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Thomas Day Thacher (September 10, 1881 – November 12, 1950) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, the 21st Solicitor General of the United States and a Judge of the New York Court of Appeals.

Thomas D. Thacher
Thomas D Thatcher.jpg
21st Solicitor General of the United States
In office
March 1930 – May 1933
Appointed byHerbert Hoover
Preceded byCharles Evans Hughes Jr.
Succeeded byJames Crawford Biggs
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
In office
January 21, 1925 – April 10, 1930
Appointed byCalvin Coolidge
Preceded byLearned Hand
Succeeded byRobert P. Patterson
Personal details
Born
Thomas Day Thacher

(1881-09-10)September 10, 1881
Tenafly, New Jersey
DiedNovember 12, 1950(1950-11-12) (aged 69)
New York City, New York
Resting placeBrookside Cemetery
Englewood, New Jersey
ResidenceNew York City, New York
EducationYale University (B.A.)
Yale Law School
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Education and careerEdit

Born on September 10, 1881, in Tenafly, New Jersey,[1] Thacher was the son on a prominent New York City, New York attorney.[2] He attended the Taft School and Phillips Academy, both in Andover, Connecticut.[2] He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1904 from Yale University[1] where he was a member of Skull and Bones,[3] and after attending Yale Law School, read law in 1906.[1] He entered private practice in New York City from 1906 to 1907,[1] with his father's law firm of Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett.[2] Thacher remained with the firm and was made a partner in 1914.[2] He was an Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York from 1907 to 1910.[1] While in this position, Thacher was recognized for his work in prosecuting customs fraud.[2] He returned to private practice in New York City from 1910 to 1917.[1] He was a Major for the American Red Cross Commission to Russia from 1917 to 1918.[1] He again returned to private practice in New York City from 1918 to 1925.[1]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Thacher was nominated by President Calvin Coolidge on January 9, 1925, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated by Judge Learned Hand.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 19, 1925, and received his commission on January 21, 1925.[1] His service terminated on April 10, 1930, due to his resignation.[1]

Accomplishments while judgeEdit

Thacher was instrumental in investigating the operation of the bankruptcy laws in New York City.[2] His reports to President Herbert Hoover were the basis for amendments to the law that extended the control of the courts over bankruptcy proceedings and speeded up the settlement process, thereby reducing any opportunities for abuses.[2]

Later careerEdit

Thacher served as the 21st Solicitor General of the United States from March 1930 to May 1933.[1] He returned to private practice in New York City from 1933 to 1943.[1] He helped create the movement that made possible the election of Fiorello H. La Guardia as Mayor of New York City.[2] La Guardia appointed Thacher to serve as the leader on the commission to write a new city charter and to the city's corporation counsel in 1943.[2] He was a Judge of the New York Court of Appeals from 1943 to 1948,[1] appointed to that post by Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey.[2]

Other service and familyEdit

Thacher served as a fellow of the Yale Corporation from 1931 to 1949, President of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York from 1933 to 1935, and was a member of numerous social clubs.[2] He first married Eunice Booth Burall, and had three children.[2] After Eunice's death in 1943, Thacher married Eleanor M. Lloyd on July 20, 1945.[2]

DeathEdit

Thacher died of a coronary thrombosis on November 12, 1950, at his home in New York City.[1][2] He was interred in Brookside Cemetery in Englewood, New Jersey.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Thacher, Thomas Day - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Solicitor General: Thomas D. Thacher". www.justice.gov. 23 October 2014.
  3. ^ The twelfth general catalogue of the Psi Upsilon Fraternity. 1917. p. 183. Retrieved March 24, 2011.

SourcesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Office of the Solicitor General.

Legal offices
Preceded by
Learned Hand
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
1925–1930
Succeeded by
Robert P. Patterson
Preceded by
Charles Evans Hughes Jr.
21st Solicitor General of the United States
1930–1933
Succeeded by
James Crawford Biggs