Thong Pha Phum district

Thong Pha Phum (Thai: ทองผาภูมิ, pronounced [tʰɔ̄ːŋ pʰǎː pʰūːm]) is a district (amphoe) in the northern part of Kanchanaburi province, central Thailand.

Thong Pha Phum
ทองผาภูมิ
Thong Pha Phum National Park
District location in Kanchanaburi province
District location in Kanchanaburi province
Coordinates: 14°44′45″N 98°37′30″E / 14.74583°N 98.62500°E / 14.74583; 98.62500Coordinates: 14°44′45″N 98°37′30″E / 14.74583°N 98.62500°E / 14.74583; 98.62500
CountryThailand
ProvinceKanchanaburi
SeatTha Khanun
Area
 • Total3,655.171 km2 (1,411.269 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[1]
 • Total56,119
 • Density15/km2 (40/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code71180
Geocode7107

HistoryEdit

At first Thong Pha Phum was the minor district (king amphoe) Sangkhla Buri, a subordinate of Wang Ka District. In 1939 the name Sangkhla Buri was assigned to Wang Ka, while the minor district was renamed Thong Pha Phum.[2] On 20 May 1941 it was upgraded to a full district, while at the same time Sangkhla Buri was reduced to a minor district.[3] It then consisted of the six tambons Tha Khanun, Hin Dat, Dika, Chalae, Pilok, and Linthin.

The economy includes the 460 million baht cleanup of the lead tailings in Klity Creek, caused by a now-closed lead processing factory; the cleanup is "the first state-supervised environmental cleanup in Thailand".[4] The Bo Ngam lead mine severely contaminated the soil, where the lead content was as high at 15%. Despite this, 48 species of plants were found growing in the area, suggesting possible bioremediation.[5]

GeographyEdit

Neighboring are (from west clockwise) Tanintharyi Division of Myanmar, Sangkhla Buri, Umphang of Tak province, Ban Rai of Uthai Thani province, Si Sawat and Sai Yok of Kanchanaburi Province.

The district's important water resource is the Khwae Noi River, which is dammed by the district's Vajiralongkorn Dam.

Thong Pha Phum, Lam Khlong Ngu, Khuean Srinagarindra, and Khao Laem National Parks are found in the district.

AdministrationEdit

The district is divided into seven sub-districts (tambons), which are further subdivided into 44 villages (mubans). Thong Pha Phum itself is a township (thesaban tambon) and covers parts of the tambon Tha Khanun. There are a further seven tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.[1]
1. Tha Khanun ท่าขนุน 5 14,141
2. Pilok ปิล๊อก 4 5,124
3. Hin Dat หินดาด 8 5,195
4. Linthin ลิ่นถิ่น 6 6,908
5. Chalae ชะแล 7 10,125
6. Huai Khayeng ห้วยเขย่ง 8 9,618
7. Sahakon Nikhom สหกรณ์นิคม 6 5,008

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Thong Pha Phum (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.3
(99.1)
39.2
(102.6)
41.3
(106.3)
43.0
(109.4)
41.5
(106.7)
38.0
(100.4)
36.5
(97.7)
36.2
(97.2)
35.7
(96.3)
36.0
(96.8)
37.3
(99.1)
39.2
(102.6)
43.0
(109.4)
Average high °C (°F) 33.3
(91.9)
35.3
(95.5)
36.9
(98.4)
37.3
(99.1)
34.1
(93.4)
31.7
(89.1)
30.9
(87.6)
30.7
(87.3)
31.9
(89.4)
32.3
(90.1)
32.2
(90.0)
31.9
(89.4)
33.2
(91.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
26.7
(80.1)
28.8
(83.8)
29.8
(85.6)
28.1
(82.6)
27.1
(80.8)
26.5
(79.7)
26.3
(79.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
25.3
(77.5)
23.9
(75.0)
26.7
(80.1)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
18.4
(65.1)
20.7
(69.3)
22.8
(73.0)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
22.9
(73.2)
22.1
(71.8)
19.5
(67.1)
16.5
(61.7)
21.0
(69.8)
Record low °C (°F) 7.4
(45.3)
8.1
(46.6)
11.5
(52.7)
15.0
(59.0)
17.0
(62.6)
19.5
(67.1)
20.0
(68.0)
19.5
(67.1)
19.2
(66.6)
13.9
(57.0)
9.9
(49.8)
5.2
(41.4)
5.2
(41.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 5.4
(0.21)
16.4
(0.65)
46.4
(1.83)
101.8
(4.01)
227.5
(8.96)
278.3
(10.96)
323.2
(12.72)
343.7
(13.53)
241.2
(9.50)
172.3
(6.78)
25.6
(1.01)
4.7
(0.19)
1,786.5
(70.33)
Average rainy days 0.6 1.7 4.4 8.2 18.7 25.2 26.3 27.2 23.5 16.3 3.6 0.8 156.5
Average relative humidity (%) 72 65 64 69 81 85 87 87 86 84 79 75 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 279.0 262.7 275.9 276.0 155.0 114.0 58.9 58.9 54.0 145.7 219.0 279.0 2,178.1
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.0 9.3 8.9 9.2 5.0 3.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 4.7 7.3 9.0 6.0
Source 1: Thai Meteorological Department[6]
Source 2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2557". Department of Provincial Administration (in Thai). Retrieved 29 January 2022.
  2. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนนามอำเภอ กิ่งอำเภอ และตำบลบางแห่ง พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๒ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 56 (ก): 354–364. April 17, 1939.
  3. ^ ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง ยกฐานะกิ่งอำเภอขึ้นเป็นอำเภอและยุบอำเภอลงเป็นกิ่ง จังหวัดกาญจนบุรี (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 58 (ง): 1238. May 20, 1941.
  4. ^ Nicha Wachpanich. Klity Creek lead cleanup stumbles (28 February 2021)
  5. ^ Tisserat, Brent (2002-02-04). "Influence of Ultra-High Carbon Dioxide Levels on Growth and Morphogenesis of Lamiaceae Species in Soil". Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants. 9 (1): 81–89. doi:10.1300/j044v09n01_09. ISSN 1049-6475.
  6. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 16. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  7. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 78. Retrieved 4 August 2016.

External linksEdit