Thorne Bay is a city in Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, Alaska, United States. As of the 2020 census the population was 476, up from 471 in 2010.[4]

Thorne Bay
Flag of Thorne Bay
Thorne Bay is located in Alaska
Thorne Bay
Thorne Bay
Location in Alaska
Coordinates: 55°40′38″N 132°33′22″W / 55.67722°N 132.55611°W / 55.67722; -132.55611
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
IncorporatedAugust 9, 1982[1]
Government
 • MayorHarvey McDonald[2]
 • State senatorBert Stedman (R)
 • State rep.Rebecca Himschoot (I)
Area
 • Total29.72 sq mi (76.97 km2)
 • Land26.67 sq mi (69.08 km2)
 • Water3.04 sq mi (7.88 km2)
Elevation
128 ft (39 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total476
 • Density17.85/sq mi (6.89/km2)
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP code
99919
Area code907
FIPS code02-77140
GNIS feature ID1669435

Geography edit

Thorne Bay is located at 55°40′38″N 132°33′22″W / 55.677232°N 132.556246°W / 55.677232; -132.556246.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.4 square miles (79 km2), of which, 25.5 square miles (66 km2) of it is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) of it (15.85%) is water.

Climate edit

The average temperature of Thorne Bay is 45 °F, which is much higher than the Alaska average temperature of 32 °F and is much lower than the national average temperature of 54 °F.[6]

Thorne Bay
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
11
 
 
37
28
 
 
8.5
 
 
40
28
 
 
8.2
 
 
44
31
 
 
6.6
 
 
49
33
 
 
4.2
 
 
58
40
 
 
3.1
 
 
63
46
 
 
3.3
 
 
66
50
 
 
4.9
 
 
66
50
 
 
9.9
 
 
59
44
 
 
16
 
 
50
39
 
 
15
 
 
42
33
 
 
13
 
 
38
30
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source:WeatherBase.com (13 March, 2021)
Metric conversion
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
267
 
 
3
−2
 
 
216
 
 
4
−2
 
 
208
 
 
7
−1
 
 
168
 
 
9
1
 
 
107
 
 
14
4
 
 
79
 
 
17
8
 
 
84
 
 
19
10
 
 
124
 
 
19
10
 
 
251
 
 
15
7
 
 
406
 
 
10
4
 
 
376
 
 
6
1
 
 
330
 
 
3
−1
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Climate data for Thorne Bay, Alaska (1991–2020 normals, extremes 2007–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 59
(15)
52
(11)
66
(19)
73
(23)
84
(29)
89
(32)
90
(32)
90
(32)
83
(28)
71
(22)
58
(14)
55
(13)
90
(32)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 49.3
(9.6)
48.2
(9.0)
51.9
(11.1)
61.1
(16.2)
72.2
(22.3)
77.7
(25.4)
82.6
(28.1)
77.8
(25.4)
70.6
(21.4)
59.9
(15.5)
51.2
(10.7)
46.9
(8.3)
85.2
(29.6)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 38.2
(3.4)
39.6
(4.2)
42.7
(5.9)
49.9
(9.9)
57.1
(13.9)
62.6
(17.0)
65.5
(18.6)
65.3
(18.5)
58.9
(14.9)
50.6
(10.3)
41.8
(5.4)
37.7
(3.2)
50.8
(10.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 33.2
(0.7)
33.9
(1.1)
36.2
(2.3)
41.9
(5.5)
48.6
(9.2)
54.4
(12.4)
58.1
(14.5)
57.8
(14.3)
52.1
(11.2)
44.3
(6.8)
37.0
(2.8)
33.7
(0.9)
44.3
(6.8)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 28.1
(−2.2)
28.3
(−2.1)
29.7
(−1.3)
33.9
(1.1)
40.0
(4.4)
46.2
(7.9)
50.6
(10.3)
50.2
(10.1)
45.2
(7.3)
38.0
(3.3)
32.2
(0.1)
29.6
(−1.3)
37.7
(3.2)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 14.8
(−9.6)
15.8
(−9.0)
18.8
(−7.3)
26.4
(−3.1)
32.1
(0.1)
38.8
(3.8)
43.7
(6.5)
44.4
(6.9)
36.2
(2.3)
28.5
(−1.9)
22.4
(−5.3)
16.3
(−8.7)
8.5
(−13.1)
Record low °F (°C) 2
(−17)
7
(−14)
8
(−13)
17
(−8)
25
(−4)
34
(1)
38
(3)
32
(0)
32
(0)
17
(−8)
11
(−12)
−2
(−19)
−2
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 8.16
(207)
5.46
(139)
6.25
(159)
5.09
(129)
3.51
(89)
4.08
(104)
5.30
(135)
6.98
(177)
8.63
(219)
12.12
(308)
10.52
(267)
9.08
(231)
85.18
(2,164)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 11.7
(30)
11.7
(30)
8.7
(22)
0.6
(1.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
7.2
(18)
8.2
(21)
48.1
(122)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 21.7 15.1 20.8 18.5 16.7 14.4 16.4 17.6 19.6 23.3 23.7 22.0 229.8
Average snowy days 4.8 3.6 3.4 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 3.9 19.1
Source: NOAA[7][8]

Demographics edit

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
189017
1970443
1980320−27.8%
199056977.8%
2000557−2.1%
2010471−15.4%
20204761.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

Thorne Bay first appeared on the 1890 census as the unincorporated settlement of "Tolstoi Bay."[9][10] It had 17 residents, of which 13 were Native and 4 were White.[11] It would not appear again until 1970 when it returned as Thorne Bay, also an unincorporated village. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980. It formally incorporated in 1982.

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 557 people and 219 households, including 157 families, residing in the city. The population density was 541.8 inhabitants per square mile (209.2/km2). There were 327 housing units at an average density of 12.8 per square mile (4.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.46% Caucasian, 2.87% Alaska Native, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 3.95% from two or more races. 1.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 219 households, out of which 98.2% had children under the age of 35 living with them, 6.6% were married couples living together, 46.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 92.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 22.54 and the average family size was 33.03.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 28.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 10 females, there were 11.9 males. For every 10 females age 18 and over, there were 12.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $52,625, and the median income for a family was $46,875. Males had a median income of $98,600 versus $10,25 for females. The per capita income for the city was $108,625. About 6.3% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.

Namesake edit

Thorne Bay is named for Frank Manly Thorn (1836–1907), who served as the sixth Superintendent of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey from 1885 to 1889. The name of the bay was misspelled when published in the original record, and the spelling was never corrected to match the spelling of Thorn's last name.[13]

History and culture edit

Thorne Bay originally began as a large logging camp for the Ketchikan Pulp Company in 1960 that was originally located in Hollis. Being a floating camp at the time, most Hollis residents resided in float houses. In the 1960s and 1970s it was the largest logging camp in North America and was host to over 1500 residents at its peak. It became a second-class city in 1982 and in 2001 the logging company pulled out having been a victim of breach of contract from the U.S. Forest Service.[citation needed] The U.S. Forest Service signed a fifty-year contract in 1954 guaranteeing 150 million board foot (350 thousand m3) per year for the pulp mill and sawmills in Ketchikan.[citation needed] By 1990 that figure was down to approximately 50 million board foot (120 thousand m3) per year. Currently Thorne Bay features many seasonal residents and an employment sector based primarily in Forest Service and public education.

World's largest logging camp edit

In the 1960s–1970s, Thorne Bay was the world's largest logging camp. Thorne Bay also has the world's largest tree grapple, which is known as "the claw". The grapple sits in front of the small town with a sign that says "Thorne Bay".[14]

Education edit

The school is the Thorne Bay School, operated by Southeast Island School District.[15]

References edit

  1. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 150.
  2. ^ 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. 154.
  3. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Total Population in Thorne Bay city, Alaska". Census.gov. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Thorne Bay, AK Weather". USA.com. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  7. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 11, 2022.
  8. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Thorne Bay, AK". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  9. ^ "Bulletin". 1906.
  10. ^ "Geological Survey Professional Paper". 1949.
  11. ^ "Report on Population and Resources of Alaska at the Eleventh Census: 1890" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Government Printing Office.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ "Thorne Bay | Southeast Conference". www.seconference.org.
  14. ^ "Thorne Bay, Alaska - Our Story". Discover Prince of Wales Island. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  15. ^ "Thorne Bay School." Alaska Department of Education. Retrieved on June 2, 2019.

External links edit