Thunderbird (John Proudstar) is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer Len Wein and artist Dave Cockrum, the character first appears in Giant-Size X-Men #1 (cover-dated May 1975). Thunderbird was a short-lived member of the Second Genesis group of X-Men gathered together in this issue, as he died on their second mission.
|First appearance||Giant-Size X-Men #1|
|Created by||Len Wein (writer)|
Dave Cockrum (artist)
|Alter ego||John Proudstar|
United States Marine Corps
|Abilities||Superhuman senses, strength, speed, stamina, and sturdiness|
Trained unarmed/hand-to-hand combatant
An Apache Native American and Human Mutant, John Proudstar possesses superhuman athletic ability. Since his death, the character has been temporarily brought back to life in the Necrosha and Chaos War storylines. His brother, James Proudstar, known first as Thunderbird, and then as Warpath, is also a mutant and X-Men with similar capabilities.
In addition to his mainstream incarnations, Thunderbird has been depicted in other fictional universes. The most notable alternative version of the character is the member of the original Exiles team. In other media, Thunderbird is one of the main characters adapted to the live-action television series The Gifted, which debuted in 2017, portrayed by the actor Blair Redford.
Writer Len Wein and artist Dave Cockrum created Thunderbird for the new X-Men, specifically to be a member of the team who would fail the entrance exam. Having already decided that the previously introduced characters Sunfire and Banshee would fail the exam, Wein and Cockrum felt it would be unrealistic for only older characters to "flunk out", and set about creating a new character to fit this role. After developing Thunderbird, however, they decided that they liked the character — his costume in particular — too much to write him off after only one issue, and decided to keep him on.
The character debuted in Giant-Size X-Men #1 (May 1975). While working on the first issues of the regular series, the creative team realized that having Thunderbird as a regular character was problematic. According to Cockrum, "...we created him as an obnoxious loudmouth, and we already had an obnoxious loudmouth in Wolverine. So one of us decided to kill him off after all, just for shock value." Chris Claremont, who scripted the story, confirms that it was Wein who decided to kill the character, and added, "He figured there are two ways to do this. One, you spend years, if not decades, building up a relationship between the audience and a character, building the emotional bonds between them so when something happens to that character the audience is devastated. Or you do it right off the bat, when no one is expecting it." The story culminating in Thunderbird's death appeared in X-Men #94-95.
In 2000, for the 25th anniversary of the introduction of Thunderbird, writer Scott Lobdell and artist Aaron Lopresti did a two-issue series about the character, with a cover by Art Adams. Marvel Comics never published the series. At the same period, after nine years of absence, Chris Claremont returned to the X-Men to take over the titles. According to Brian Cronin from Comic Book Resources, there were likely two events that lead to the cancellation of this mini-series. Firstly, Claremont introduced a new X-Man character Neal Shaara with the codename Thunderbird. Secondly, Claremont had his own project for the 25th anniversary: X-Men: Black Sun, which had a spotlight comic on the various members of the All-New, All-Different X-Men, including one on Thunderbird with his partner Wolverine.
In 2010, the character appeared in the front of a teaser featuring X-Men characters believed to be dead titled "All New, All Different". Thunderbird was one of the feature characters in the 2011 two-issue limited series Chaos War: X-Men.
Fictional character biographyEdit
John Proudstar was born into an Apache tribe on a reservation in Camp Verde, Arizona. As a teenager, he discovered he possessed the mutant abilities of superhuman senses, strength, speed, stamina, and sturdiness.
He was then recruited by Professor Charles Xavier to join his third group of X-Men. Eager to prove his prowess, Proudstar agreed and assumed the superhero codename Thunderbird. He assisted the other X-Men in rescuing the original X-Men from Krakoa the mutant island.[C 1]
During the weeks of training that followed, the ill-tempered and individualistic Thunderbird often found himself going head to head with the X-Men's leader, Cyclops. The new team's second mission took them to Valhalla Base, Colorado, to combat Count Nefaria and the Ani-Men.[C 2] When Nefaria attempted to make his escape in a jet plane, Proudstar leapt on board. Disregarding Professor X's orders to jump to safety, Thunderbird hammered at it with his bare fists. The plane exploded, killing Proudstar.[C 3] Count Nefaria is later revealed to have survived the crash.[C 4]
Thunderbird's brother, James Proudstar has similar powers, although to a much greater degree. He is also an X-Man who first used the codename Thunderbird then switched to Warpath when he joined X-Force team.:220
When Warpath goes to visit Thunderbird's grave during the Necrosha storyline, he encounters the Demon Bear. After defeating the creature, with the aid of Ghost Rider, he learns that former Purifier Eli Bard has dug up Thunderbird and everyone else buried there.[C 5] It is revealed that Bard used a version of the Technarch virus to resurrect Thunderbird and the others as his servants.[C 6] Thunderbird is later seen with Selene's Inner Circle and Caliban being led to the ruins of Genosha, which she dubs Necrosha.[C 7] Thunderbird fights Warpath, who snaps his neck and then kills Selene. Thunderbird's spirit is seen departing, telling his brother that he "can let go now".[C 8]
During the Chaos War storyline, Thunderbird is among the fallen X-Men members (along with Banshee, Moira MacTaggert, Esme and Sophie of the Stepford Cuckoos, and three deceased dupes of Multiple Man) to return from the dead after what happened to the death realms. He remembers the last time he was revived briefly during the events of Necrosha, albeit faintly. Thunderbird leads the revived X-Men members to looking for a diary written by Destiny that might hold the key to defeating Amatsu-Mikaboshi while evading Carrion Crow, Eater of the Dead.[C 9] Thunderbird called upon the mythical Thunderbird to get him and his group away from the Carrion Crow. He and the group discover that Moira MacTaggert has been possessed by Destiny's ghost. In the aftermath of the defeat of the Chaos King, Thunderbird is returned to the afterlife after reality is restored by Hercules. Thunderbird contemplates that his life finally means something and hopes that next time he was resurrected, it will be with Sophie.[C 10]
Powers and abilitiesEdit
Thunderbird was a mutant who possessed superhuman strength (sufficient to rip apart a fighter jet with his bare hands), speed (he was fast enough to outrun a bison, possibly much faster), and stamina due to his dense musculature. His senses were also enhanced, enabling him to become a highly adept tracker.
Thunderbird had military training in hand-to-hand combat.
In Native Americans in Comic Books - A Critical Study, Michael A. Sheyahshe compared John Proudstar to Tupac Shakur, noting that "Thunderbird becomes even more popular, posthumously, than he ever was while living."
In September 2001, Bill Rosemann, the marketing communications manager of Marvel Comics, announced that "The death of Thunderbird!", Uncanny X-Men #95 had been classed number 32 in the 100 best Marvel Comics.
Age of ApocalypseEdit
In the Age of Apocalypse universe, John Proudstar is at the head of a religious group Ghost Dance whose members perform nightly dances asking the ancient spirits to bring an end to Apocalypse's reign. They also provided safe passage to Avalon through the Infernal Gallop. When Nightcrawler had the mission to travel to Avalon and bring back the mutant known as Destiny, he forced Proudstar to provide them passage.[C 11] Betrayed by Danielle Moonstar, the Madri learned of Proudstar and the Infernal Gallop's location at Ghost Dance. The Madri soldiers killed all the members of Ghost Dance.[C 12]
An alternate version of John Proudstar is an original member of the Exiles, a group of superhumans tasked with fixing damaged realities. This Thunderbird is captured by Apocalypse during his time with the X-Men and unwillingly transformed into one of his Four Horsemen, namely War.[C 15]
Thunderbird's time with this group is relatively short, several months at most. He serves mainly as the powerhouse of the group. In the third story arc, he meets another alternate version of himself, who has become the shaman of Alpha Flight, and this arc is largely centered on his internal conflicts.[C 16] Later, Thunderbird sacrifices himself to hold an anti-matter bomb within the body of Galactus, which forces the world-devourer to leave Earth after the massive injury the bomb causes. Although his physical body heals from the damage caused by the detonation, he is left in a coma. He is replaced by Sasquatch and the team are forced to leave him behind.[C 17] His body is later discovered in the Panoptichron, a crystal city that lies between realities, but has yet to be returned to his home reality.[C 18]
During his time with the Exiles, he develops a romantic relationship with teammate Nocturne,[C 19] who is pregnant with his child when he becomes comatose.[C 17] (However, she later loses the child for unexplained reasons.[volume & issue needed]) Issue #16 shows flashbacks of previously unseen scenes between the two characters that further develop their relationship.[C 20]
This version of Thunderbird is considerably more powerful than the mainstream one, due to Apocalypse's augmentations. His skin is covered by retractable armor plates that harden when he enters battle, considerably increasing his durability, and even at the base level, his power statistics are above his main continuity counterpart. His power increases with his rage, akin to the Hulk who he once defeated in close combat, and his appearance becomes more bestial as he does so.[C 21]
Thunderbird wakes up and escapes the stasis wall in the Panoptichron.[C 22] He helps Psylocke and Cat regain control of the Panoptichron during Doctor Doom's assault,[C 23] and is later reunited with Nocturne when the Exiles and New Excalibur team up to save Roma and the Captain Britain Corps.[C 24] Thunderbird leaves the team shortly after to be with Nocturne on Heather's earth.[C 25]
House of MEdit
In the House of M reality, John Proudstar appears as a police detective for the New York Police Department and as the leader of the strike force known as the "Brotherhood."[C 26] Proudstar eventually made a deal with Wilson Fisk to bring in Luke Cage's gang as both a matter of pride and to end his criminal activities.[C 27] Thunderbird's efforts resulted in Cage's Avengers battling the Brotherhood, in which their defeat caused Magneto to disband it.[C 28]
Alternate versions of the character are present in some issues of What If? which is a series of comic books whose stories explore how the Marvel Universe might have unfolded if key moments in its history had not occurred as they did in mainstream continuity.
- In "What If the X-Men Died on their First Mission?," Thunderbird was among the original line-up that died when Krakoa was hurtled into space.[C 29]
- In "What If Professor X Become the Juggernaut?," Thunderbird was part of Juggernaut's X-Men.[C 30]
- In "What If an All-New All-Different X-Men Never Existed?," Thunderbird was never recruited by Professor X and was allied with Erik the Red. He was quickly frozen by Iceman.[C 31]
In other mediaEdit
Thunderbird appears in the Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends episode "The X-Men Adventure" of Season 3, aired in 1983, voiced by John Stephenson. He is shown as a member of the X-Men. In this incarnation, Thunderbird possesses the ability to shapeshift into a variety of North American animals and does not demonstrate any of his abilities from the comics. When it came to Thunderbird's shapeshifting into a grizzly bear to break down a door, Iceman muttered "I didn't know you could do that!"
Thunderbird is displayed in the opening credits of X-Men animated series an animated television series, which debuted in 1992 and ended in 1997. In the part of the intro where the heroes and villains charge at each other, the character is shown as part of Magneto’s Brotherhood, but he was never planned to be a villain. Larry Houston, who designed the opening credits with Will Meugniot, needed to find equilibrium between the X-Men and their adversaries. He added two characters on the villain side, an unnamed mutant and John Proudstar / Thunderbird, who are visible in the "Slave Island" episode where the X-Men visit Genosha. In Previously on X-Men: The Making of an Animated Series made by the series showrunner Eric Lewald, it is explained that Thunderbird was originally intended to die in the opening storyline of the X-Men series, to reflect his death in the first mission of the All-New, All-Different X-Men. Finally, it was decided not to kill the only Native American character and he was replaced by the mutant shapeshifter Kevin Sydney / Morph who later turned up alive in later episodes.
Thunderbird is one of the main characters in the live-action television series The Gifted, portrayed by Blair Redford. He is a leader of the Mutant Underground, and was in a relationship with his girlfriend Sonya Simonson/Dreamer.
In 2003, Dynamic Forces created a bust of Thunderbird. Nick Barrucci, president of Dynamic Forces, said "The X-Men have such a rich, yet tragic history. To commemorate, DF worked to create two busts presenting the heroes of the X-Men who gave the ultimate sacrifice — their lives. So, we are starting our 'Memorial' Diorama line with two of the biggest heroes - Colossus and Thunderbird!"
Notes and referencesEdit
w: writer, p: penciler, i: inker
- Len Wein (w), Dave Cockrum (p), Dave Cockrum (i), Peter Iro (i), "Deadly Genesis!", Giant-Size X-Men #1 (May, 1975)
- Chris Claremont (w), Dave Cockrum (p), Bob McLeod (i), "The Doomsmith Scenario!", Uncanny X-Men#94 (August, 1975)
- Chris Claremont (w), Len Wein (w), Dave Cockrum (p), Sam Grainger (i), "Warhunt!", Uncanny X-Men #95 (October, 1975)
- Jim Shooter (w), John Byrne (w, p), Pablo Marcos (i), "To Fall by Treachery!", Avengers #164 (October, 1977)
- Craig Kyle (w), Chris Yost (w), Mike Choi (p, i), "Old Ghosts" (Part 4), X-Force vol.3 #10 (February, 2009)
- Craig Kyle (w), Chris Yost (w), Clayton Crain (p, i), Alina Urusov (p, i), "Who the Hell is Eli Bard?", X-Force vol.3 #11 (March, 2009)
- Craig Kyle (w), Chris Yost (w), Clayton Crain (p, i), "Necrosha" (Part 1), Necrosha #1 (December, 2009)
- Craig Kyle (w), Chris Yost (w), Clayton Crain (p, i), "Necrosha: Conclusion", X-Force vol.3 #25
- Louise Simonson (w), Chris Claremont (w), Doug Braithwaite (p, i), "Dead X-Men" (Part 1), Chaos War: X-Men #1 (February, 2011)
- Louise Simonson (w), Chris Claremont (w), Doug Braithwaite (p, i), "Dead X-Men" (Part 2), Chaos War: X-Men #2 (March, 2011)
- Warren Ellis (w), Ken Lashley (p), Phil Moy (i), Bud LaRosa (i), Tom Wegrzyn (i), "The Infernal Gallop", X-Calibre #1 (March, 1995)
- Warren Ellis (w), Roger Cruz (p), Renato Arlem (p), Charles Mota (p), Eddie Wagner (p), Phil Moy (i), Tom Wegrzyn (i),Harry Candelario (i), "Burn", X-Calibre #2 (April, 1995)
- Jim Krueger (s), Alex Ross (s), John Paul Leon (p), Bill Reinhold (i), Earth X #6 (September, 1999)
- Jim Krueger (s), Alex Ross (s), John Paul Leon (p, i), Bill Reinhold (i), Earth X #7 (October, 1999)
- Judd Winick (w), Mike McKone (p), Mark McKenna (i), "Down The Rabbit Hole", Exiles #1 (August, 2001)
- Exiles #5-6
- Exiles #10
- Exiles #62
- Exiles #1-10
- Exiles #16
- Exiles #6
- Exiles #97
- Exiles #98-99
- Chris Claremont (w), Juan Santacruz (p), Raul Fernandez (i), X-Men: Die by the Sword #1-5 (December 2007-February 2008)
- Exiles #100
- Christos N. Gage (w), Mike Perkins (p, i), Drew Hennessy (i), House of M: Avengers #2 (February, 2008)
- Christos N. Gage (w), Mike Perkins (p, i), House of M: Avengers #3 (February, 2008)
- Christos N. Gage (w), Mike Perkins (p, i), House of M: Avengers #4-5 (March–April, 2018)
- Roy Thomas (w), Rich Buckler (p), Sam De La Rosa (i), "What If... The New X-Men Had Died On Their Very First Mission?", What If? vol. 2 #9 (January, 1990)
- Kurt Busiek (w), Vince Mielcarek (p), Ian Akin (i), Brian Garvey (i), "What If Professor X Had Become the Juggernaut?", What If? vol. 2 #13 (May, 1990)
- Kurt Busiek (w), Rodney Ramos (p), Doug Hazlewood (i), "What If... The All-New All-Different X-Men Had Never Existed?", What If? vol. 2 #23 (March, 1991)
- Meth, Clifford (August 1993). "How a Typhoon Blew in Success". Wizard: X-Men Turn Thirty. pp. 50–52.
- Christensen, William; Seifert, Mark (August 1993). "From Gofer to Comic Great". Wizard: X-Men Turn Thirty. pp. 36–40.
- Richards, Dave (November 20, 2013). "Claremont Celebrates the Past with "X-Men: Gold"". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- CBR Staff (June 9, 2005). "Taking An Early Look at "Giant-Size X-Men" #4". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Brian, Cronin (May 23, 2014). "Comic Book Legends Revealed #472". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
- CBR Staff (September 16, 2010). ""All New, All Different, All Dead" X-Men Teaser". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Dave Richards (November 11, 2010). "Simonson Raises the Dead in "Chaos War: X-Men"". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Green, Paul (2009). Encyclopedia of Weird Westerns: Supernatural and Science Fiction Elements in Novels, Pulps, Comics, Films, Television and Games. McFarland. p. 206. ISBN 9780786458004. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Rhoades, Shirrel (2008). Comic Books: How the Industry Works. New York: Peter Lang. p. 86. ISBN 9780820488929. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Cornnell, Mike (2004). "Glossary of Characters: Thunderbird". jsaw.lib.lehigh.edu. Lehigh Student Award Winners (L-SAW). Archived from the original on 2012-03-04. Retrieved January 6, 2017.
- Misiroglu, Gina; Eury, Michael (2006). The Supervillain Book: The Evil Side of Comics and Hollywood. Detroit, Michigan: Omnigraphics. p. 79. ISBN 9780780809772.
- Meagan Damore (October 23, 2017). "The Gifted: Redford Wants Thunderbird to Team Up With Warpath". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
- Doug Zawisza (December 29, 2010). "Chaos War: X-Men #1 - Comic Book Review". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Doug Zawisza (January 29, 2011). "Chaos War: X-Men #2 - Comic Book Review". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Sheyahshe, Michael A. (2008). Native Americans in Comic Books - A Critical Study. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. pp. 12–13. ISBN 9780786435654.
- CBR Staff (2001-09-20). "100 Greatest Marvels: The Countdown". CBR. Retrieved 2017-05-13.
- Wiener, Robert G. (2008). Marvel Graphic Novels and Related Publications: An Annotated Guide to Comics, Prose Novels, Children’s Books, Articles, Criticism and Reference Works, 1965–2005. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. p. 129. ISBN 9780786451159. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- CBR Staff (November 30, 2007). "Marvel Previews for December 5th". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- CBR Staff (February 22, 2008). "Marvel Comics On Sale February 27, 2008". CBR. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Cronin, Brian (May 11, 2017). "Comic Legends: Why Didn't Thunderbird Die on the X-Men Animated Series?". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
- Goldman, Eric (May 31, 2011). "The X-Men's TV History: From Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends to Wolverine and the X-Men and beyond, we take a look at Marvel's mutants on the small screen". uk.tv.ign.com. IGN. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
- Cronin, Brian (June 10, 2017). "Why was Thunderbird on the Villain Side on the X-Men Cartoon?". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
- Cronin, Brian (November 3, 2017). "Comic Legends: Who's the Mystery Villain in the X-Men Opening Credits?". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
- Lewald, Eric (November 1, 2017). Previously on X-Men: The Making of an Animated Series. Jacob Brown Media Group. p. 450. ISBN 9780998866321.
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- Melrose, Kevin (October 16, 2017). "The Gifted's Love Triangle Is the Most X-Men Thing You'll See On TV". cbr.com. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
- CBR Staff (July 30, 2003). "'Colossus' and 'Thunderbird' immortalized by Dynamic Forces". CBR. Retrieved May 13, 2017.