Thoran (Malayalam: തോരൻ, pronounced [t̪oːɾan]; or upperi in Malabar) is a coconut-based vegetable dish in Kerala. This common dish is usually eaten with steamed rice. Thoran is a common menu item for a sadhya.
Thoran is a dry dish traditionally made of finely chopped vegetables such as cabbage, yardlong bean and other bean varieties, unripe jackfruit, bittergourd (കയ്പ്പക്ക/പാവയ്ക്ക) or elephant foot yam, of leaves such as green or red cheera (ചീര), Moringa oleifera or Ipomoea aquatica, as well as of flowers such as Moringa oleifera or Sesbania grandiflora.
Thoran can be also made with carrots, green beans, cabbage, green tomatoes or spinach, vegetables that were traditionally not available in Kerala. The traditional recipes made in southern Kerala do not use garlic, but in the present day, garlic and onion are also added.
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