Tianjin Jinmen Tiger F.C.

  (Redirected from Tianjin Teda F.C.)

Tianjin Jinmen Tiger Football Club is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA). The team is based in Tianjin, and their home stadium is the Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium with a seating capacity of 54,696. The founding owners of the team are TEDA Holding (the sponsorship name is derived from the initials of Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area), a state-owned conglomerate of the People's Republic of China.[1]

Tianjin Jinmen Tiger
天津津门虎
Tianjin Jinmen Tiger logo.jpg
Full nameTianjin Jinmen Tiger Football Club
天津津门虎足球俱乐部
Nickname(s)津门虎
(The Tigers)
Founded1951; 70 years ago (1951) as North China
1956; 65 years ago (1956) as Tianjin City FC
1993; 28 years ago (1993) as Tianjin FC (Professional)
16 February 1998; 23 years ago (1998-02-16) as Tianjin Teda
GroundTianjin Olympic Center, Tianjin
Capacity54,696
OwnerTEDA Holding
ManagerYu Genwei
LeagueChinese Super League
2020CSL, 10th of 16

The club's predecessor was called Tianjin Football Club and they predominantly played in the top tier, where they won several domestic league and cup titles. In 1993, the club was reorganized to become a completely professional football club. Since then, they have won the 2011 Chinese FA Cup and were runners-up in the 2010 Chinese Super League season. The club is one of only four clubs that has stayed in the top tier for all fifteen seasons since the establishment of the Chinese Super League, the other three being Shandong Luneng, Beijing Guoan, and Shanghai Shenhua. Notable players of the team include Yu Genwei and Li Weifeng.

According to Forbes, Tianjin are the 8th most valuable football team in China, with a team value of $84 million, and an estimated revenue of $15 million in 2015.[2]

HistoryEdit

Tianjin Football ClubEdit

The club's first incarnation came in 1951 when the local government sports body decided to take part in China's first fully nationalized football league tournament and decided to merge the best players from Beijing and Tianjin to create the North China team.[3] The team name was taken from the football team in the 1910 multi-sport event Chinese National Games that also represented the same regions.[4] The team ended up finishing fourth in their debut season and with the football league gradually expanding the team were allowed to separate themselves from Beijing and the local government sports body were allowed to reformed the club as Tianjin Football Club in 1956. The players were mainly from the United White team that lost to the United Red team in the finals of the 1956 Chinese National Olympic Football Trial.[5] The club took part in the expanding 1957 Chinese national football league tournament where they ended the campaign as runners-up at the end of the season.[6] By 1959 the club would hire from within and promoted former team captain Zeng Xuelin as their manager who would return this good faith by winning the 1960 league title as well as the Chinese FA Cup.[7] For the next several seasons Tianjin would now become regular title contenders, however the Cultural Revolution halted football within the country and when it returned Zeng Xuelin had already left to join the Beijing football team set-up.[8]

The club brought in Sun Xiafeng to manage the team and he would make sure Tianjin were still a force within the league when he guided the club to runners-up spot at the end of the 1974 league season, where they narrowly lost the league title to August 1st football team on goal difference. His reign at the club was, however, short-lived, and it wasn't until Tianjin brought in Yan Dejun in 1977 before the club would taste any further success. While his first few seasons were not particularly eventful he would go on to assemble a team built-up of young local players such as Lü Hongxiang, Zuo Shusheng and Chen Jingang. The players he assembled would go on to mature in the 1980 league season when Tianjin won the league title at the end of the campaign after a twenty-year wait.[9] With Tianjin allowed to field a B team within the second tier the club would now have a steady supply of youngsters coming into the team to fight for places, which made sure the 1980 title win wasn't a one-off when the club won the 1983 North League title.[10] This would, however, be Yan Dejun's last piece of silverware with the club and despite coming close on several occasions he would leave the team in 1987. It was also during this period that the Chinese Football Association were demanding more professionalism from all the Chinese teams, unfortunately for the club was transitional period for the team and they were relegated to the second tier at the end of the 1991 league season.[11] Strangely enough the club's management decided to miss the 1992 league season and spent the whole year in the Netherlands preparing the squad for full professionalism, which the club converted to in 1993.[12]

ProfessionalismEdit

With the Chinese football leagues fully professional by 1994, Tianjin brought in Lin Xinjiang to manage the club, where he guided them to a runners-up position and promotion back into the top tier at the end of the season.[13] With the club back in the top tier, they soon gained their first sponsorship deal with Samsung in 1995, while on the field they achieved enough to remain within the league until Lin Xinjiang left the club, and they were soon relegated to the second tier once again at the end of the 1997 league season.[14] On February 16, 1998, the TEDA Group (derived from the initials of Tianjin Economic – Technological Development Area) took over the club for 50 million yuan, along with lower league local rivals Tianjin Vanke, to form Tianjin Teda for the start of the 1998 Chinese league season.[15] The club would bring in their first ever foreign coach and immediately win promotion back to the top tier by winning the division title.[16] The club struggled to remain within the top division and often found themselves in the lower half of the league; while this may have been enough to avoid relegation for the previous seasons, the Chinese Football Association decided to employ an averaging system for the 2003 league campaign, which would also take into account the 2002 league results. It seemed like the club would be relegated once again unless they beat title chasers Shanghai International on the final league game of the season, which they unexpectedly did, winning the game 2–1. It was discovered that the result was too good to be true and that the general manager Yang Yifeng bribed the Shanghai International players Shen Si, Qi Hong, Jiang Jin and Li Ming (1975) to forfeit the game.[17] With the Chinese FA attempting to clean up its image over match-fixing, they decided that despite the incidents taking place over 10 years ago, it would retroactively punish the club on February 18, 2013, with a 1 million Yuan fine and a 6-point deduction at the beginning of the 2013 Chinese Super League season.[18]

Tianjin remained in the Chinese top tier while it re-branded itself as the Chinese Super League, they also affiliated themselves with Australian A-League Club, Melbourne Victory in 2007.[19] They achieved little until the club brought in former player Zuo Shusheng to manage the team during the 2008 league season, when he revitalised the team and guided the club to their first ever entry to the AFC Champions League.[20] At the beginning of the 2009 league season, the club brought in Li Guangyi as their new general manager; however, on August 18, the players went on strike during a training session after it was discovered he wanted to change the club's pay system, which would have shrunken the players' wages, and it was not until the club's owner, Liu Huiwen, heard the players' representatives before the strike ended.[21] After the strike, the leaders of it such as Chinese internationals Yang Jun and Han Yanming and Chinese U-23 player Tan Wangsong would be frozen out of the team and eventually released, while back on the field the club's results declined as they were unable to replicate the previous season's achievements.[22] By the following season, the club would bring in former Chinese international manager Arie Haan, where he guided the club to a runners-up spot at the end of the 2010 league season. He would then guide the club to a last 16 position within the 2011 AFC Champions League and then lead the club to win their first piece of professional silverware when they won the 2011 Chinese FA Cup.[23] In subsequent seasons they struggled and declined in the ranks, coming within one rank of relegation in the 2018 Chinese Super League. After a short comeback of 7th place in the 2019 season, their situation continued to get worse. Despite the efforts of firing German Uli Stielike and replacing him with Wang Baoshan to attempt for positive changes midway of the season, TEDA were placed last finishing the regular portion of the 2020 season, with a winless league season of only 3 draws. TEDA also became the first team in CSL history to suffer a winless season (excluding specialized playoffs in 2020 due to the occurrence of COVID-19). Additionally, this season is the worst season in terms of points for both TEDA and any team in CSL history. As an outcome, TEDA sparked the public anger of many of its fans. Plenty of them went on social media such as Weibo to criticize the team and expressing their deep dissatisfaction towards the players, the coach, as well as club officials. Nevertheless, they won two matches out of six relegation playoffs, which eventually earned them a surprising tenth place as their final position.[24]

Dramatic reviveEdit

Since the end of the 2020 season, series of reports revealed a fact that the team would be discontinued by the TEDA group.[25][26][27] The team did not regroup for winter training, while players began to terminate their contract and move to other teams.[28] Many claimed that their salaries were unpaid.[29] On 28 February 2021, Tianjin Tigers failed to submit entrance files for the 2020 season, when it came to a consensus that the team would possibly not participate in the 2021 CSL, although the team constantly remained silent about the issue.[30] Then on 23 March, the day when the CFA was supposed to publish the entry list for the 2021 season, sources claimed that Tianjin Tigers would re-submit necessary files for participation,[31] while the publication was actually postponed.[32] A few days later, Tianjin Tigers was officially listed among other 2021 CSL teams, indicating a dramatic revive.[33]

Name historyEdit

  • 1956–92: Tianjin City FC (天津市足球队).[34]
  • 1993–94: Tianjin FC (天津足球俱乐部)
  • 1995–96: Tianjin Samsung (天津三星)
  • 1997: Tianjin Lifei (天津立飞)
  • 1998–2020: Tianjin TEDA (天津泰达)
  • 2021–: Tianjin Jinmen Tiger (天津津门虎)

GroundsEdit

 
Tianjin TEDA Soccer Stadium

TEDA Football Stadium (Chinese: 泰达足球场) is a professional football stadium in Tianjin, China. It is the home of Tianjin Teda F.C. The stadium holds 37,450 people and was built in 2004. The stadium is located in the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA), and was designed by Peddle Thorp Architects, an Australian architecture firm.

RivalriesEdit

The Jing-Jin derby is a local rivalry between Tianjin Teda and neighboring Beijing Guoan.[35] Both teams can trace their histories to the North China team before it split to form Tianjin and Beijing Football Club.[36] Since then both clubs have predominantly remained within the top tier of Chinese football providing a constant rivalry fixture, which has led to intense matches that have spilled out away from the stadiums and onto the streets that have led to property destruction as well as further intensifying their relationship. Also, Tianjin Tianhai were considered their rivals developed during recent years due to the separation of some Tianjinese fans. The two teams used the same ground in 2019 season. Nevertheless, this rivalry came to an end followed by the dissolution of Tianhai in 2020.[37]

Current squadEdit

First-team squadEdit

As of 31 July 2021[38]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
2 DF   CHN Wang Zhenghao
3 DF   CHN Li Songyi (on loan from Shandong Taishan)
4 MF   CHN Li Haoran
5 DF   CHN Qiu Tianyi
6 DF   CHN Gao Jiarun
7 MF   CHN Zhou Tong
8 MF   CHN Zhao Yingjie
10 MF   NED Marko Vejinović
11 FW   CHN Xie Weijun
12 MF   BRA Magno Cruz (on loan from Jiangxi Beidamen)
14 FW   CHN Lan Jingxuan
15 MF   CHN Yang Wanshun
16 FW   CHN Li Xiang
17 FW   FRA Jules Iloki
19 DF   CHN Bai Yuefeng
20 DF   CHN Wang Jianan
21 DF   CHN Jin Yangyang (on loan from Shanghai Shenhua)
No. Pos. Nation Player
22 GK   CHN Fang Jingqi
23 DF   CHN Qian Yumiao
24 MF   CHN Piao Taoyu
25 GK   CHN Hu Haoran
27 GK   CHN Teng Shangkun
28 DF   CHN Tan Wangsong
29 FW   CHN Ba Dun (on loan from Beijing Guoan)
30 MF   CHN Fan Xuyang (on loan from Hubei Istar)
31 MF   CHN Chen Kerui (on loan from Shandong Taishan)
32 MF   CHN Su Yuanjie
33 DF   CHN Song Yue
37 DF   CHN Yang Zihao
39 MF   CHN Cong Zhen (on loan from Shanghai Shenhua)
40 FW   CHN Shi Yan (on loan from Shandong Taishan)
44 DF   HUN Tamás Kádár (on loan from Shandong Taishan)

Reserve squadEdit

As of 26 December 2020

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
42 DF   CHN Xie Deshun
43 MF   CHN Guo Zhenquan
44 MF   CHN Kou Xinyu
45 MF   CHN Li Gongtai
46 FW   CHN Han Zixuan
47 DF   CHN Li Jiang
48 DF   CHN Zheng Xu
49 FW   CHN Qian Benchengchuan
50 MF   CHN Zhang Hao
51 GK   CHN Ding Bowei
52 DF   CHN Zhou Shun
No. Pos. Nation Player
55 MF   CHN Tang Yuchen
57 MF   CHN Chang Shuaitao
58 MF   CHN Chen Feida
59 DF   CHN Wang Qingyi
61 MF   CHN Yu Xueyi
66 DF   CHN Zhang Yan
- DF   CHN Lei Tenglong
- FW   BRA Francisco Soares
- FW   CHN Mao Haoyu
- MF   CHN Che Shiwei
- GK   CHN Yang Qipeng

Unregistered playersEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   CHN Zhang Chiming
- MF   CHN Liu Yaoxin
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF   CHN Sun Ya
DF   CHN Luan Zhibo

Retired numbersEdit

12 – Club Supporters (the 12th Man) The number was retired in January 2016.[39]

Out on loanEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player

Coaching staffEdit

Position Staff
Head coach   Yu Genwei
General Coordinator   Wang Jun
Assistant Coach   Zhang Chaosong
Assistant Coach   Sun Jianjun
Goalkeeping Coach   Wang Lüe
Fitness Coach   Zhang Li
Player/Coach   Bai Yuefeng
Player/Coach   Tan Wangsong

Managerial historyEdit

Semi-pro seasons:

Professional seasons:[40]

HonoursEdit

All-time honours list including semi-professional Tianjin Football Club period.[41][42]

LeagueEdit

Winners (3): 1960, 1980, 1983 (Shared)
  • Chinese Jia-B League
Winners (1): 1998

CupEdit

Winners (2): 1960, 2011
Runners-up (1): 1956

Reserve TeamEdit

  • Coca-Cola Olympic League Champions: 1996
  • Reserve League Champions: 2007

YouthEdit

U-19 Team

  • U19 FA Cup Winners: 2005

U-15 Team

  • U15 Winners Cup Winners: 2006

Minor TrophiesEdit

  • Lord Mayor's Cup:
    • Winners (1): 2009

ResultsEdit

All-time league rankings

As of the end of 2020 season.[43][44]

Year Div Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Pos. FA Cup Super Cup League Cup AFC Other Att./G Stadium
1956  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – RU  –  –
1957 1 20 15 3 2 48 18 30 53 RU NH  –  –
1958 1 21 8 7 6 34 20 14 44 3 NH  –  –
1960 1 13 9 3 1 25 10 15 91 W W  –  –
1961 1 17 7 9 1 23 11 12 101 3 NH  –  –
1962 1 19 9 8 2 31 16 15 121 4 NH  –  –
1963 1 10 3 2 5 16 18 −2 31 3 NH  –  –
1964 1 22 8 8 6 15 17 −2 24 5 NH  –  –
1965 1 11 3 4 4 10 9 1 10 7 NH  –  –
1973 1 24 14 4 6 35 18 17 161 5 NH  –  –
1974 1 18 13 4 1 39 13 26 151 RU NH  –  –
1976 1 8 6 1 1 16 4 12 13 12 NH  –  –
1977 1 13 10 1 2 24 10 14 6 NH  –  –
1978 1 30 13 11 6 39 29 10 37 4 NH  –  –
1979 1 30 13 8 9 36 24 12 34 6 NH  –  –
1980 1 29 16 9 4 34 14 20 41 W NH  –  –
1981 1 30 17  – 13 34 7 NH  –  –
1982 1 30  – 19 11 47 27 20 38 3 NH  –  –
1983 1 16 12  – 4 24 11 13 24 W3 NH  –  –
1984 1 30 21  – 9 47 28 19 42 RU 4  –  –
1985 1 15 8  – 7 11 16 8 5  –  –
1986 1 14 7 5 2 20 11 9 19 4 6  –  –
1987 1 14 6 6 2 19 13 6 24 RU NH  –  –
1988 1 25 11 9 5 29 14 15 48.5 3 NH  –  –
1989 1 14 5 3 6 13 13 0 19 5 NH  –  –
1990 1 14 5 6 3 17 11 6 22 5 Group  –  –
1991 1 14 2 2 10 8 22 −14 6 8 Group  –  –
1992 1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – R2  –  –
1993 2 9 5 1/0 3 13 10 3 41 3 NH  –  –
1994 2 20 9 10 1 32 22 10 28 RU NH  –  – DNE Minyuan Stadium
1995 1 22 7 3 12 20 40 −20 24 8 R1 DNQ  – 19,173 Minyuan Stadium
1996 1 22 6 8 8 20 30 −10 26 8 R2 DNQ  – 20,345 Minyuan Stadium
1997 1 22 5 8 9 20 28 −8 23 11 R2 DNQ  – 17,091 Minyuan Stadium
1998 2 22 11 11 0 42 20 22 44 W R2 DNQ  – Minyuan Stadium
1999 1 26 8 11 7 32 28 4 35 7 R1 DNQ  – 13,692 Minyuan Stadium
2000 1 26 7 10 9 28 37 −9 31 10 R2 DNQ  – 13,692 Minyuan Stadium
2001 1 26 10 6 10 38 31 7 36 7 QF DNQ  – 10,154 Minyuan Stadium
2002 1 28 9 7 12 37 36 1 34 10 QF DNQ  – 9,250 Minyuan Stadium
2003 1 28 8 12 8 32 33 −1 36 10 R16 DNQ  – 13,000 Minyuan Stadium
2004 1 22 7 8 7 28 29 −1 29 6 R2 NH SF 13,182 Minyuan Stadium
TEDA Football Stadium
2005 1 26 14 7 5 48 26 22 49 4 R1 NH R1 16,462
2006 1 28 10 10 8 40 38 2 40 6 QF NH NH 18,071
2007 1 28 12 8 8 31 22 9 44 6 NH NH NH 15,429 TEDA Football Stadium
2008 1 30 16 9 5 54 29 25 57 4 NH NH NH 14,007
2009 1 30 12 9 9 36 29 7 45 6 NH NH NH Group 14,554
2010 1 30 13 11 6 37 29 8 50 RU NH NH NH 14,757
2011 1 30 8 13 9 37 41 −4 37 10 W NH NH R16 18,242 TEDA Football Stadium
Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium
2012 1 30 10 10 10 29 30 −1 40 8 R4 RU NH Group 14,175 TEDA Football Stadium
2013 1 30 11 7 12 35 39 −4 344 11 R4 DNQ NH 16,577 Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium
TEDA Football Stadium
2014 1 30 10 9 11 41 44 −3 39 7 R3 DNQ NH 17,190
2015 1 30 7 10 13 39 46 −7 31 13 R4 DNQ NH 19,661 Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium
2016 1 30 9 9 12 38 50 −12 36 10 R4 DNQ NH 22,081
2017 1 30 8 7 15 30 49 −19 31 13 R4 DNQ NH 14,531 Tianjin Tuanbo Football Stadium
2018 1 30 8 8 14 41 54 −13 32 14 R16 DNQ NH 18,487 Tianjin Olympic Center Stadium
2019 1 30 12 5 13 43 45 −2 41 7 QF DNQ NH
2020 1 20 2 5 13 15 35 −20 3 10 SF DNQ NH Suzhou and Dalian
2021 1 22 NH
  • No league games in 1959, 1966–72, and 1975; Tianjin didn't compete in 1992 Jia B but had kept their spot in the league.
  • ^1 : In final group stage. ^2 : In the group stage. ^3 : In the north league. ^4 : Deducted 6 points.

Key

International resultsEdit

As of 2020 season

Season Competition Round Club Home Away Aggregate
2009[45] AFC Champions League Group H   Kawasaki Frontale 3–1 0–1 3rd
  Central Coast Mariners 2–2 1–0
  Pohang Steelers 0–0 0–1
2011[46] AFC Champions League Group E   Jeju United 3–0 1–0 2nd
  Gamba Osaka 2–1 0–2
  Melbourne Victory 1–1 1–2
Round of 16   Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors
0–3
2012[47] AFC Champions League Group G   Central Coast Mariners 0–0 1–5 4th
  Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma 0–3 1–1
  Nagoya Grampus 0–3 0–0

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External linksEdit