Thuwaini bin Said al-Busaidi (Arabic: ثويني بن سعيد ال سعيد, Sayyied Thuwaynī bin Sa‘id al-Sa‘id) (1821–1866) also called (October 19, 1856 – February 11, 1866), was the third son of Said bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat and Oman. Thuwaini was born in Oman, and never visited Zanzibar. When his father was away in Zanzibar, Thuwaini was his representative in Oman.
|Thuwaini bin Said|
|Sultan of Muscat and Oman|
|Predecessor||Said bin Sultan|
|Successor||Salim bin Thuwaini|
|Died||11 February 1866|
|Spouse||Ghaliya bint Salim al Busaidiyah|
|Father||Said bin Sultan|
After the death of Said bin Sultan on Zanzibar in 1856, Thuwaini became Sultan of Muscat and Oman, while his brother, the sixth son, Majid, took power on Zanzibar. Through British mediation, it was agreed that Majid should pay a yearly tribute to Oman. However, Majid paid this tribute a few years only, and when he stopped, Thuwaini was in no position to enforce payment from the much wealthier Zanzibar. This left Muscat and Oman in a difficult financial situation. Thuwaini was forced to levy duties on various articles, creating malcontent. In 1866 he was rumored to have been killed by his own son, Sayyid Salim bin Thuwaini.
The Arabist scholar and traveller William Gifford Palgrave relates how, when they were shipwrecked in March 1863 on Sowadah Island just off Oman, they were very well received and treated by Thuwaini.
- Emily Ruete, Ulrich Haarmann (Editor), E. Van Donzel (Editor), Leiden, Netherlands, (1992): An Arabian Princess Between Two Worlds: Memoirs, Letters Home, Sequels to the Memoirs, Syrian Customs and Usages. ISBN 90-04-09615-9
- Palgrave, W. G. (1866): Personal Narrative of a Year's Journey through Central and Eastern Arabia (1862–1863), Vol. II, (full text available online, also reprinted many times)