
ArteryPosterior tibial artery
NerveTibial nerve
ActionsInversion of the foot and plantar flexion of the foot at the ankle
AntagonistFibularis brevis and longus, antagonist to the inversion.
Identifiers
LatinMusculus tibialis posterior
TAA04.7.02.051
FMA51099
Anatomical terms of muscle

It is the key stabilizing muscle of the lower leg.

Blood is supplied to the muscle by the posterior tibial artery, and innervation is via the tibial nerve.

Contents

StructureEdit

The tibialis posterior muscle originates on the inner posterior borders of the tibia and fibula. It is also attached to the interosseous membrane, which attaches to the tibia and fibula.

The tendon of the tibialis posterior muscle (sometimes called the posterior tibial tendon) descends posterior to the medial malleolus and terminates by dividing into plantar, main, and recurrent components. The main portion inserts into the tuberosity of the navicular and the plantar surface of the medial cuneiform. The plantar portion inserts into the bases of the second, third and fourth metatarsals, the intermediate and lateral cuneiforms and the cuboid. The recurrent portion inserts into the sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus.

FunctionEdit

As well as being a key muscle and tendon for stabilization, the tibialis posterior also contracts to produce inversion and assists in the plantar flexion of the foot at the ankle. The tibialis posterior has a major role in supporting the medial arch of the foot. Dysfunction of the tibialis posterior, including rupture of the tibialis posterior tendon, can lead to flat feet in adults, as well as a valgus deformity due to unopposed eversion when inversion is lost.

Additional imagesEdit

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