Open main menu

Threitol is a four-carbon sugar alcohol with the molecular formula C4H10O4. It is primarily used as an intermediate in the chemical synthesis of other compounds. It is the diastereomer of erythritol.

Threitol[1]
Threitol.png
Names
Systematic IUPAC name
(2R,3R)-Butane-1,2,3,4-tetrol
Other names
(2R,3R)-Butane-1,2,3,4-tetraol (not recommended)
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.150.149
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C4H10O4
Molar mass 122.12
Appearance Solid
Melting point 88 to 90 °C (190 to 194 °F; 361 to 363 K)
Hazards
R-phrases (outdated) R36/37/38
S-phrases (outdated) S26 S36
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
‹See TfM›☒N verify (what is ☑Y‹See TfM›☒N ?)
Infobox references

In living things, threitol is found in the edible fungus Armillaria mellea.[2] It serves as a cryoprotectant (antifreeze agent) in the Alaskan beetle Upis ceramboides.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Threitol at Sigma-Alrich
  2. ^ Elks, J.; Ganellin, C. R. (1990). "Dictionary of Drugs". doi:10.1007/978-1-4757-2085-3. ISBN 978-1-4757-2087-7.
  3. ^ Walters, K. R. Jr; Pan, Q.; Serianni, A. S.; Duman, J. G. (2009). "Cryoprotectant biosynthesis and the selective accumulation of threitol in the freeze-tolerant Alaskan beetle, Upis ceramboides". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 284 (25): 16822–16831. doi:10.1074/jbc.M109.013870. PMC 2719318.

External linksEdit