Tiantai Temple (Mount Jiuhua)

Tiantai Temple (simplified Chinese: 天台寺; traditional Chinese: 天臺寺; pinyin: Tiāntaí Sì), also known as the Temple of Ksitigarbha (地藏寺), is the highest Buddhist temple[1] located on Mount Jiuhua, in Qingyang County, Anhui, China.[2] It was first built in the Tang dynasty (618–907), and went through many changes and repairs through the following dynasties. Most of the present structures in the temple were repaired or built in the late Qing dynasty (1644–1911).

Tiantai Temple
天台寺
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
SectChan Buddhism
Location
LocationMount Jiuhua, Qingyang County, Anhui
CountryChina
Geographic coordinates30°34′21″N 117°46′36″E / 30.572417°N 117.776781°E / 30.572417; 117.776781Coordinates: 30°34′21″N 117°46′36″E / 30.572417°N 117.776781°E / 30.572417; 117.776781
Architecture
StyleChinese architecture
FounderZhaolian (昭莲)
Date established1368
Completed1890 (reconstruction)

HistoryEdit

 
A frontal view of Tiantai Temple.

Tang dynastyEdit

The original temple dates back to the Tang dynasty (618–907), while Kim Gyo-gak resided in here, where promulgated Buddhist sutras.[3][4]

Ming dynastyEdit

The temple was first built by monk Zhaolian (昭莲) in 1368, at the dawn of Ming dynasty (1368–1644).[5]

Qing dynastyEdit

In 1720, in the reign of Kangxi Emperor (1662–1722) in the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), monk Chenchenzi (尘尘子) settled at the temple and named it "Huomai'an" (活埋庵). The modern temple was founded in 1890, in the ruling of Guangxu Emperor (1875–1908).[5]

Republic of ChinaEdit

In 1920 abbot Chede (彻德) raised funds to built a main hall. Abbot Lantian (兰田) supervised the construction of stone road in the following year. The temple had reached unprecedented heyday between 1936 and 1949, under the leadership of abbot Yifang (义方).[5]

People's Republic of ChinaEdit

After the establishment of the Communist State in 1949, a modern restoration of the entire temple complex was carried out in 1953 by the Qingyang County Government.[5]

Tiantai Temple has been designated as a National Key Buddhist Temple in Han Chinese Area by the State Council of China in 1983.[5]

ArchitectureEdit

The existing main buildings include the Shanmen, Four Heavenly Kings Hall, Mahavira Hall, Hall of Guanyin, Dharma Hall, Meditation Hall, and Reception Hall.

TourismEdit

Tiantai temple is a popular destination for Chinese Buddhists wishing for prosperity in the Chinese New Year. A cable car runs up the mountain and buses run from the Tiantai Scenic Area Bus Stop in Jiuhua township.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tiantai Temple, Jiuhua Mountain". www.szdaily.com.
  2. ^ Zhang Yuhuan (2012), p. 148.
  3. ^ Zhang Yuhuan (2012), p. 148–149.
  4. ^ 九华山天台寺. anhuinews.com (in Chinese (China)). 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2020-01-06.
  5. ^ a b c d e 中国四大佛教名山安徽九华山金秋行(图). 163.com (in Chinese). 2012-09-26.
  6. ^ "Jiuhua Shan, Greater Tiantai Peak (天梯) | Walk in China". Radventures.

BibliographyEdit

  • Zhang Yuhuan (2012). "The Temple with the Highest Position in Mount Jiuhua: Tiantai Temple" 《九华山位置最高的寺院:九华山天台寺》. 《图解中国著名佛教寺院》 [Illustration of Famous Buddhist Temples in China] (in Chinese). Beijing: Contemporary China Publishing House. ISBN 978-7-5154-0135-5.